Sabaneta, Santiago Rodríguez

place in Santiago Rodríguez, Dominican Republic

San Ignacio de Sabaneta is a city and municipality in northwestern Dominican Republic. It is the main city of the Santiago Rodríguez province. It is usually called only Sabaneta or Santiago Rodríguez.

Sabaneta
Municipality
San Ignacio de Sabaneta
Coat of arms of Sabaneta
Coat of arms
Sabaneta is located in the Dominican Republic
Sabaneta
Sabaneta
Coordinates: 19°29′0″N 71°21′0″W / 19.48333°N 71.35000°W / 19.48333; -71.35000Coordinates: 19°29′0″N 71°21′0″W / 19.48333°N 71.35000°W / 19.48333; -71.35000
Country Dominican Republic
ProvinceSantiago Rodríguez
Founded1844
Municipality since1858
Municipal DistrictsNone
Area
 • Total801.4 km2 (309.4 sq mi)
Elevation124 m (407 ft)
Population
 (2010)[1]
 • Total34,540
 • Density43/km2 (110/sq mi)
 • Urban
15,648
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (AST)
Distance95 km (59 mi) to Santiago
245 km (152 mi) to Santo Domingo

HistoryEdit

The town was founded in 1844 by Santiago Rodríguez and others in a small savanna (Sabaneta means a "small savanna") north of the Cordillera Central mountain range. In 1854, the town was elevated to the category Military Post and in 1858 it became a municipality of the Santiago province.[3]

San Ignacio de Sabaneta was the centre of the fight against the Spanish soldiers during the first period of the Restoration War (1863-1865).

When in 1879 Monte Cristi became a province, San Ignacio de Sabaneta was made a municipality of that new province. When the new province of Santiago Rodríguez was created in 1948, San Ignacio de Sabaneta was made the head municipality of the province.

PopulationEdit

The city had, in 2010, a total population of 34,540: 17,935 men and 16,605 women. The urban population was 45.3% of the total population.[1]

GeographyEdit

San Ignacio de Sabaneta is on the northern side of the Cordillera Central ("Central mountain range") and has a total area of 801.4 km2 (309 sq mi), about 69.8% of the total area of the province of Santiago Rodríguez.[1] The city is an elevation of 124 m (407 ft),[2] and at 245 km (152 mi) to the northwest of Santo Domingo.

It does not have any municipal district (a municipal district is a subdivision of a municipality).[4]

The municipality of San Ignacio de Sabaneta has the Monte Cristi province to the north, the municipality of Monción to the northwest, the Santiago province to the west, the San Juan province to the southeast, the Elías Piña province to the south and the municipality of Villa Los Almácigos and the Dajabón province to the west.

ClimateEdit

San Ignacio de Sabaneta has a tropical wet and dry/savanna climate (Köppen-Geiger classification: Aw) with a pronounced dry season in winter.[5]

The average amount of rainfall for the year in the city is 1,187.9 mm (46.8 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is May with 202.2 mm (8.0 in) of rainfall, followed by October with 149.3 mm (5.9 in).

The driest season is winter. The month with the least rainfall on average is January with an average of 33 mm (1.3 in) and the second is December with 35.3 mm (1.4 in).

San Ignacio de Sabaneta is in a warm region; the average temperature for the year is 26.2 °C (79.2 °F). The warmest month, on average, is August with an average temperature of 27.6 °C (81.7 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 24.2 °C (75.6 °F).

Climate data for San Ignacio de Sabaneta (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31.3
(88.3)
32.1
(89.8)
32.6
(90.7)
32.7
(90.9)
33.0
(91.4)
33.5
(92.3)
34.2
(93.6)
34.3
(93.7)
33.9
(93.0)
33.5
(92.3)
32.2
(90.0)
31.1
(88.0)
32.9
(91.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.2
(75.6)
24.9
(76.8)
25.6
(78.1)
26.1
(79.0)
26.2
(79.2)
27.1
(80.8)
27.6
(81.7)
27.6
(81.7)
27.3
(81.1)
27
(81)
25.6
(78.1)
24.4
(75.9)
26.1
(79.1)
Average low °C (°F) 17.1
(62.8)
17.7
(63.9)
18.5
(65.3)
19.5
(67.1)
20.5
(68.9)
20.7
(69.3)
20.9
(69.6)
20.9
(69.6)
20.6
(69.1)
20.4
(68.7)
19.0
(66.2)
17.7
(63.9)
19.5
(67.0)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 33.0
(1.30)
36.9
(1.45)
43.6
(1.72)
125.7
(4.95)
202.2
(7.96)
149.2
(5.87)
75.8
(2.98)
88.8
(3.50)
141.8
(5.58)
149.3
(5.88)
106.3
(4.19)
35.3
(1.39)
1,187.9
(46.77)
Source #1: NOAA[6]
Source #2: Climatemps.com[5]

EconomyEdit

The main economic activity of the municipality is farming: tobacco and cattle raising for milk.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2010" (PDF) (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadística. June 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 De la Fuente, Santiago (1976). Geografía Dominicana (in Spanish). Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana.
  3. Pouerié Cordero, Manuel M. (1997). Síntesis de Ciudades, Pueblos e Islas del País (in Spanish). Santo Domingo, República Dominicana: Impresora Mary.
  4. "División Territorial 2015" (PDF) (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadística (ONE). October 2015. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Santiago R. Climate & Temperature". Climatemps.com. Retrieved 2 December 2016.
  6. "Santiago R. Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2 December 2016.


Provincial capitals of the Dominican Republic  
AzuaBaníBarahonaBonaoComendadorCotuíDajabónEl SeiboHato MayorHigüeyJimaníLa RomanaLa VegaMaoMocaMonte CristiMonte PlataNaguaNeibaPedernalesPuerto PlataSabanetaSalcedoSamanáSan CristóbalSan Francisco de MacorísSan José de OcoaSan Juan de la MaguanaSan Pedro de MacorísSantiago de los CaballerosSanto DomingoSanto Domingo Este