The Oder River (German: Oder; Czech/Polish: Odra) is a river in Central Europe. It starts in the Czech Republic and flows through Poland and Germany. It forms 187 kilometers of the border between Poland and Germany. The river is 854 kilometres long and ends in the Szczecin Lagoon in the Baltic Sea.
The Oder River, seen between Kienitz and Zollbrücke in Germany
|Countries||Czech Republic, Poland, Germany|
|- location||Oderské vrchy, Silesia, Czech Republic|
|- location||Baltic Sea, Poland|
|Length||854 km (531 mi)|
|Basin||118,861 km² (45,892 sq mi)|
|- average||574 m³/s (20,271 cu ft/s)|
The Oder River has different names in different languages. Most of these names are very similar, or almost the same:
- English and German: Oder
- Czech, Polish, and Lower Sorbian: Odra
- Upper Sorbian: Wódra
- Kashubian: Òdra
The Oder is 854 km long. 112 km pass through the Czech Republic. 742 km pass through Poland. 187 km make up part of the border between Germany and Poland.
The Oder is the second-longest river in Poland. (The Vistula is the longest river.)
It begins in a watershed in the Oder Mountains that is 118,861 km². This basin is mostly in Poland, but a little bit is in the Czech Republic and Germany. The river runs through five voivodeships in Poland, and two states in Germany.
The river ends in the Szczecin Lagoon near Police, Poland. Here the Oder splits into three other rivers: the Dziwna River, the Świna River, and the Peene River. These three rivers start in Szczecin Lagoon and end Bay of Pomerania in the Baltic Sea.
The Oder passes through 28 major cities and towns. These are:
- Ostrava – Bohumín – Racibórz – Kędzierzyn-Koźle – Krapkowice – Opole – Brzeg – Oława – Jelcz-Laskowice – Wrocław – Brzeg Dolny – Ścinawa – Szlichtyngowa – Głogów – Bytom Odrzański – Nowa Sól – Krosno Odrzańskie – Eisenhüttenstadt – Frankfurt (Oder) – Słubice – Kostrzyn – Cedynia – Schwedt – Vierraden – Gartz – Gryfino – Szczecin – Police
After the river splits, the Dziwna River branch passes through 3 towns:
The Świna River branch passes through:
The Peene River branch passes through:
These towns sit on the Szczecin Lagoon:
- Encyclopædia Britannica's 9th edition 1870–1890: Oder
- "Oder River." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica, 2011. Web. 15 May. 2011. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/425072/Oder-River>.