Umayyad conquest of Hispania
The conquest destroyed the Visigothic Kingdom and set up the Emirate of Cordova under Abd ar-Rahman I. This completed al-Andalus, the unification of Muslim-ruled Iberia (756–788). The conquest was the westernmost expansion of the Umayyad Caliphate and Muslim rule into Europe. Charles Martel defeated them in the Battle of Tours, so they did not conquer France.
The Umayyad Caliphate in Damascus was overthrown around 750 AD, but continued in al-Andalus until 1031.
- Collins, Roger 1989. The Arab conquest of Spain 710-797. Oxford, UK / Cambridge, USA: Blackwell. p. 97. ISBN 0-631-19405-3
- "Maroc et Espagne: une histoire commune publié par Fundación El Legado Andalusí". Books google. Retrieved 26 May 2010.