Richmond (//) is the capital of the Commonwealth of Virginia, in the United States. It is an independent city and not part of any county. The population within the city limits was 204,214 in 2010, with an estimated population of 1,258,251 for the Richmond Metropolitan Area — making it the third largest in Virginia.
|City of Richmond|
Sic Itur Ad Astra ("Thus do we reach the stars")
Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia
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|County||None (independent city)|
|Named for||Richmond, London|
|• Mayor||Levar Stoney (D)|
|• City||62.5 sq mi (162 km2)|
|• Land||60.1 sq mi (156 km2)|
|• Water||2.5 sq mi (6 km2)|
|Elevation||166.45 ft (45.7 m)|
|• City||227,032 (98th)|
|• Density||3,777.57/sq mi (1,458.53/km2)|
|• Metro||1,263,617 (44th)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
23173, 23218–23242, 23249–23250, 23255, 23260–23261, 23269, 23273–23274, 23276, 23278–23279, 23282, 23284–23286, 23288–23295, 23297–23298
|GNIS feature ID||1499957|
1071 to 1501 – Richmond: a castle town in Yorkshire, UK.
1501 to 1742 – Richmond, a palace town in Surrey, UK.
1742 to present – Richmond, Virginia.
Richmond is at the fall line of the James River, 108 miles (174 km) south of Washington DC, 71 miles (114 km) east of Charlottesville, Virginia, and 54 miles (87 km) west of Williamsburg, Virginia. Surrounded by Henrico and Chesterfield counties, the city is at the intersections of Interstate 95 and Interstate 64, and encircled by Interstate 295 and Virginia State Route 288.
Richmond began as an important village of the Powhatan Confederacy, and was briefly settled by English colonists from Jamestown in 1609, and in 1610–11. English settlers returned to found a permanent town in 1737. It became the capital of the Colony and Dominion of Virginia in 1780. During the Revolutionary War period, the city was known for Patrick Henry's "Give me liberty or give me death" speech in 1775 at St. John's Church, and the passage of the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom written by Thomas Jefferson. During the American Civil War, Richmond served as the capital of the Confederate States of America. The city entered the 20th century with one of the world's first successful electric streetcar systems.
Richmond's economy is primarily driven by law, finance, and government. It has federal, state, and local governmental agencies in its downtown. The downtown also has offices for legal and banking firms. The city is home to both the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, one of 13 federal appellate courts, and the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, one of 12 regional Federal Reserve Banks. Dominion Resources, Carmax, Genworth Financial, and MeadWestvaco, Fortune 500 companies, along with Massey Energy and Universal Corporation, Fortune 1000 companies, are headquartered in the city. The historic sites in the area bring tourists.
- City Connection, Office of the Press Secretary to the Mayor. Richmondgov.com. January–March 2010 edition. Retrieved February 8, 2010.
- Civil War Richmond – The South's Capital – Virginia Is For Lovers. Virginia.org (May 18, 2012). Retrieved on 2013-08-21.
- Griset, Rich. (August 9, 2013) One of the most extensive collections of Eskimo folk art is right here in Richmond.. Style Weekly. Retrieved on 2013-08-21.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- 2010 U.S. Census Data: Virginia. Retrieved February 16, 2011.
- "Weldon Cooper Center 2010 Census Count Retrieved January 28, 2011". Coopercenter.org. July 11, 2011. Retrieved November 1, 2011.
- "Fortune 500 2009: States: Virginia Companies." Fortune Magazine via CNN.com. May 4, 2009. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
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