Caucasoid was a word used for a person in a racial group that includes people from Europe, North Africa, South Asia, West Asia, Central Asia and parts of the Horn of Africa. The group of these persons was called "Caucasoid race" or Caucasian race. German anthropologists in the late 18th century applied this name because they thought people from the Caucasus Mountains were the best examples of the race. In various historical race classifications, the Caucasian race was regarded as a biological taxon. Today, scientists agree that there is only one human race. Modern genetic research has shown that the idea of three (or four, or five) races was wrong.:360
Some persons in the pictures have white skin, others have brown skin. But in former times, scientists saw all persons in the pictures as members of the "Caucasian race".
- The Races of Europe by Carlton Stevens Coon. From Chapter XI: The Mediterranean World - Introduction: "This third racial zone stretches from Spain across the Straits of Gibraltar to Morocco, and thence along the southern Mediterranean shores into Arabia, East Africa, Mesopotamia, and the Persian highlands; and across Afghanistan into India."
- Old World sources of the first New World human inhabitants: A comparative craniofacial view - C. Loring Brace et al. 2001
- American Association of Physical Anthropologists (27 March 2019). "AAPA Statement on Race and Racism". American Association of Physical Anthropologists. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
- Templeton, A. (2016). EVOLUTION AND NOTIONS OF HUMAN RACE. In Losos J. & Lenski R. (Eds.), How Evolution Shapes Our Lives: Essays on Biology and Society (pp. 346-361). Princeton; Oxford: Princeton University Press. doi:10.2307/j.ctv7h0s6j.26. That this view reflects the consenus among American anthropologists is stated in: Wagner, Jennifer K.; Yu, Joon-Ho; Ifekwunigwe, Jayne O.; Harrell, Tanya M.; Bamshad, Michael J.; Royal, Charmaine D. (February 2017). "Anthropologists' views on race, ancestry, and genetics". American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 162 (2): 318–327. doi:10.1002/ajpa.23120.
- Blumenbach, Johann Friedrich; Bendyshe, Thomas; Marx, Karl Friedrich Heinrich; Flourens, Pierre; Wagner, Rudolph; Hunter, John (1865). The Anthropological Treatises of Johann Friedrich Blumenbach ... Anthropological Society.