group of western Punjabi dialects

Pahari-Pothwari is an Indo-Aryan language of Pakistan and India. It has many names, such as Pahari, Pothwari, Pothohari, Punjabi, Mirpuri.

Potwari, Potowari
Native toPakistan, India
RegionPothohar region, Azad Kashmir and Poonch (Jammu and Kashmir)
EthnicityPotohari people
Native speakers
several million
Language codes
ISO 639-3phr (includes other dialects)
Glottologpaha1251  Pahari Potwari
mirp1238  Mirpur Panjabi

Sometimes these Northern Lahnda dialects along with Hindko are submerged under the overall term Panjistani. It is a dialect of Lahnda, Western Punjabi. [1]

In Kashmir, speakers of Pahari-Pothwari are known as Pahari people

In the Pothwar Plateau or Northern Panjab, speakers of Pothwari are known as North Punjabis or Panjistanis.

Places change

Within Pakistan, it is spoken in the Pothohar Plateau and Azad Kashmir and overlaps between these two regions. It is influenced by Sanskrit owing to the numerals which are ik do tre in Pothwari as opposed to ik do tin in Punjabi or ek do teen in Hindustani (Hindi/Urdu).[2]:838 [3]:46

Numbers change

  1. ik
  2. do
  3. tre
  4. čar
  5. panj
  6. čae
  7. sat
  8. att
  9. nou
  10. das

References change

  1. "Punjabi University, Patiala". Archived from the original on 2017-07-31. Retrieved 2011-03-29.
  2. Rahman, Tariq. 1997. Language and Ethnicity in Pakistan. Asian Survey, 1997 Sep., 37(9):833-839.
  3. Javaid, Umbreen. 2004. Saraiki political movement: its impact in south Punjab. Journal of Research (Humanities), 40(2): 55–65. Lahore: Faculty of Arts and Humanities, University of the Punjab. (This PDF contains multiple articles from the same issue.)