2021 German federal election

general election to the 20th German Bundestag

The 2021 German federal election was held on 26 September 2021.

2021 German federal election

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← List of members of the 19th Bundestag

All 735 seats in the Bundestag, including 137 overhang and leveling seats
368 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Registered61,172,771 Decrease 0.8%
Turnout46,298,338 (76.4%) Increase 0.2 pp
  First party Second party Third party
2021-09-12 Politik, TV-Triell Bundestagswahl 2021 1DX 3801 by Stepro (cropped).jpg
Armin Laschet 2021 (cropped).jpg
Annalena Baerbock (2021) (cropped).jpg
Candidate Olaf Scholz Armin Laschet Annalena Baerbock[b]
Party SPD CDU/CSU Green
Leader's seat Potsdam – Potsdam-Mittelmark II – Teltow-Fläming II[e] North Rhine-Westphalia (list)[f] Brandenburg (list)[c]
Last election 20.5%, 153 seats 32.9%, 246 seats 8.9%, 67 seats
Seats won 206 196 118
Seat change Increase 53 Decrease 50 Increase 51
Popular vote 11,901,556 11,177,746 6,814,401
Percentage 25.7% 24.1% 14.7%[d]
Swing Increase 5.2 pp Decrease 8.8 pp Increase 5.8 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
2020-02-14 Christian Lindner (Bundestagsprojekt 2020) by Sandro Halank–2.jpg
AfD leadership 2021.jpg
Die Linke Leadership 2021.jpg
Candidate Christian Lindner Alice Weidel &
Tino Chrupalla
Janine Wissler &
Dietmar Bartsch
Party FDP AfD Left
Leader's seat North Rhine-Westphalia (list)[j] Baden-Württemberg (list)[k]
Hesse (list)[h]
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (list)[i]
Last election 10.7%, 80 seats 12.6%, 94 seats 9.2%, 69 seats
Seats won 91 83 39
Seat change Increase 11 Decrease 11 Decrease 30
Popular vote 5,291,010 4,809,228 2,255,860
Percentage 11.4% 10.4% 4.9%
Swing Increase 0.7 pp Decrease 2.2 pp Decrease 4.3 pp

Chancellor of Germany before election

Angela Merkel

Chancellor after election

Olaf Scholz



Incumbent Chancellor Angela Merkel announced her retirement from politics in October 2018, by announcing she will not run for re-election for CDU Leader and Chancellor.[2]

These parties have received at least 4% of the national vote in the last German federal election, and are predicted to win seats in this next election.

These parties received at least 0.5% of the national vote in the last German federal election.

Opinion polls



  1. A repeat election was held on 11 February 2024 for 455 precincts in Berlin. The results shown in this article reflect the legal result of the election following the repeat election.
  2. Annalena Baerbock and Robert Habeck are co-lead candidates, while Baerbock is candidate for Chancellor.
  3. Ran in Potsdam – Potsdam-Mittelmark II – Teltow-Fläming II (lost).
  4. The Greens were disqualified from running on the Saarland state list due to irregularities in the selection of list candidates.[1]
  5. Not the incumbent, but stood in this seat and won.
  6. Not the incumbent, but stood in this seat and won.
  7. Bartsch was announced as co-lead candidate on 2 May 2021 but is not party co-leader.
  8. Ran in Frankfurt am Main I (lost).
  9. Ran in Rostock – Landkreis Rostock II (lost).
  10. Ran in Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis (lost).
  11. Ran in Bodensee (lost).
  12. Scholz was nominated as the SPD's Chancellor candidate on 10 August 2020 but is not party leader.
  13. Weidel was elected co-lead candidate on 24 May 2021 but is not party co-leader.
  1. Anderson, Emma (5 August 2021). "German Greens must sit out vote in one state during national election". Politico. Retrieved 27 September 2021.
  2. "Angela Merkel to step down in 2021". BBC News. 2018-10-29. Retrieved 2018-10-29.

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