Open main menu

Prime Minister of Sri Lanka

Head of government and of the Council of Ministers of Sri Lanka

The Prime Minister of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකා අග්‍රාමාත්‍ය Śrī Laṃkā agrāmāthya; Tamil: இலங்கை பிரதமர்) is the most senior member of parliament in the cabinet of ministers in Sri Lanka. They are in charge for their policies and actions to parliament. The President is both head of state and head of government in Sri Lanka. Since 1978, most prime ministers have served as mere deputies to the executive presidency, while at times served as the de-facto head of government.

Prime Minister of Sri Lanka
ශ්‍රී ලංකා අග්‍රාමාත්‍ය
இலங்கை பிரதமர்
Emblem of Sri Lanka.svg
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg
Ranil Wickremesinghe.jpg
Incumbent
Ranil Wickremasinghe

since 9 January 2015
Style
Member of
Reports toParliament
ResidenceTemple Trees
SeatSri Jayawardenapura Kotte
NominatorParliament of Sri Lanka
AppointerPresident of Sri Lanka
Term lengthFive years
Constituting instrumentConstitution of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
PrecursorLeader of the House, State Council of Ceylon
Inaugural holderDon Stephen Senanayake
Formation14 October 1947; 71 years ago (1947-10-14)
SuccessionFirst in the
presidential line of succession
SalaryLKR 858,000 annually (2016)[1][2]
WebsitePrime Minister's Office

On 16 December 2018, Ranil Wickremesinghe was appointed as the Prime Minister for the 5th time after a leadership dispute.[3]

List of Prime MinistersEdit

Parties

  United National Party   Sri Lanka Freedom Party   Sri Lanka Podujana Peramuna

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Constituency/Title
Term of office

