Sher Shah Suri
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Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 22 May 1545) (birth name Farid Khan, but also known as Sher Khan), was the founder of the short lived Pashtun Suri or Sur, kingdom in the Indian subcontinent, with its capital at Delhi.
The title 'Sher Khan' was impressed upon him after he wins against a lion while serving under Afghan noble Bahar Khan Lohani. Farid Khan was a talented and fearless soldier.His father Hasan Khan Sur was a jagirdar under Bahar Khan Lohani, a noble who served under the ruler of Delhi. Sher khan succeeded his father to become the Jagirdar and soon, rebels and successfully overthrows the Mughal Empire Emperor Humayun in 1540. He ruled until his death in 1545 when he died in a gunpowder explosion. He left a strong empire to his son Islam Shah, who ruled for nine years and was succeeded by his son Feroz Khan who was murdered. His son and followers could not keep for long the control of the kingdom and in 1555 the Mughal prince Humayun recaptures the territory and reinstates himself as Emperor after defeating Islam Shah this ending the Suri dynasty.
Sher Shah Suri defeated the Mughal ruler Humayun twice and captured Delhi. Soon after becoming king Sher Shah Suri raised a large army and captured Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal.
Sher Shah was a good general and administrator. He introduced a new currency, a silver coin known as 'Rupia'. He reduced custom duties and built an excellent connection of roads, including Grand Trunk Road in Bihar, which was 1,600 miles (2500 Kilometers) long. Sher Shah was a secular ruler who practised tolerance and welfare.