Open main menu

French Grand Prix

auto race held in France

The French Grand Prix (1906-1967: Grand Prix de l'ACF, 1968-2008: Grand Prix de France) was a race held as part of Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile's (FIA) annual Formula One (F1) automobile racing championships.

Flag of France.svg French Grand Prix
Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours
Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours.svg
Race information
Laps 70
Circuit length 4.411 km (2.741 mi)
Race length 308.586 km (191.755 mi)
Number of times held 86 (58 as F1)
First held 1906
Last held 2008
Most wins (drivers) Germany Michael Schumacher (8)
Most wins (constructors) Italy Ferrari (17)
Last race (2008):
Pole position Finland Kimi Räikkönen
Ferrari
1:16.449
Podium 1. Brazil Felipe Massa
Ferrari
1h 31m 50.245s
(201.608 km/h)
2. Finland Kimi Räikkönen
Ferrari
+17.984s
3. Italy Jarno Trulli
Toyota
+28.250s
Fastest lap Finland Kimi Räikkönen
Ferrari
1:16.630

Grand Prix motor racing started in France. The French Grand Prix was open to international competition. It is the oldest Grand Prix race. It was first run on 26 June 1906, under the Automobile Club de France in Sarthe. The first race had a starting field of 32 automobiles.

HistoryEdit

 
Georges Boillot winning the 1912 French Grand Prix in Dieppe, France

The first World Championships were organized in 1925. It included the French Grand Prix, the Italian Grand Prix, the Belgian Grand Prix and the Indianapolis 500. The French Grand Prix was part of the Formula One championships from their start in 1950. The last F1 Grand Prix was held in 2008. It was called the European Grand Prix four times between 1924 and 1966. During this time, the title was an honorary name. It was given to one grand prix race held in Europe each year

The race has been held at several racetracks in France, such as the Autodrome de Montlhéry. Since 1991 its permanent home was the Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours (often called just Magny-Cours). The move to Magny-Cours was an attempt to stimulate the economy of the area, but many within Formula One complained about the remote nature of the circuit.

On 29 March 2007 it was announced by the FFSA, the race promoter, that the 2008 French Grand Prix was put on an indefinite "pause". This suspension was due to the financial problems of the circuit. Many in F1 did not like the circuit because of the remote location.[1] On 31 May, Bernie Ecclestone confirmed that the 2007 French Grand Prix would be the last to be held at Magny-Cours.[2]

After negotiations, the future of the race improved. Ecclestone himself stating "We're going to maybe resurrect it for a year, or something like that".[3] On 24 July, Ecclestone and the Prime Minister of France met. They agreed to try to keep the race at Magny-Cours for 2008 and 2009.[4] On 27 July, when the FIA published the 2008 calendar with a French Grand Prix scheduled at Magny-Cours.[5] The 2009 race, however, was again cancelled on 15 October 2008, with the official website citing "economic reasons".[6]

The futureEdit

A major remodeling project of Magny-Cours ("2.0") was planned,[7][8] but canceled in the end. FFSA, the race's promoter, started looking for an another host circuit. There were five different proposals for a new circuit. One in Rouen with 3 possible layouts: a street circuit, in the dock area, or a permanent circuit near the airport.[9][10] A street circuit located near Disneyland Resort Paris.[11][12] A location in Versailles.[13][14] And one in Sarcelles (Val de France).[15] They were all were canceled. A final location in Flins-Les Mureaux, near the Flins Renault Factory was considered,[16] that was canceled as well on 1 December 2009.[17] In 2010 and 2011, there was no French Grand Prix on the Formula 1 calendar, although the Paul Ricard Circuit has proposed itself for 2012.[18] The French Grand Prix was not included in the released 2012 schedule.

SponsorsEdit

Winners of the French Grand PrixEdit

Repeat winners (drivers)Edit

Number of wins Driver Years
8   Michael Schumacher 1994, 1995, 1997, 1998, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2006
6   Alain Prost 1981, 1983, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1993
4   Louis Chiron 1931a, 1934, 1937, 1947
  Juan Manuel Fangio 1950, 1951b, 1954, 1957
  Nigel Mansell 1986, 1987, 1991, 1992
3   Jack Brabham 1960, 1966, 1967
  Jackie Stewart 1969, 1971, 1972
2   Christian Lautenschlager 1908, 1914
  Felice Nazzaro 1907, 1922
  Georges Boillot 1912, 1913
  Giuseppe Campari 1924, 1933
  Robert Benoist 1925, 1927
  William Grover-Williams 1928, 1929
  Jean-Pierre Wimille 1936, 1948
  Dan Gurney 1962, 1964
  Jim Clark 1963, 1965
  Ronnie Peterson 1973, 1974
  Mario Andretti 1977, 1978
  Niki Lauda 1975, 1984

Active drivers are in bold.
Event that were not part of the Formula One World Championship have a pink background.
Event that were part of the pre-war European Championship have a cream background.