Electoral mandates
Other ministerial offices
held while Prime Minister
Political party
of PM
(Alliance)
Government Refs
1   DS Senanayake
දොන් ස්ටීවන් සේනානායක
டான் ஸ்டீபன் சேனாநாயக்க
(1883–1952)
Mirigama
24 September
1947
22 March
1952
Minister of External Affairs and Defence United National Party D. S. Senanayake 3rd [4]
1947
The first Prime Minister of Ceylon. The country gained independence from United Kingdom during his term of office.[5]
2   Dudley Senanayake
ඩඩ්ලි සේනානායක
டட்லி சேனநாயக்கா
(1911–1973)
Dedigama
26 March
1952
12 October
1953
Minister of External Affairs and Defence
Minister of Agriculture & Lands
& Minister of Health & Local Government
United National Party Dudley Senanayake I 3rd
4th
[4]
1952
Appointed as Prime Minister following the death of his father, D. S. Senanayake. His party won at the general elections held in June 1952, and he continued in the office without a re-appointment. Dudley Senanayake resigned in 1953.[6]
3   Sir John Kotelawala
ශ්‍රිමත් ජෝන් කොතලාවල
சேர் ஜோன் கொத்தலாவலை
CH, KBE, KStJ, CLI
(1897–1980)
Dodangaslanda
12 October
1953
12 April
1956
Minister of External Affairs and Defence
& Minister of Minister of Transport & Works
United National Party Kotelawala 4th [4]
 —
Sri Lanka joined the United Nations under the leadership of Kotelawala.[7]
4   S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike
සොලමන් වෙස්ට් රිජ්වේ ඩයස් බණ්ඩාරනායක
சாலமன் வெஸ்ட் ரிட்ஜ்வே டயஸ் பண்டாரநாயக்கா
(1899–1959)
Attanagalla
12 April
1956
26 September
1959
Minister of External Affairs and Defence Sri Lanka Freedom Party S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike 5th [4]
1956
Bandaranaike changed the official language of the country from English to Sinhalese. He was assassinated before his term of office ended.[8]
5   Wijeyananda Dahanayake
විජයානන්ද දහනායක
விஜயானந்த தகநாயக்கா
(1902–1997)
Galle
26 September
1959
20 March
1960
Minister of External Affairs and Defence Sri Lanka Freedom Party Dahanayake 5th [4]
 —
Dahanayake was appointed following the assassination of Bandaranaike. However, following disagreements with the members of his government and party, he was forced to dissolve the parliament.[9]
(2)   Dudley Senanayake
ඩඩ්ලි සේනානායක
டட்லி சேனநாயக்கா
(1911–1973)
Dedigama
21 March
1960
21 July
1960
Minister of External Affairs and Defence United National Party Dudley Senanayake II 6th [4]
March 1960
Senanayake's government was defeated after one month. Senanayake continued to serve as Prime Minister until 21 July 1960.
6   Sirimavo Bandaranayake
සිරිමාවො රත්වත්තේ ඩයස් බණ්ඩාරනායක
சிறிமா ரத்வத்தே டயஸ் பண்டாரநாயக்கே
(1916–2000)
21 July
1960
25 March
1965
Minister of External Affairs and Defence Sri Lanka Freedom Party Sirimavo Bandaranaike I 7th [4]
July 1960
Sirimavo Bandaranaike was the world's first female prime minister.[10] She was not a member of Parliament at the time of appointment, and was appointed to the Senate on 2 August 1960.
(2)   Dudley Senanayake
ඩඩ්ලි සේනානායක
டட்லி சேனநாயக்கா
(1911–1973)
Dedigama
25 March
1965
29 May
1970
Minister of External Affairs and Defence United National Party Dudley Senanayake III 8th [4]
1965
Senanayake was elected Prime Minister for the third time, when his party formed a government with the help of six other parties, after an election which did not give a clear majority to any party. The agriculture sector was given high priority during his term of office.[11]
(6)   Sirimavo Bandaranayake
සිරිමාවො රත්වත්තේ ඩයස් බණ්ඩාරනායක
சிறிமா ரத்வத்தே டயஸ் பண்டாரநாயக்கே
(1916–2000)
Attanagalla
29 May
1970
22 May
1972
Minister of External Affairs and Defence
& Minister of Planning & Employment
Sri Lanka Freedom Party Sirimavo Bandaranaike II 9th [4]
22 May
1972
23 July
1977
10th
1970
Sirimavo Bandaranaike declared the country a republic, and its name was changed from Ceylon to Sri Lanka.[10] Nationalized many companies in the plantation sector and imposed restrictions on several imports. This led to the downfall of the country's economy, and she was defeated in the general elections of 1977, with allegations of corruption which later led to her expulsion from Parliament.[10]
7   Junius Richard Jayewardene
ජුනියස් රිචඩ් ජයවර්ධන
ஜூனியஸ் ரிச்சட் ஜயவர்தனா
(1906–1996)
Colombo West
23 July
1977
4 February
1978
Minister of Defence
Minister of Planning & Economic Affairs
& Minister of Plan Implementation
United National Party Jayewardene 11th [4]
1977
Introduced the Executive Presidency in 1978, and assumed the position of President of Sri Lanka.[12]
8 Ranasinghe Premadasa
රණසිංහ ප්‍රේමදාස
ரணசிங்க பிரேமதாசா
(1924–1993)
Colombo Central
