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UK Independence Party

British political party
(Redirected from UKIP)

The United Kingdom Independence Party (often called UKIP, said "you-kipp") is a political party in the United Kingdom. Its policies promote conservatism, national conservatism, and Euroscepticism. Their main policy is for the UK to leave the European Union.

UK Independence Party
AbbreviationUKIP
LeaderRichard Braine[1]
Deputy LeaderVacant
ChairmanKirstan Herriot
Deputy ChairmanVacant
FounderAlan Sked
Founded3 September 1993; 26 years ago (1993-09-03)
Preceded byAnti-Federalist League
HeadquartersLexdrum House
Unit 1
King Charles Business Park
Old Newton Road
Heathfield
Newton Abbot
TQ12 6UT[2]
Youth wingYoung Independence
Membership (2019)Increase 29,000[3]
IdeologyHard Euroscepticism[4]
Right-wing populism[5]
Economic liberalism[6]
British nationalism[7]
Political positionRight-wing[8] to far-right[9][10]
(2018–present)

Historical:
Single-issue (1993–1997)
Right-wing[11] (1997–2018)
International affiliationNone
Colours          Purple, yellow
House of Lords
1 / 778
National Assembly for Wales
2 / 60
Local government[12]
62 / 20,249
Website
www.ukip.org
Nigel Farage was the leader of the UK Independence Party until July 2016

The party was founded in 1993, and they first won seats in the European Parliament in 1999. They won 3 seats in 1999, which was increased to 12 in 2004 and 13 in 2009. It is now 9. The party does not do well under Britain's 'First-past-the-post' system of elections and only has one seat in the British House of Commons, although they received 3.8 million votes (12.6% of the total vote) at the 2015 UK general election.

Supporters of UKIP mostly believe in the following things:

  • - The United Kingdom should leave the European Union.
  • - There should be more referendums on certain issues.
  • - British people should not have to carry ID cards.

In 2008 UKIP banned people who used to be members of the British National Party (BNP) from joining.

On 9 October 2014 Douglas Carswell became UKIP's first elected MP.[13] Carswell quit the party in March 2017.[14]

May 2014 local electionsEdit

In the May 2014 local elections UKIP got 30% of the vote in Sunderland.[15] The party gained 155 local council seats across the country.[16]

2015 general electionEdit

UKIP came third in the May 2015 general election, after the Labour Party and the Conservative Party. The party got 12.9% of the vote and gained one seat.

2017 general electionEdit

In the 2017 general election, UKIP's share of the vote went down to 1.8 and they didn't win any seats. The next day UKIP's leader Paul Nuttall resigned.

Current membersEdit

There are currently over 20,000 people who are members of the UKIP.

Gerard Batten becomes leader (2018)Edit

In February 2018 Gerard Batten become leader of the party firstly on an interim basis before winning the UKIP leadership election in April 2018 unopposed.[17]

2018 UK local electionsEdit

In the 2018 UK local elections UKIP lost 124 of the 126 seats it was defending, and gained a single seat in Derby.[18]

Accusations of embracing the far-rightEdit

Since the election of Batten as leader of the party there have been accusations that UKIP is embracing the far-right. Those saying the party was moving to the right began early in Battern's leadership when he began to focus the party around rejecting Islamic ideology and when a quote arose of Battern calling Islam a "death cult".[19] In September 2018 Battern was also criticised for attending an anti-Muslim rally in Sunderland.[20] These accusations grew much stronger after the far-right activist Tommy Robinson was appointed an advisor to Battern in November 2018.[21] This led to many of UKIP's MEPs and former party leaders Nigel Farage and Paul Nuttall to leave the party, as well as the party's leader in Scotland.[22][23][24][25]

SourcesEdit

  1. "UK Independence Party (UKIP)". Facebook. Retrieved 15 August 2019.
  2. "View registration - the Electoral Commission".
  3. Gerard Batten Interview (Marr). 14 April 2018. https://twitter.com/BBCPolitics/status/1117358868328116229. 
  4. Lynch, Whitaker & Loomes 2012, p. 733; Tournier-Sol 2015, pp. 141–42.
  5. Abedi & Lundberg 2009, p. 72; Jones 2011, p. 245; Dolezal 2012, p. 142; Liebert 2012, p. 123; Art 2011, p. 188; Driver 2011, p. 149.
  6. Nordsieck, Wolfram (2017). "United Kingdom". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 3 May 2018.
  7. "Key Points About a Snap Election in Britain". New York Times. 18 April 2018.
  8. Schindler, Jörg (16 May 2019). "'We Want Fundamental Political Change'". Spiegel. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  9. Walker, Peter; Halliday, Josh (3 March 2019). "Revealed: Ukip membership surge shifts party to far right". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  10. Goodwin, Matthew (3 February 2019). "Angry Brexiteers are splitting into factions as Ukip is taken over by far-right extremists". The Times. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  11. Tournier-Sol 2015, p. 147.
  12. "Local Council Political Compositions". Open Council Data UK. 23 January 2018. Archived from the original on 30 September 2017. Retrieved 17 May 2019. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  13. "UKIP win gives party first elected MP". 10 October 2014 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  14. "Douglas Carswell quitting UKIP". 25 March 2017. Retrieved 25 March 2017 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  15. Robinson, Nick (23 May 2014). "The UKIP earthquake - first tremors" – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  16. Erlanger, Steven; Castle, Stephen (23 May 2014). "Britain's Discontent Lifts Populist Party to Even Stronger Vote Tally Than Expected" – via NYTimes.com.
  17. UKIP confirms Gerard Batten as new leader. SKY news. Published 14 April 2018. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
  18. "England local elections 2018". BBC News. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
  19. Ukip leader plans to move party towards hard right. The Guardian. Author - Peter Walker. Published 1 May 2018. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
  20. Ukip faces 'utter marginalisation' if it embraces far right politics, Nigel Farage warns. The Independent. Auhtor - Thomas Hornall. Published 20 September 2018. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
  21. Ukip returns to infighting after Tommy Robinson appointment. The Guardian. Authors - Peter Walker and Simon Murphy. Published 23 November 2018. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
  22. Former leader Nigel Farage quits UKIP. BBC News. Published 4 December 2018. Retrieved 12 Decemebr 2018.
  23. Paul Nuttall quits: Second former UKIP leader resigns from party along with Scottish MEP David Coburn as Tommy Robinson row continues. Evening Standard. Author - Jacob Jarvis. Published 7 December 2018. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
  24. Ex-UKIP leader Paul Nuttall quits party over Tommy Robinson role. SKY news. Published 7 December 2018. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
  25. UKIP: Scottish leader David Coburn quits over 'extremism'. BBC News. Published 7 December 2018. Retrieved 12 December 2018.

Other websitesEdit