Japanese Americans

ethnic group; Americans of Japanese ancestry

Japanese Americans (Japanese: 日系アメリカ人, Hepburn: Nikkei Amerikajin) are Americans who are fully or partially of Japanese descent, especially those who identify with that ancestry and its cultural characteristics.

Japanese Americans
Nikkei Amerikajin (Nikkei Beikokujin)
United States Japan
Total population
0.2% of the total U.S. population (2018)
Regions with significant populations
Hawaii, the West Coast and urban areas elsewhere.
American English, Japanese and Hawaiian Pidgin
33% Protestantism
32% Unaffiliated
25% Buddhism
4% Catholicism
4% Shinto[2][3]
Related ethnic groups
Japanese people, Ryukyuan Americans



Japanese Americans were among the three largest Asian American ethnic communities during the 20th century; but, according to the 2000 census, they have declined in number to constitute the sixth largest Asian American group at around 773,000, including those of partial ancestry.[1] According to the 2010 census, the largest Japanese American communities were found in California with 272,528, Hawaii with 185,502, New York with 37,780, Washington with 35,008, Illinois with 17,542, and Ohio with 16,995.[4] Southern California has the largest Japanese American population in North America. The city of Gardena holds the densest Japanese American population in the 48 contiguous states.[5]

Internment camps


During World War II, Japanese Americans were forced to leave their homes and move to internment camps.[6]


  1. 1.0 1.1 "ACS Demographic and Housing Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. December 2019. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  2. "Asian Americans: A Mosaic of Faiths". Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. July 19, 2012. Archived from the original on July 16, 2013. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
  3. "Japanese Americans - Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life". Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
  4. Data Access and Dissemination Systems (DADS). "American FactFinder - Results". Archived from the original on October 12, 2016. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
  5. "Cities with the Highest Percentage of Japanese in the United States". ZipAtlas. Retrieved 16 April 2020.
  6. "Japanese-American Internment During World War II". National Archives. 2016-08-15. Retrieved 2021-05-07.