Scottsdale (O'odham: Vaṣai S-vaṣonĭ; Yaqui: Eskatel) is a city in the southwestern part of the state of Arizona in the United States. In 2000 there were 202,705 people living in Scottsdale which made it the 83rd largest city in the United States. In 2005 the Census Bureau said that more people were living in Scottsdale, about 226,000 people, this makes it the 80th largest city in the US.
|City of Scottsdale|
Downtown Scottsdale Waterfront
"The West's Most Western Town" (official)
Location of Scottsdale in Maricopa County, Arizona.
|Named for||Winfield Scott|
|• Mayor||Jim Lane (R)|
|• Total||184.41 sq mi (477.63 km2)|
|• Land||183.94 sq mi (476.41 km2)|
|• Water||0.47 sq mi (1.22 km2)|
|Elevation||1,257 ft (380 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||US: 92nd|
|• Density||1,340.88/sq mi (517.72/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-7 (MST (no DST))|
The city is in the Salt River Valley, or the, "Valley of the Sun", in the northern Sonoran Desert. To the east and northeast of Scottsdale is the McDowell Mountain Range. Scottsdale borders the city of Phoenix and town of Paradise Valley to the west, Tempe to the south, and Fountain Hills to the east.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 477.7 km² (184.4 mi²). 477.1 km² (184.2 mi²) of it is land and 0.6 km² (0.2 mi²) of it (0.12%) is water.
Scottsdale's climate is arid. Winters are mild and summers are very hot. The lowest temperature ever recorded in the city is 19.0 °F (−7.2 °C), on February 20, 1955, and the highest temperature ever recorded is 119.0 °F (48.3 °C), on June 26, 1970 and August 2, 1972.
History and CultureEdit
There are many businesses in Scottsdale. Many of them are in a business park known as The Scottsdale Air Park. Some of these companies are: AXA, GE Capital, DHL, Discount Tire Company, Tempo Creative, Fidelity Investments, JDA Software and The Vanguard Group.
Scottsdale is seen as an upscale tourist and shopping destination. It is also known as a good model of western American style. The New York Times described downtown Scottsdale as "a desert version of Miami's South Beach." The Times article also stated there was "plenty of late night partying and a buzzing hotel scene".
Scottsdale is governed by a mayor and city council, all of whom are elected "at large" to represent the entire city. A city manager is responsible for the leadership of the city staff. He also helps carry out the council policies, develops programs and budgets to respond to council goals, and makes sure that people get effective and efficient city services. The city manager also serves as the city treasurer.
The current mayor is Jim Lane.
Public education in Scottsdale is provided by the Scottsdale Unified School District. Some parts of the town fall under other school districts in the Phoenix Metro Area, including the Cave Creek Unified School District, Paradise Valley Unified School District, Phoenix Union High School District, Tempe Union High School District, and the Balsz Elementary School District
There are five major high schools in Scottsdale: Arcadia High School, Chaparral High School, Coronado High School, Desert Mountain High School, and Saguaro High School.
The primary college in the city is Scottsdale Community College. The college actually lies inside the Salt River Pima Maricopa Indian Reservation. Many students also commute to nearby Arizona State University in Tempe, Arizona. Penn Foster College, a distance education college, is based in Scottsdale 
Scottsdale is also home of the International School of Arizona, a non-profit language school that teaches children who speak a foreign language (French or Spanish).
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 18, 2017.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Scottsdale, Arizona
- "Scottsdale Weather: Records & Averages." Yahoo! Retrieved on April 30, 2007.
- Myers, Patricia Seitters, Scottsdale: Jewel in the Desert
- DHL Arizona
- Scottsdale Web Design
- Scottsdale Airpark News Business Directory
- The 31 Places to Go This Summer - NYTimes.com
- Scarp, Mark (December 4, 2008). "Gonzales left his creative imprint on Scottsdale". East Valley Tribune. Retrieved January 4, 2009.
- Penn Foster College
- Scottsdale Public Library Locations and Hours
- The Appaloosa Library
- "Interactive City Directory: Scottsdale, Arizona". Sister Cities International, Inc. Retrieved March 28, 2013.
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