Yang di-Pertuan Agong

Head of state and elective constitutional monarch of Malaysia

The Yang di-Pertuan Agong (literally 'He Who is Made Lord',[2] Jawi: يڠ دڤرتوان اݢوڠ), also known as the Supreme Head or the King, is the monarch and head of state of Malaysia. The office was created in 1957, when the Federation of Malaya (now Malaysia) gained independence from the United Kingdom. Malaysia is a constitutional monarchy with an elected monarch as head of state. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong is one of the few elected monarchs in the world. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong is a ruling Sultan of a Malaysian state, and is elected for a term of five years.[3]

Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia
يڠ دڤرتوان اݢوڠ
Royal arms of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong
Royal standard of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong
Abdullah of Pahang

since 31 January 2019
StyleHis Majesty (Malay: Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Seri Paduka Baginda)
TypeConstitutional elective federal monarchy
StatusElected by rotation in convention
ResidenceIstana Negara, Jalan Duta, Kuala Lumpur
AppointerConference of Rulers (rulers of Malay states)
Term lengthFive years,
not renewable immediately
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Malaysia, Article 32
Inaugural holderTuanku Abdul Rahman
Formation31 August 1957; 66 years ago (1957-08-31)
Unofficial namesKing of Malaysia
DeputySultan Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah
SalaryRM1,054,560.00 per annum
(Civil List Act 1982)[1]

In Malaysia's constitutional monarchy, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong has extensive powers within the constitution on paper. The constitution specifies that the executive power of the Federal government is given to the Yang di-Pertuan Agong. However, he is bound to exercise this power on the advice of the Cabinet or a minister acting under Cabinet authority. The Cabinet is headed by the prime minister, appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong from among the elected members of Parliament. Among them, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong has discretionary powers to choose who he wants as the Prime Minister and is not bound by the decision of the outgoing prime minister if no party has won a majority vote (Article 40). It, however, does not afford him the right and authority to dismiss the prime minister. He also can dismiss or withhold consent to a request for the dissolution of Parliament (Article 40).[4] He may discontinue or dissolve Parliament (Article 55) but he can only dissolve Parliament at the request of the Prime Minister (Article 43). He can reject any new laws or amendments to existing laws but if he still withholds permission, it will automatically become law after 30 days from the initial submission to him (Article 66).[5] The queen consort for the Yang di-Pertuan Agong is known as the Raja Permaisuri Agong and the couple are styled in English as "His Majesty" and "Her Majesty".[6]

The 16th and current Yang di-Pertuan Agong is Al-Sultan Abdullah of Pahang, replacing Sultan Muhammad V of Kelantan, who abdicated on 6 January 2019. He was elected on 24 January, at a special meeting of the Conference of Rulers. He took the oath of office and was sworn in at the Istana Negara on 31 January.[7]

Order of seniority of states Edit

Since the first cycle of ten Yang di-Pertuan Agong (1957–1999), the order among the eligible state rulers has followed the order established by that cycle, namely:

  1.   the Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Negeri Sembilan
  2.   the Sultan of Selangor
  3.   the Raja of Perlis
  4.   the Sultan of Terengganu
  5.   the Sultan of Kedah
  6.   the Sultan of Kelantan
  7.   the Sultan of Pahang
  8.   the Sultan of Johor
  9.   the Sultan of Perak
  10.   the Sultan of Brunei

References Edit

  1. "Act 269 - Civil List Act 1982" (PDF). Attorney-General Chamber. AGC Malaysia. Retrieved 23 January 2019.[permanent dead link]
  2. "Malaysia king: Sultan Muhammad V sworn in". BBC. 13 December 2016.
  3. "Explained: Malaysia is the world's only monarchy of its kind. Here's why". The Indian Express. 2019-08-03. Retrieved 2021-04-23.
  4. "Powers of the king". Archived from the original on 2013-12-19. Retrieved 2019-08-03.
  5. "Constitutional Crisis, Crisis of 1983". Archived from the original on 2019-08-16. Retrieved 2019-08-03.
  6. Royal Ark
  7. Azil, Firdaus; Januari 24, Astro Awani |; Myt, 2019 15:21. "Sultan Pahang sah YDP Agong baharu | Astro Awani". www.astroawani.com (in Malay). Retrieved 2019-01-24.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)