Fresno, California

county seat of Fresno County, California, United States

Fresno is the largest inland city in U.S. state of California. It has a population of 542,107 people (as of 2020).[7] If the surrounding suburbs are included, it has a population near 1 million. It is the county seat of Fresno County, in the Central Valley.

Fresno, California
Clockwise: Fresno skyline from Chukchansi Park; San Joaquin Light & Power Tower; Warnor's Theatre; Brix Mansion; Bank of Italy Building; Fresno at twilight.
Flag of Fresno, California
Official seal of Fresno, California
Location within Fresno County
Location within Fresno County
Fresno is located in California
Location within California
Fresno is located in the United States
Location within the United States
Coordinates: 36°45′N 119°46′W / 36.750°N 119.767°W / 36.750; -119.767
CountryUnited States
RegionSan Joaquin Valley
Railway station1872
IncorporatedOctober 21, 1885[1]
Named forSpanish for "ash tree"
 • City116.00 sq mi (300.43 km2)
 • Land114.79 sq mi (297.30 km2)
 • Water1.21 sq mi (3.13 km2)
308 ft (94 m)
 • City542,107
 • Rank34th in the United States
5th in California
 • Density4,722.60/sq mi (1,823.43/km2)
 • Metro1,008,654 (56th)
Time zoneUTC−08:00 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−07:00 (PDT)
ZIP Codes[5]
93650, 93701–93712, 93714–93718, 93720–93730, 93737, 93740, 93741, 93744, 93745, 93747, 93750, 93755, 93760, 93761, 93764, 93765, 93771–79, 93786, 93790–94, 93844, 93888
Area code559
FIPS code06-27000[6]
GNIS feature IDs277606, 2410546

Fresno is the closest major city to Yosemite National Park. Fresno has a major airport called Fresno Yosemite International Airport that has many flights by many airlines everyday. It was the first airport to use the new security systems made after the September 11, 2001 attacks.

Fresno has a Hot Mediterranean Climate (Csa in the Köppen climate classification), with cool, mild winters and long, hot, dry summers.

The majority of Fresno's immigrants are from Mexico, India, Laos, the Philippines and Thailand.[8]


  1. "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
  2. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  3. "QuickFacts: Fresno city, California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 August 2021.
  4. "2020 Population and Housing State Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 August 2021.
  5. "ZIP Code(tm) Lookup". United States Postal Service. Archived from the original on November 16, 2014. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
  6. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. "QuickFacts: Fresno city, California". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 31, 2023.
  8. "FRESNO - USC Dornsife - University of Southern California" (PDF). University of Southern California. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2020-11-12. Retrieved 2023-11-19.