Year 200 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar.
|Millennium:||1st millennium BC|
|Centuries:||3rd century BC – 2nd century BC – 1st century BC|
|Decades:||230s BC 220s BC 210s BC – 200s BC – 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC|
|Years:||203 BC 202 BC 201 BC – 200 BC – 199 BC 198 BC 197 BC|
|200 BC by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Gregorian calendar||200 BC|
|Ab urbe condita||554|
|Ancient Egypt era||XXXIII dynasty, 124|
|- Pharaoh||Ptolemy V Epiphanes, 4|
|Ancient Greek era||145th Olympiad (victor)¹|
|Balinese saka calendar||N/A|
|Chinese calendar||庚子年 (Metal Rat)|
2497 or 2437
— to —
辛丑年 (Metal Ox)
2498 or 2438
|Coptic calendar||−483 – −482|
|Ethiopian calendar||−207 – −206|
|- Vikram Samvat||−143 – −142|
|- Shaka Samvat||N/A|
|- Kali Yuga||2901–2902|
|Iranian calendar||821 BP – 820 BP|
|Islamic calendar||846 BH – 845 BH|
|Minguo calendar||2111 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||112/113 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||343–344|
−73 or −454 or −1226
— to —
−72 or −453 or −1225
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 200 BC.|
- Philip V of Macedon's fleet defeat the Rhodians at Lade. His forces then advance into Pergamum, plundering Pergamese territory and attacking cities in Caria.
- The Acarnanians, with Macedonian support, invade Attica.
- The Roman ambassador to Greece, Syria, and Egypt, Marcus Aemilius Lepidus delivers an ultimatum to Philip V warning Macedonia not to make war on any Greek state. Philip decides to reject the Roman ultimatum and the Romans declare war on Macedon, thus starting the Second Macedonian War.
- The Roman consul, Publius Sulpicius Galba Maximus, asks Attalus I and his fleet to meet up with the Roman fleet off the Greek Aegean coast and they conduct a naval campaign against Philip V, harassing Macedonian possessions in and along the Aegean.
- Roman forces defeat the Gauls of Cisalpine Gaul in the Battle of Cremona.
- The bacchanalia are wild and mystic festivals of the Roman god Bacchus which are introduced into Rome from lower Italy by way of Etruria (approximate date).
- Euthydemus I of the Greco-Bactrian Kingdom dies and is succeeded by his son Demetrius I of Bactria (approximate date).
- The city of Tiwanaku is founded as a village near Lake Titicaca in modern Bolivia (approximate date).
- The Early Horizon period in the Andes comes to an end as the Chavin culture vanishes and is succeeded by the Nazca culture (approximate date).
- The construction of the Wei-Yang Palace in the Han Dynasty capital (Chang'an) begins.
- The Hsiung-nu appear on the western borders of China.
- The Han emperor Gaozu is defeated by the Xiongnu in the Battle of Baideng.
- The Great Wall of China was completed.
- Alexander the Great, head from a Hellenistic copy of a statue, possibly after a 4th century BC original by Lysippos is made. It is now kept at the Archeological Museum in Istanbul, Turkey.
- Lost-wax casting is known in China and Mesopotamia (approximate date).
- Roman artists begin trying to produce the illusion of thin slabs of colored marble covering the walls, which are set off by actual architectural moldings and columns, in private houses. These attempts last for 120 years.
- The first good measurement of the distance between Earth and the Sun is made by Eratosthenes (approximate date). By studying lunar eclipses, his result is roughly 150 000 000 km. The currently accepted value is 149 597 870 691 ± 30 metres.