6 February
1978
2 January
1989
Minister of Local Government, Housing & Construction United National Party Jayewardene 11th
12th
[4]
 —
Was the first Prime Minister to be appointed after the constitutional changes of 1978, with powers of the position reduced significantly.[13]
9 Dingiri Banda Wijetunga
ඩිංගිරි බණ්ඩා විජේතුංග
டிங்கிரி பண்ட விஜேதுங்க
(1916–2008)
Kandy
6 March
1989
7 May
1993
Minister of Finance
& Minister of Labour & Vocational Training
United National Party Premadasa 13th [4]
1989
Was appointed in a surprise move by the then President, Ranasinghe Premadasa. Wijetunge himself reacted in surprise at the appointment. He resigned from the post on 28 March 1990, but was reappointed two days later, on 30 March 1990.
10   Ranil Wickremesinghe
රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහ
ரணில் விக்ரமசிங்க
(1949–)
Gampaha
7 May
1993
19 August
1994
United National Party Wijetunga 13th [4]
 —
Appointed as the Prime Minister[14] when Wijetunge was appointed as the President of Sri Lanka, following the assassination of the former President, Ranasinghe Premadasa.
11   Chandrika Kumaratunga
චන්ද්‍රිකා බණ්ඩාරනායක කුමාරතුංග
சந்திரிகா பண்டாரநாயக்கே குமாரதுங்கா
(1945–)
Gampaha
19 August
1994
12 November
1994
Sri Lanka Freedom Party
(People's Alliance)
Wijetunga 14th [4]
1994
Served as the Prime Minister of Sri Lanka for a short period, before contesting in the presidential elections in 1994 and being elected as president.[15]
(6)   Sirimavo Bandaranayake
සිරිමාවො රත්වත්තේ ඩයස් බණ්ඩාරනායක
சிறிமா ரத்வத்தே டயஸ் பண்டாரநாயக்கே
(1916–2000)
National List
14 November
1994
9 August
2000
Sri Lanka Freedom Party
(People's Alliance)
Kumaratunga 14th [4]
 —
Sirimavo Bandaranaike was appointed as the Prime Minister when Chandrika Kumaratunga was appointed as the President of Sri Lanka. She resigned in 2000.[10]
12   Ratnasiri Wickremanayake
රත්නසිරි වික්‍රමනායක
ரத்னசிறி விக்கிரமநாயக்க
(1933–2016)
Kalutara
10 August
2000
7 December
2001
Sri Lanka Freedom Party
(People's Alliance)
Kumaratunga 14th
15th
[4]
2000
Wickremanayake assumed the office of the Prime Minister following the resignation of Sirimavo Bandaranaike.[16]
(10)   Ranil Wickremesinghe
රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහ
ரணில் விக்ரமசிங்க
(1949–)
Colombo
9 December
2001
6 April
2004
United National Party Kumaratunga 16th [4]
2001
Wickremesinghe's term of office ended early when the then president Chandrika Kumaratunga dismissed his government and called for a general election in 2004.[17]
13   Mahinda Rajapaksa
මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ
மகிந்த ராசபக்ச
(1945–)
Hambantota
6 April
2004
19 November
2005
Ministry of Highways Sri Lanka Freedom Party
(United People's Freedom Alliance)
Kumaratunga 17th [4]
2004
Appointed as Prime Minister of the Cabinet that was formed after the elections following the dismissal of Wickremesinghe's government by President Chandrika Kumaratunga. He won the presidential elections in 2005 and assumed the office of the President of Sri Lanka.[18]
(12)   Ratnasiri Wickremanayake
රත්නසිරි වික්‍රමනායක
ரத்னசிறி விக்கிரமநாயக்க
(1933–2016)
National List
19 November
2005
21 April
2010
Sri Lanka Freedom Party
(United People's Freedom Alliance)
Rajapaksa 17th [4]
 —
Appointed as Prime Minister when Rajapaksa assumed the office of the President of Sri Lanka.[16]
14   D. M. Jayaratne
දිසානායක මුදියන්සේලාගේ ජයරත්න
திசாநாயக்க முதியன்சேலாகே ஜயரத்ன
(1931–)
National List
21 April
2010
9 January
2015
Minister of Buddhasasana & Religious Affairs Sri Lanka Freedom Party
(United People's Freedom Alliance)
Rajapaksa 18th [4]
2010
Appointed as Prime Minister after the parliamentary election held in April 2010 was won by the incumbent Freedom Party.
(10)   Ranil Wickremesinghe
රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහ
ரணில் விக்ரமசிங்க
(1949–)
Colombo
9 January
2015
26 October
2018
Minister of National Policies and Economic Affairs United National Party
Sirisena 18th [4]
2015 19th
Appointed as Prime Minister by President Maithripala Sirisena after winning 2015 presidential election and was re-elected in the 2015 parliamentary election. 2018 Sri Lankan constitutional crisis
(13)   Mahinda Rajapaksa
මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ
மகிந்த ராசபக்ச
(1945–)
Kurunegala
26 October
2018
15 December
2018
Minister of Finance and Economic Affairs Sri Lanka Podujana Peramuna
(United People's Freedom Alliance)
Sirisena 19th [4]
Appointed by Sirisena. Removed from a No confidence motion. [19] Duties suspended by Court.[20] [[2018 Sri Lankan constitutional crisis

