Rolla, Missouri

city in Phelps County, Missouri, United States

Rolla is a city in Phelps County, Missouri, United States, midway between the larger cities of St. Louis and Springfield along Interstate 44. Its population in the 2020 United States Census was 19,943.[3] It is the county seat of Phelps County.[5] The Rolla Micropolitan Statistical Area consists of Phelps County.

Rolla, Missouri
Old Phelps County Courthouse
Old Phelps County Courthouse
Location of Rolla within County and State
Location of Rolla within County and State
Coordinates: 37°56′45″N 91°45′39″W / 37.94583°N 91.76083°W / 37.94583; -91.76083
CountryUnited States
 • Total12.15 sq mi (31.47 km2)
 • Land12.13 sq mi (31.41 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation1,099 ft (335 m)
 • Total19,943
 • Density1,644.24/sq mi (634.86/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
65401, 65402, 65409
Area code573
FIPS code29-62912[4]
GNIS feature ID2396418[2]
U.S. Routes
State highways

Rolla is an important center for education and research in science and technology. It is the home of the Missouri University of Science and Technology.[Note 1] In addition, the US Geological Survey operates a large regional facility. This office includes: the National Geospatial Technical Operations Center III, the Missouri Water Science Center, the Mid-Continent Geographic Science Center, National Spatial Data Infrastructure Partnership Office Liaisons, and the Rolla Science Information and Library Services office. The main office of the Mark Twain National Forest is also located in Rolla.

Although private businesses are more limited, Royal Canin, a major manufacturer of dog and cat food, operates in Rolla. Small-engine manufacturer Briggs & Stratton operated a major plant in Rolla from 1996 to 2007.

The Rolla area is part of the Ozark Highlands American Viticultural Area, with vineyards established first by Italian immigrants to the area.

Notable people


See also Notable Missouri S&T Alumni

  1. The Missouri University of Science and Technology started as the Missouri School of Mines and Metallurgy in 1870 and was called the University of Missouri–Rolla from 1964 through 2007.


  1. "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 28, 2022.
  2. 2.0 2.1 U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Rolla, Missouri
  3. 3.0 3.1 "QuickFacts: Rolla city, Missouri". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 14, 2024.
  4. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

Other websites