Castelsarrasin (Occitan: Los Sarrasins) is a commune in the Tarn-et-Garonne department in the Occitanie region of France. It is the second city in Tarn-et-Garonne with more people living in it, after Montauban.
Castelsarrasin town hall
|• Mayor (2014-2020)||Jean-Philippe Bésiers|
|76.77 km2 (29.64 sq mi)|
|• Density||180/km2 (460/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Elevation||61–97 m (200–318 ft) |
(avg. 84 m or 276 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.|
The oldest written example of Castelsarrasin, as Castel Sarracenum, is from the year 961. It was written in the will of Raymond II of Rouergue where he gave the Saint-Sauveur church to the monastery of Moissac.
There were many wars during the early history of the city:
- against the English until the end of the 12th century;
- the Albigensian Crusade during the first part of the 13th century; and
- the Shepherd's Crusade of 1320 when many Jews that lived in the city were killed.
Later, the Hundred Years' War affected the region. Most people that lived in the city were Catholics but many Protestants lived around the city. Fights were common here between those two groups during the French Wars of Religion in the 16th century.
The region was more calm during the following centuries, up to the time of the French Revolution.
From 1790 to 1795, Castelsarrasin was the capital of the District of Castelsarrasin in the Haute-Garonne department. In 1808, when the Tarn-et-Garonne department was created, the arrondissement of Castelsarrasin was made part of the new department.
The communes that are around Castelsarrasin are Saint-Nicolas-de-la-Grave, Moissac, Les Barthes, La Ville-Dieu-du-Temple, Saint-Porquier, Cordes-Tolosannes, Saint-Aignan, Castelferrus and Castelmayran.
Evolution of the population in Castelsarrasin
Castelsarrasin is a subprefecture of the Tarn-et-Garonne department since 1809. It is also the capital of the arrondissement of Castelsarrasin and the administrative centre (French: chef-lieu) of the canton Castelsarrasin with 6 communes and 20,937 inhabitants in 2014.
It is part of the intercommunality Terres des confluences.
Places of interestEdit
Some interesting places in Castelsarrasin are:
People from CastelsarrasinEdit
- "Las comunas de TARN ET GARONA". Toponimia occitana e senhalizacion en occitan (in Occitan). Retrieved 5 July 2014.
- "Création du département de Tarn-et-Garonne". Archives de France. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
- "Castelsarrasin". Map-France.com. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
- "La ville de Castelsarrasin". Annuaire-Mairie.fr (in French). Retrieved 5 July 2013.
- "Castelsarrasin (82100)" (in French). habitants.fr. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
- "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (PDF). Populations légales 2014 (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
- "Jumelage". Ville de Castelsarrasin. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Castelsarrasin.|
- Ville de Castelsarrasin - official website (in French)