capital and largest city of Cuba

Havana (Spanish: La Habana) is the capital city of Cuba. It is the largest city of Cuba and of the Caribbean. Its population was 2.1 million in the census of 2012. It is at 23°8′N 82°23′W and is about 169 kilometres (105 mi) south-southwest of Key West, Florida in the United States. Cuba's main airport ia located in the city.

Havana City
Ciudad de La Habana
City of Columns[1]
Havana City is located in Cuba
Havana City
Havana City
Location in Cuba
Havana City is located in Caribbean
Havana City
Havana City
Havana City (Caribbean)
Havana City is located in Gulf of Mexico
Havana City
Havana City
Havana City (Gulf of Mexico)
Coordinates: 23°08′12″N 82°21′32″W / 23.13667°N 82.35889°W / 23.13667; -82.35889
EstablishedNov 16, 1519 (current place)
Founded byDiego Velazquez de Cuéllar
 • BodyGobierno Provincial de La Habana
 • President of People's Power Provincial AssemblyYanet Hernandez (PCC)
 • Capital municipality and province727.37 km2 (280.84 sq mi)
59 m (195 ft)
 (census 2012)
 • Capital municipality and provinceIncrease 1,929,432 hab
 • Estimate 
Decrease 2,160,623 hab
 • Rank4th in North America
1st in Cuba
 • Density2,892/km2 (7,490/sq mi)
 • Metro
Increase 2,793,752 hab
GDP (PPP, constant 2015 values)
 • Year2023
 • Total$41.1 billion[2]
 • Per capita$19,100
Time zoneUTC−5 (UTC−05:00)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (UTC−04:00)
Postal code
Area code(+53) 07
ISO 3166 codeCU-03
Patron saintSan Cristóbal
HDI (2019)0.834[3]very high
Official nameOld Havana and its Fortification System
Criteriaiv, v
Designated1982 (6th session)
Reference no.204
RegionLatin America and the Caribbean

Havana is a very old city. It was founded in 1515 by Spanish explorers. Due to its important location it became a springboard for the Spanish conquest of the Americas. Also, it became a stopping point for Spanish ships returning to Spain filled with treasure. King Philip II of Spain granted Havana the title of City in 1592. Walls as well as forts were built to protect the old city. The sinking of the U.S. battleship Maine in Havana's harbor in 1898 was the immediate cause of the Spanish–American War.

Satellite image of Havana (seen from far above the Earth)


  1. "How Obama's US-Cuba deal could shape Havana's future". Lonely Planet. Archived from the original on January 10, 2015. Retrieved January 10, 2015.
  2. "TelluBase—Cuba Fact Sheet" (PDF). Tellusant. Retrieved January 11, 2024.
  3. "Subnational Human Development Index". Global Data Lab. Retrieved June 16, 2020.

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