Arauco Province

province of Chile

The Arauco Province (Spanish: Provincia de Arauco) is one of three provinces of the Chilean region of Bío Bío (VIII). The provincial capital Is the city of Lebu.

Arauco Province

Provincia de Arauco
General view of Lebu
General view of Lebu
Official seal of Arauco Province
Seal
Location in the Bío Bío Region
Arauco, in red, in the Bío Bío Region
Arauco Province is located in Chile
Arauco Province
Arauco Province
Location in Chile
Coordinates: 37°46′S 73°20′W / 37.767°S 73.333°W / -37.767; -73.333Coordinates: 37°46′S 73°20′W / 37.767°S 73.333°W / -37.767; -73.333
Country Chile
RegionBío Bío
CapitalLebu
ComunasArauco, Cañete, Contulmo, Curanilahue, Lebu, Los Álamos, Tirúa
Government
 • TypeProvincial
 • GovernorHumberto Toro Vega
Area
 • Total5,643.3 km2 (2,178.9 sq mi)
Population
 (2002 Census)[2]
 • Total157,255
 • Density28/km2 (72/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-4 (CLT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (CLST)
WebsiteOfficial website

HistoryEdit

In 1852, the old province of Arauco was created with the southern parts of the province of Concepción; it had three departments: Arauco, Laja and Nacimiento.[3]

In 1927, Arauco was eliminated as a province and became again part of the province of Concepción but, in 1934, Arauco was made again a province with the departments Arauco, Cañete and Lebu.[4] When the regions were created in 1975, the Bío Bío region was formed with the Arauco, Biobío, Concepción and Ñuble provinces.

GeographyEdit

The Arauco province is in the southwest of the Bío Bío region along the Pacific Ocean, with an area of 5,643.3 sq mi (14,616 km2).[2] The capital, Lebu, is on the coast about 90 km (56 mi) south of Concepción, the capital of the region.

Arauco is bordered to the north by the Concepción province, to the northeast by the Biobío province, to the east by the Malleco province (Araucanía region), to the south and southwest by the Cautín province (Araucanía region and to the west by the Pacific Ocean.[4]

The Mocha island is a small island that is west of the Arauco province, in the Pacific Ocean. It is part of the comuna of Lebu. It has an area of about 48 km2 (18.5 sq mi).

PopulationEdit

As of 2002 (last national census), there were 157,255 people living in the province, giving it a population density of 27.9 inhabitants/km².[2] The urban population was 117,569 persons (75% of the total).

The largest city in 2002 of the province is Curanilahue with 30,126 inhabitants. Its capital Lebu, has a population of 20,838 inhabitants. Other cities are Cañete (19,839 inhabitants), Arauco (16,291 inhabitants) and Los Álamos (13,035 inhabitants).

AdministrationEdit

As a province, Arauco is a second-level administrative division, consisting of 7 communes (comunas). The city of Lebu serves as the provincial capital. The province is administered by a governor.

Arauco province
Code Comuna Capital Area[2]
(km²)
Population[2]
(2002)
Density
08201 5 Lebu Lebu 561.4 25,035 44.6
08202 1 Arauco Arauco 956.1 34,873 36.5
08203 2 Cañete Cañete 1,089.2 31,270 28.7
08204 3 Contulmo Contulmo 638.8 5,838 9.1
08205 4 Curanilahue Curanilahue 994.3 31,943 32.1
08206 6 Los Álamos Los Álamos 599.1 18,632 31.1
08207 7 Tirúa Tirúa 624.4 9,664 15.5
Total of the Arauco province 5,463.3 157,255 28.8

GalleryEdit

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Conozca al Gobernador". Gobernación - Provincia de Arauco (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 November 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 "Región del Bío-Bío" (PDF). Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas. 2007. Retrieved 13 November 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. "Nace la comuna". Curanilahue (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 28 April 2007. Retrieved 13 November 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Ubicación geográfica". Gobernación - Provincia de Arauco (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 November 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

Other websitesEdit