List of federal political parties in Canada

Wikimedia list article

The following is a list of political parties which run for national federal office in Canada.

House of CommonsEdit

Political parties represented in the House of Commons

Name Founded Ideology Leader MPs as of 2021 Largest MP caucus Political position
  Liberal Party of Canada
Parti libéral du Canada
1867 Liberalism, social liberalism Justin Trudeau
159 / 338
 
179 / 245
(1940)[a]
Centre to centre-left
  Conservative Party of Canada 
Parti conservateur du Canada
2003 Conservatism, economic liberalism Pierre Poilievre
119 / 338
 
166 / 308
(2011)
Centre-right to right-wing
  Bloc Québécois 1991 Quebec sovereignty, social democracy, regionalism Yves-François Blanchet
32 / 338
 
54 / 295
(1993)[b]
Centre-left
  New Democratic Party
Nouveau Parti démocratique
1961 Social democracy Jagmeet Singh
25 / 338
 
103 / 308
(2011)
Centre-left to left-wing
  Green Party of Canada
Le Parti Vert du Canada
1983 Green politics Amita Kuttner (interim)
2 / 338
 
3 / 338
(2019)

Other partiesEdit

Other parties registered with Elections Canada

Unregistered parties that have been active in recent yearsEdit

NotesEdit

  1. In 2015, the Liberal Party held 184 seats; the most in its history. However, at that time there were 338 seats total, so the proportion of seats held by the party was smaller than it was in 1940.
  2. The Bloc Québécois also won 54 seats in the 2004 election, but at the time there were 308 seats total, so the proportion of seats held by the party was smaller than it was in 1993.