^a Louis Chiron won the 1931 race, but shared the win in the Bugatti with Achille Varzi.
^b Juan Manuel Fangio won the 1951 race, but shared the win in the Alfa Romeo 159-car with Luigi Fagioli.

Repeat winners (constructors)Edit

# of wins Constructor Years won
17   Ferrari 1952, 1953, 1956, 1958, 1959, 1961, 1968, 1975, 1990, 1997, 1998, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2007, 2008
8   Williams 1980, 1986, 1987, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1996, 2003
7   Lotus 1963, 1965, 1970, 1973, 1974, 1977, 1978
6   Bugatti 1926, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1936
  Alfa Romeo 1924, 1932, 1934, 1948, 1950, 1951
  Renault 1906, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1983, 2005
5   McLaren 1976, 1984, 1988, 1989, 2000
4   Brabham 1964, 1966, 1967, 1985
2   Peugeot 1912, 1913
  Mercedes 1908, 1914
  Fiat 1907, 1922
  Delage 1925, 1927
  Mercedes-Benz 1935, 1938
  Talbot-Lago 1947, 1949
  Maserati 1933, 1957
  Tyrrell 1971, 1972
  Benetton 1994, 1995

Active constructors are in bold.
Event that were not part of the Formula One World Championship have a pink background.
Event that were part of the pre-war European Championship have a cream background.

By yearEdit

Year Driver Constructor Location
2008   Felipe Massa Ferrari Magny-Cours
2007   Kimi Räikkönen Ferrari Magny-Cours
2006   Michael Schumacher Ferrari Magny-Cours
2005   Fernando Alonso Renault Magny-Cours
2004   Michael Schumacher Ferrari Magny-Cours
2003   Ralf Schumacher Williams-BMW Magny-Cours
2002   Michael Schumacher Ferrari Magny-Cours
2001   Michael Schumacher Ferrari Magny-Cours
2000   David Coulthard McLaren-Mercedes Magny-Cours
1999   Heinz-Harald Frentzen Jordan-Mugen-Honda Magny-Cours
1998   Michael Schumacher Ferrari Magny-Cours
1997   Michael Schumacher Ferrari Magny-Cours
1996   Damon Hill Williams-Renault Magny-Cours
1995   Michael Schumacher Benetton-Renault Magny-Cours
1994   Michael Schumacher Benetton-Ford Magny-Cours
1993   Alain Prost Williams-Renault Magny-Cours
1992   Nigel Mansell Williams-Renault Magny-Cours
1991   Nigel Mansell Williams-Renault Magny-Cours
1990   Alain Prost Ferrari Paul Ricard Short Circuit
1989   Alain Prost McLaren-Honda Paul Ricard Short Circuit
1988   Alain Prost McLaren-Honda Paul Ricard Short Circuit
1987   Nigel Mansell Williams-Honda Paul Ricard Short Circuit
1986   Nigel Mansell Williams-Honda Paul Ricard Short Circuit
1985   Nelson Piquet Brabham-BMW Paul Ricard Full Circuit
1984   Niki Lauda McLaren-TAG Dijon
1983   Alain Prost Renault Paul Ricard Full Circuit
1982   René Arnoux Renault Paul Ricard Full Circuit
1981   Alain Prost Renault Dijon
1980   Alan Jones Williams-Ford Paul Ricard Full Circuit
1979   Jean-Pierre Jabouille Renault Dijon
1978   Mario Andretti Lotus-Ford Paul Ricard Full Circuit
1977   Mario Andretti Lotus-Ford Dijon
1976   James Hunt McLaren-Ford Paul Ricard Full Circuit
1975   Niki Lauda Ferrari Paul Ricard Full Circuit
1974   Ronnie Peterson Lotus-Ford Dijon
1973   Ronnie Peterson Lotus-Ford Paul Ricard Full Circuit
1972   Jackie Stewart Tyrrell-Ford Charade
1971   Jackie Stewart Tyrrell-Ford Paul Ricard Full Circuit
1970   Jochen Rindt Lotus-Ford Charade
1969   Jackie Stewart Matra-Ford Charade
1968   Jacky Ickx Ferrari Rouen-Les-Essarts
1967   Jack Brabham Brabham-Repco Le Mans-Bugatti
1966   Jack Brabham Brabham-Repco Reims
1965   Jim Clark Lotus-Climax Charade
1964   Dan Gurney Brabham-Climax Rouen-Les-Essarts
1963   Jim Clark Lotus-Climax Reims
1962   Dan Gurney Porsche Rouen-Les-Essarts
1961   Giancarlo Baghetti Ferrari Reims
1960   Jack Brabham Cooper-Climax Reims
1959   Tony Brooks Ferrari Reims
1958   Mike Hawthorn Ferrari Reims
1957   Juan Manuel Fangio Maserati Rouen-Les-Essarts
1956   Peter Collins Ferrari Reims
1955 Not held
1954   Juan Manuel Fangio Mercedes Reims
1953   Mike Hawthorn Ferrari Reims
1952   Alberto Ascari Ferrari Rouen-Les-Essarts
1951   Luigi Fagioli
  Juan Manuel Fangio
Alfa Romeo Reims
1950   Juan Manuel Fangio Alfa Romeo Reims
1949   Louis Chiron Talbot-Lago Reims
1948   Jean-Pierre Wimille Alfa Romeo Reims
1947   Louis Chiron Talbot-Lago Lyon-Parilly
1946
-
1940
Not held
1939   Hermann Paul Müller Auto Union Reims
1938   Manfred von Brauchitsch Mercedes-Benz Reims
1937   Louis Chiron Talbot Montlhéry
1936   Jean-Pierre Wimille
  Raymond Sommer
Bugatti Montlhéry
1935   Rudolf Caracciola Mercedes-Benz Montlhéry
1934   Louis Chiron Alfa Romeo Montlhéry
1933   Giuseppe Campari Maserati Montlhéry
1932   Tazio Nuvolari Alfa Romeo Reims
1931   Louis Chiron
  Achille Varzi
Bugatti Montlhéry
1930   Philippe Étancelin Bugatti Pau
1929   William Grover-Williams Bugatti Le Mans
1928   William Grover-Williams Bugatti Saint-Gaudens
1927   Robert Benoist Delage Montlhéry
1926   Jules Goux Bugatti Miramas
1925   Robert Benoist
  Albert Divo
Delage Montlhéry
1924   Giuseppe Campari Alfa Romeo Lyon
1923   Henry Segrave Sunbeam Tours
1922   Felice Nazzaro Fiat Strasbourg
1921   Jimmy Murphy Duesenberg Le Mans
1920
-
1915
Not held
1914   Christian Lautenschlager Mercedes Lyon
1913   Georges Boillot Peugeot Amiens
1912   Georges Boillot Peugeot Dieppe
1911
-
1909
Not held
1908   Christian Lautenschlager Mercedes Dieppe
1907   Felice Nazzaro Fiat Dieppe
1906   Ferenc Szisz Renault Le Mans

