Koshi Province (Nepal)

province of Nepal
(Redirected from Koshi Pradesh)

Koshi Province (Nepali: कोशी प्रदेश),is one of the seven federal provinces of Nepal. It was established in 2015 by the current constitution of Nepal. It was originally called Province No. 1. On March 1, 2023, it was renamed after the Kosi River. The capital city is Biratnagar.[5]

Koshi Province
कोशी प्रदेश/ཤར་པ་ཀླུང
Location of Eastern part of Nepal
Location of Eastern part of Nepal
Koshi Pradesh
Coordinates (Biratnagar): 26°27′15″N 87°16′47″E / 26.45417°N 87.27972°E / 26.45417; 87.27972
Country   Nepal
Formation20 September 2015
Named as Koshi Pradesh1 March 2023
Named forKoshi River
Largest cityBiratnagar
 • TypeSelf-governing Province
 • BodyGovernment of Koshi Province
 • GovernorParshuram Khapung
 • Chief MinisterKedar Karki
Nepali Congress
 • High CourtBiratnagar High Court
 • Koshi Provincial AssemblyUnicameral (93 seats)
 • Parliamentary constituency28
 • Total25,905 km2 (10,002 sq mi)
 • Rank2nd
Highest elevation8,848 m (29,029 ft)
Lowest elevation60 m (200 ft)
 • Total4,961,412
 • Rank4th
 • Density192/km2 (500/sq mi)
  • Rank4th
 • Households
Demonym(s)Purbeli, Kosheli, Koshyali
 • Religions
 • Ethnic groups
 • Sex ratio91.48 /100 (2011)
Development Parameters
 • GDP per capitaUS$1267 (3rd)
 • Poverty rate0.127[3]
 • Literacy79.7%Increase
 • Life Expectancy69
 • HDI0.553Increase (medium)
Time zoneUTC+5:45 (NST)
ISO 3166 codeNP-P1
Vehicle registrationPROVINCE 1 AB XXXX
Official languageNepali


Other Official language(s)Bantawa
GDP (Nominal)US$9 Billion (2nd)

The province is bordered by the Tibet of China to the north, the Indian states of Sikkim and West Bengal to the east, and Bihar to the south, and Bagmati Province and Madhesh Province to the west.[6][7][8] According to the 2021 Nepal census, there are around 5 million people in the province, with a population density of 190 per square kilometre.[9] As per the 2011 Nepal census the province had around 4.5 million people.[10]

References change

  1. "NepalMap profile: Province No. 1". Archived from the original on 25 January 2021. Retrieved 8 April 2023.
  2. "NID | Overview".
  3. "Province Wise Multidimensional Poverty Index".
  4. "सरकारी कामकाजको भाषाका आधारहरूको निर्धारण तथा भाषासम्बन्धी सिफारिसहरू (पञ्चवर्षीय प्रतिवेदन- साराांश) २०७८" (PDF). Language Commission. Language Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 September 2021. Retrieved 28 October 2021.
  5. "Nepal's 'Province 1' renamed 'Koshi' after country's largest river". Canada Asia Sustainability Tracker. 2023. Retrieved 9 March 2023.
  6. "Biratnagar celebrates its status of provincial capital". The Himalayan Times. 2018. Archived from the original on 20 January 2018. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  7. "Locals intensify protest in Dhankuta after Biratnagar named as provincial HQ". Kathmandu Post Ekantipur. 2018. Archived from the original on 18 January 2018. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  8. "Nepal government announces Provincial Capitals and Chiefs". DDI News. 2018. Archived from the original on 19 January 2018. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  9. "राष्ट्रिय जनगणना २०७८ प्रारम्भिक नतिजा". cbs.gov.np (in Nepali). Central Bureau of Statistics, Nepal. 2022. Archived from the original on 26 January 2022. Retrieved 26 January 2022.
  10. "Province 1: Call for opportunities in the land of great promise". Kantipur Publications Pvt. Ltd. 12 August 2015. Archived from the original on 6 September 2017. Retrieved 5 September 2017.