President of Russia

head of state of the RSFSR (office established in 1991) and Russia

The President of Russia is the head of state and head of the executive of the central government of Russia and the commander in chief of the Russian Armed Forces.

President of the Russian Federation
Президент Российской Федерации
Russian Coat of Arms
Russian presidential standard
Vladimir Putin

since 7 May 2012
Governance of Russia
Executive branch in Russian Politics
StyleMr. President
Comrade Supreme Commander
(among the Military)
His Excellency [1]
StatusFederal Head of State
Member ofState Council
Security Council
Supreme Eurasian Economic Council
ResidenceKremlin Senate
Grand Kremlin Palace
SeatMoscow Kremlin, Moscow
NominatorPolitical parties or self-nomination
AppointerDirect popular vote
Term lengthsix years, renewable once
Constituting instrumentRussian Constitution
PrecursorPresident of the Soviet Union
Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Russian SFSR
  • Passage of presidency law:
    24 April 1991 [2]
  • Constitutional amendments:
    24 May 1991 [3]
  • First inauguration:
    10 July 1991
(Modern status is defined by the Constitution, adopted on 12 December 1993)
First holderBoris Yeltsin
as first President of the Russian Federation (10 July 1991)
Salary3.6 million rubles annually
Websiteпрезидент.рф (in Russian) (in English)

The current president is Vladimir Putin. Boris Yeltsin was the first president of Russia, Vladimir Putin was second and fourth, and Dmitry Medvedev was the third. The President's duties are listed in the 1993 Russian Constitution. The president directs the foreign and domestic policy of the Russian Federation.

The first inauguration took place on 10 July 1991 following the collapse of the Soviet Union. Mikhail Gorbachev having to resign sealed the fate of the Soviet Union. The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the Russian Federation.[4]

Inauguration of the President of Russia is done six years after the last inauguration (since 2000, this 7th of May).

In case of the President's death, resignation or removal from office, the Prime Minister serves as acting president until a replacement is appointed.

List of presidents

Number Image Name Term of office Length of term
1   Boris Yeltsin
July 12, 1991– December 31, 1999
8 years, 174 days
2   Vladimir Putin
(b. 1952)
December 31, 1999– May 7, 2008 8 years, 128 days
3   Dmitry Medvedev
(b. 1965)
May 7, 2008– May 7, 2012 4 years, 0 days
(2)   Vladimir Putin
(b. 1952)
May 7, 2012–present
(mandate expires on May 7, 2024)
12 years, 38 days

Living former Presidents


As of June 2024, one former president is alive:

Image Name Term of office Age
  Dmitry Medvedev 2008–2012 58 years, 274 days

The most recent president to die was Boris Yeltsin, who died on April 23, 2007.


  1. "UNITED NATIONS HEADS OF STATE HEADS OF GOVERNMENT MINISTERS FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS Protocol and Liaison Service" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-09-27. Retrieved 2012-11-16.
  2. RSFSR Law "On President of the Russian SFSR
  3. RSFSR Law on amendments to the Constitution of the RSFSR
  4. "Collapse of the Soviet Union". HISTORY. Retrieved 2022-02-24.

Other websites