Event that were not part of the Formula One World Championship have a pink background.
Event that were part of the pre-war European Championship have a cream background.

BroadcastingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "French GP under threat for 2008". ITV-F1.com. 2007-03-29. Archived from the original on 2008-01-08. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
  2. "F1 will quit Magny-Cours after 2007". ITV-F1.com. 2007-05-31. Archived from the original on 2008-02-28. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
  3. "Magny-Cours set for reprieve". ITV-F1.com. 2007-01-01. Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
  4. "Formula One hope for Magny-Cours". bbc.co.uk. BBC Sport. 2007-07-24. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
  5. "FIA reveals 18-race calendar for 2008". formula1.com. 2007-07-27. Retrieved 2007-07-27.
  6. "Grand Prix de France". gpfrancef1.com. 2009-07-28. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
  7. "Magny-Cours to get a facelift". grandprix.com. Inside F1, Inc. 2008-06-19. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
  8. "Magny-Cours 2 Projet de modernisation-standardisation du Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours" [Magny-Cours 2 Modernization Project: Standardization of the Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours]. automobilsport.com (in French). 2008-06-20. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
  9. "La F1 de retour à Rouen ?". motorlegend.com (in French). Moteurs & Légendes. 2008-06-20. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
  10. "Rouen to bid for the French GP". grandprix.com. Inside F1, Inc. 2008-06-19. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
  11. Ee, Samuel (2008-10-22). "Euro Disney the next venue for French GP?". asiaone.com. Singapore Press Holdings Ltd. Co. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
  12. Joseph, Noah (2008-11-21). "Disney Grand Prix plans shelved". autoblog.com. AOL Inc. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
  13. "Versailles possible for French GP".
  14. "More about a race at Versailles". grandprix.com. Inside F1, Inc. 2007-12-11. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
  15. "Sarcelles bidding for a Grand Prix". grandprix.com. Inside F1, Inc. 2008-09-17. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
  16. "More details emerge from Flins-Mureaux". GrandPrix.com. Inside F1, Inc. 2009-03-16. Retrieved 2010-07-29.
  17. Noble, Jonathan (2009-12-01). "French GP plans suffer fresh blow". autosport.com. Haymarket Publications. Retrieved 2009-12-01.
  18. "Paul Ricard Confirme sa Candidature pour 2011".

Other websitesEdit