Caucasian race (also known as Caucasoid) is a term used for a person belonging to a racial group that includes people from Europe, North Africa, South Asia, West Asia, Central Asia and parts of the Horn of Africa. German anthropologists in the late 18th century applied this name because they thought people from the Caucasus Mountains were the best examples of the race. The term is used in anthropologic and genetic studies.
Causcian race (also known as caucasoid or europid) was regarded as a biological taxon, in various historical race classifications.
- The Races of Europe by Carlton Stevens Coon. From Chapter XI: The Mediterranean World - Introduction: "This third racial zone stretches from Spain across the Straits of Gibraltar to Morocco, and thence along the southern Mediterranean shores into Arabia, East Africa, Mesopotamia, and the Persian highlands; and across Afghanistan into India."
- Rathee, Suresh Kanta; Pathmanathan, Gayathiri; Bulbeck, David; Raghavan, Pathmanathan (2013). "Indian Craniometric Variability and Affinities". International Journal of Evolutionary Biology. PMID 24455409. Retrieved 2019-06-06.