Proportional representation

voting system that makes outcomes proportional to vote totals

Proportional representation is a system used to elect a country's government. If a party wins over 50% of the vote, it wins over 50% of the seats and can form a government.

Countries which use proportional representation include: Austria, Argentina, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland and Turkey.

Countries which have systems that are similar or use semi-proportional representation include: Australia, Germany, Hungary, India, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand,Scotland, Thailand and Wales. India is one of the most successful examples of a country with proportional representation.


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