]]

(10)   Ranil Wickremesinghe
රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහ
ரணில் விக்ரமசிங்க
(1949–)
Colombo
16 December
2018
Incumbent Minister of National Policies and Economic Affairs United National Party Sirisena 19th [4]
Re-appointed as Prime Minister after the 2018 Sri Lankan constitutional crisis.

Living former Prime MinistersEdit

Prime Minister Term of office Date of birth
Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga 1994–1994 (1945-06-29) 29 June 1945 (age 74)
Disanayaka Mudiyanselage Jayaratne 2010–2015 (1931-06-04) 4 June 1931 (age 88)
Mahinda Rajapaksa 2004–2005/2018 (1945-11-18) 18 November 1945 (age 73)

The most recent death of a former Prime Minister was that of Ratnasiri Wickremanayake (2000–2001/2005-2010) on 27 December 2016, aged 83.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Thomas, Kris (21 November 2016). "Of Ministers' Salaries And Parliamentary Perks". Roar.lk. Retrieved 30 August 2017.
  2. Thomas, Kavindya Chris (20 November 2016). "Do MPs get fat salaries?". Ceylontoday.lk. Ceylon Today. Retrieved 30 August 2017.
  3. Ranil Wickremesinghe sworn in as Prime Minister
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 4.19 4.20 4.21 4.22 "Prime Ministers". Parliament.lk. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  5. "Senanayake, Don Stephen (1884–1952)" Archived 27 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine . The History Channel. Retrieved 2008-10-04.
  6. Buddhika Kurukularatne (2007-06-19). "Dudley – the reluctant Prince" Archived 3 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine. Daily Mirror. Retrieved 2008-10-04.
  7. K. T. Rajasingham (2001-11-17). "Sri Lanka: The Untold Story". Asia Times Online. Retrieved 2008-10-06.
  8. "Bandaranaike, Solomon West Ridgeway Dias". history.com. Retrieved 2008-10-04.
  9. "Short Term". Time. 1959-12-14. Retrieved 2008-10-11.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 "Sirimavo Bandaranaike: First woman premier". BBC News. 2000-10-10. Retrieved 2008-10-04.
  11. Neville de Silva. "A Prime Minister who knew his onions" Archived 29 January 2008 at the Wayback Machine . UK Lanka Times. Retrieved 2008-10-06.
  12. "Former Sri Lanka president dies, leaves mixed legacy"[dead link]. CNN. 1996-11-01. Retrieved 2008-10-04.
  13. Barbara Crossette (1988-12-21). "MAN IN THE NEWS: Ranasinghe Premadasa; Sri Lankan At the Top". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-10-05.
  14. "Profile: Ranil Wickramasinghe". BBC News. 2005-11-22. Retrieved 2008-10-04.
  15. "Hon Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga (1994–2005)" Archived 3 June 2004 at the Wayback Machine . The official website of the Government of Sri Lanka. Retrieved 2008-10-04.
  16. 16.0 16.1 V.S. Sambandan (2005-11-22). "Ratnasiri Wickremanayake appointed Sri Lankan Premier". The Hindu. Retrieved 2008-10-04.
  17. "Sri Lanka" Archived 22 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine . The History Channel. Retrieved 2008-10-04.
  18. "President's Profile" Archived 4 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine . The President's Fund of Sri Lanka. Retrieved 2008-10-04.
  19. Sri Lanka parliament passes no-confidence motion against Mahinda Rajapaksa | world news | Hindustan Times
  20. SC grants leave to proceed with Mahinda’s appeal