federal subject of Russia, republic of Russia

Ingushetia (/ɪŋɡʊˈʃɛtiə/; Ingush: ГӀалгӏайче, romanized: Ghalghajče; Russian: Ингуше́тия), also spelled Ingushetiya,[8] officially the Republic of Ingushetia,[a] is a republic of Russia. It is in the North Caucasus region of Eurasia. The republic is in the North Caucasian Federal District. It borders the country of Georgia to the south, and the Russian federal subjects of North Ossetia–Alania to the west, Chechnya to the east, and Stavropol Krai to the north.

Republic of Ingushetia
Республика Ингушетия
Official titular nation transcription(s)
 • IngushГӏалгӏай Мохк
Anthem: Ghalghajčen gimn
(State Anthem of Ingushetia)
Location of Republic of Ingushetia
Coordinates: 43°12′N 44°58′E / 43.200°N 44.967°E / 43.200; 44.967
Federal districtNorth Caucasian
Economic regionNorth Caucasus
Largest cityNazran
 • TypePeople's Assembly[1]
 • Head[1]Mahmud-Ali Kalimatov[2]
 • Total3,600 km2 (1,400 sq mi)
 • TotalIncrease 509,541
 • Rank74th
 • Density163.16/km2 (422.6/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Rural
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK[5])
ISO 3166 codeRU-IN
Vehicle registration06
Official language(s)Ingush[6] • Russian[7]

Its capital is the town of Magas. Its largest city is Nazran. At 3,600 square km, the republic has the smallest area of Russia's non-city federal subjects. It was made on June 4, 1992. This was after the Checheno-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was split in two. The republic is home to the indigenous Ingush people. The 2021 Census said its population was estimated to be 509,541.[4]

Ingushetia is one of the poorest and most unstable regions of Russia. This is mostly because of the insurgency in the North Caucasus. The violence has slowed down in recent years. However, the insurgency in Chechnya has sometimes came over the border into Ingushetia. According to Human Rights Watch in 2008, the republic has lots of corruption, crime, anti-government protests, attacks on soldiers and officers, and low human rights.



The name Ingushetia comes from the Russian name of the region's people (Ingush) and the Georgian suffix -éti. Ingushetia literally means "the place where the Ingush live". Other names like "Dzurdzuketi",[9] "Kistetia",[9][10] "Gligveti",[9] "Gelia", "Galga",[11] and "Ingushiya"[12][13][14][15] have also been used for the region.

  1. Ingush: Гӏалгӏай Мохк, romanized: Ghalghaj Moxk; Russian: Респу́блика Ингуше́тия, romanized: Respúblika Ingushétiya


  1. 1.0 1.1 Constitution of the Republic of Ingushetia, Article 64
  2. Official website of the Republic of Ingushetia. Head of the Republic of Ingushetia Archived October 10, 2011, at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  3. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21), "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)", Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian), Federal State Statistics Service, archived from the original on September 28, 2011, retrieved 2011-11-01
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Оценка численности постоянного населения по субъектам Российской Федерации". Всероссийская перепись населения. Federal State Statistics Service (Russia). Retrieved 1 September 2022.
  5. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  6. Constitution of the Republic of Ingushetia, Article 14
  7. Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  8. Encyclopædia Britannica.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Волкова 1973, p. 136.
  10. Finley 1827, p. 310.
  11. Энгельгардт, Паррот 1814, p. 26.
  12. Яковлев 1925.
  13. Мартиросиан 1928.
  14. Мартиросиан 1933.
  15. Крупнов 1939.




  • Конституционный закон №57-РЗ от 7 декабря 2010 г. «О государственном гимне Республики Ингушетия», в ред. Конституционного закона №2-РЗП от 4 июля 2011 г «О внесении изменений в некоторые законодательные акты Республики Ингушетия в связи с принятием Закона Республики Ингушетия от 11 октября 2010 года No. 3-РЗП "О поправке к Конституции"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ингушетия", No.211–212, 18 декабря 2010 г. (Constitutional Law #57-RZ of December 7, 2010 On the State Anthem of the Republic of Ingushetia, as amended by the Constitutional Law #2-RZP of July 4, 2011 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of the Republic of Ingushetia Due to the Adoption of the Law of the Republic Ingushetia #3-RZP of October 11, 2010 "On the Amendment to the Constitution". Effective as of the day of the official publication.). (in Russian)
  • Template:RussiaBasicLawRef (in Russian)
  • Верховный Совет РСФСР. Закон от 4 июня 1992 г. «Об образовании Республики Ингушетия в составе РСФСР». (Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR. Law of June 4, 1992 On Establishing the Republic of Ingushetia Within the RSFSR. ). (in Russian)



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