Mountainous region extending from northwestern Iran to southeastern Turkey, home to the Kurds

Coordinates: 37°00′N 43°00′E / 37.000°N 43.000°E / 37.000; 43.000

Kurdistan is a mountainous area in the Middle East, that is mainly inhabited by Kurds.

Kurdish-inhabited area by CIA (1992) box inset removed.jpg
Kurdish-inhabited areas (1992)
Language Kurdish
Location Upper Mesopotamia, and the Zagros Mountains, including parts of Eastern Anatolia Region (Armenian Highlands) and southeastern Anatolia, northern Syria, northern Iraq, and the northwestern Iranian Plateau.[1]
Parts Northern Kurdistan (Turkey)
Southern Kurdistan (Iraq)
Eastern Kurdistan (Iran)
Western Kurdistan (Syria)
Countries  Turkey
Area (est.) 190,000–390,000 km²–500,000 km²
74,000–151,000 sq. mi[source?]
Population 36.4 million (2016 estimate)[2][3][original research?]
Largest cities Erbil (Hawler)
Diyarbakır (Amed)
Kermanshah (Kirmashan)
Kirkuk (Kerkuk)
Sulaymaniyah (Slemani)
Urfa (Riha)
Sanandaj (Sine)
Van (Wan)
Internet TLD .krd

The Kurdish population is estimated to be around 35-40 million people.

In Iranian Kurdistan, the cities of Piranshahr & Mahabad are the two main cities of Mokrian district.


  1. "Kurdistan – Definitions from Dictionary.com". Retrieved 2007-10-21.
  2. "The Kurdish population". Fondation-Institut kurde de Paris. 20 December 2016. Retrieved 2017-10-15.
  3. A rough estimate by the CIA Factbook has populations of 14.5 million in Turkey, 6 million in Iran, about 5 to 6 million in Iraq, and less than 2 million in Syria, which adds up to close to 28 million Kurds living in these countries (i.e. in Kurdistan proper and in other parts of the states comprising the area taken together). CIA Factbook estimates as of 2014; Turkey: "Kurdish 18% [of 81.6 million]", Iran: "Kurd 10% [of 80.8 million]", Iraq: "Kurdish 15%-20% [of 32.6 million]" Syria: "Kurds, Armenians, and other 9.7% [of 17.9 million]".