List of counties in Virginia

Wikimedia list article

The Commonwealth of Virginia is divided into 95 counties and 39 independent cities, which are considered county-equivalents for census purposes.

ListEdit

County
FIPS code[1] County seat[2] Established[2] Origin Meaning of name Population[2] Area[2] Map
Accomack County 001 Accomac 1663 ? From the Native American word Accawmack, meaning "on the other side", referencing the county's position across Chesapeake Bay 79,236 723 sq mi
(1,873 km2)
 
Albemarle County 003 Charlottesville 1744 ? Willem Anne van Keppel, 2nd Earl of Albemarle, colonial proprietary governor 98,970 723 sq mi
(1,873 km2)
 
Alleghany County 005 Covington 1822 ? Alleghany Mountains 12,926 446 sq mi
(1,155 km2)
 
Amelia County 007 Amelia Court House 1734 ? Princess Amelia Sophia, second daughter of George II of Great Britain 11,400 357 sq mi
(925 km2)
 
Amherst County 009 Amherst 1761 ? Jeffery Amherst, British conqueror of Quebec during the Seven Years War and colonial governor of Virginia 31,894 475 sq mi
(1,230 km2)
 
Appomattox County 011 Appomattox 1845 ? Appomattox River 13,705 334 sq mi
(865 km2)
 
Arlington County 013 Arlington 1801 ? Henry Bennet, 1st Earl of Arlington, colonial proprietary landowner 207,627 26 sq mi
(67 km2)
 
Augusta County 015 Staunton 1745 ? Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, the Princess of Wales 65,615 971 sq mi
(2,515 km2)
 


Bath County 017 Warm Springs 1790 From Augusta, Botetourt and Greenbrier counties December 14, 1790 Bath, England 5,048 532 sq mi
(1,378 km2)
 
Bedford County 019 Bedford 1753 ? John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford, British politician and one of the head negotiators of the Peace of Paris 60,371 755 sq mi
(1,955 km2)
 
Bland County 021 Bland 1861 ? Richard Bland, member of the Continental Congress and publisher of the American Revolutionary War-era tract An Inquiry into the Rights of the British Colonies 6,871 359 sq mi
(930 km2)
 
Botetourt County 023 Fincastle 1796 ? Norborne Berkeley, 4th Baron Botetourt, colonial governor of Virginia 30,496 543 sq mi
(1,406 km2)
 
Brunswick County 025 Lawrenceville 1732 ? Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg, from which the current line of British monarchs hailed 18,419 566 sq mi
(1,466 km2)
 
Buchanan County 027 Grundy 1858 ? James Buchanan, fifteenth U.S. President 26,978 504 sq mi
(1,305 km2)
 
Buckingham County 029 Buckingham 1785 ? Buckinghamshire, England 15,623 581 sq mi
(1,505 km2)
 


Campbell County 031 Rustburg 1782 ? William Campbell, Revolutionary War general 51,078 504 sq mi
(1,305 km2)
 
Caroline County 033 Bowling Green 1728 ? Caroline of Ansbach, wife of King George II of Great Britain 28,545 533 sq mi
(1,380 km2)
 
Carroll County 035 Hillsville 1842 ? Charles Carroll, last living signer of the Declaration of Independence 29,245 476 sq mi
(1,233 km2)
 
Charles City County 036 Charles City 1634 Colonial division before 1635[3] King Charles I of England 6,926 182 sq mi
(471 km2)
 
Charlotte County 037 Charlotte Court House 1765 ? Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, wife of King George III of Great Britain 12,472 475 sq mi
(1,230 km2)
 
Chesterfield County 041 Chesterfield 1749 ? Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield, British politician and Lord of the Bedchamber 259,903 426 sq mi
(1,103 km2)
 
Clarke County 043 Berryville 1836 ? George Rogers Clarke, Revolutionary War general 12,652 177 sq mi
(458 km2)
 
Craig County 045 New Castle 1851 ? Robert Craig, U.S. Representative from Virginia 5,091 330 sq mi
(855 km2)
 
Culpeper County 047 Culpeper 1748 ? Thomas Colepeper, 2nd Baron Colepeper, colonial proprietary governor 46,689 381 sq mi
(987 km2)
 
Cumberland County 049 Cumberland 1749 ? Prince William, Duke of Cumberland, British general, politician, and son of King George II 9,017 298 sq mi
(772 km2)
 


Dickenson County 051 Clintwood 1880 ? William J. Dickinson, member of the Virginia House of Delegates 16,395 333 sq mi
(862 km2)
 
Dinwiddie County 053 Dinwiddie 1752 ? Robert Dinwiddie, colonial lieutenant governor of Virginia 24,533 504 sq mi
(1,305 km2)
 


Essex County 057 Tappahannock 1692 Founded by John Smith who lived in Hustle, Essex County Essex, United Kingdom 9,989 258 sq mi
(668 km2)
 


Fairfax County 059 Fairfax 1742 ? Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, the only resident British noble in Virginia 1,081,726 396 sq mi
(1,026 km2)
 
Fauquier County 061 Warrenton 1759 ? Francis Fauquier, colonial lieutenant governor of Virginia 68,010 650 sq mi
(1,683 km2)
 
Floyd County 063 Floyd 1831 ? John Floyd, governor of Virginia 13,874 382 sq mi
(989 km2)
 
Fluvanna County 065 Palmyra 1777 ? From the Latin name for the James River, which itself translates to "Annie's River" in honor of Queen Anne 20,047 287 sq mi
(743 km2)
 
Franklin County 067 Rocky Mount 1785 ? Benjamin Franklin, publisher, orator, scholar, and U.S. Founding Father 47,286 692 sq mi
(1,792 km2)
 
Frederick County 069 Winchester 1743 ? Frederick, Prince of Wales, eldest son of George II 59,209 415 sq mi
(1,075 km2)
 


Giles County 071 Pearisburg 1806 ? William Branch Giles, U.S. Senator from Virginia 16,657 358 sq mi
(927 km2)
 
Gloucester County 073 Gloucester 1651 ? Gloucestershire, England 34,780 217 sq mi
(562 km2)
 
Goochland County 075 Goochland 1727 ? William Gooch, colonial lieutenant governor of Virginia 16,863 284 sq mi
(736 km2)
 
Grayson County 077 Independence 1793 ? William Grayson, U.S. Senator from Virginia 17,917 443 sq mi
(1,147 km2)
 
Greene County 079 Stanardsville 1838 ? Nathanael Greene, Revolutionary War general 15,244 157 sq mi
(407 km2)
 
Greensville County 081 Emporia 1780 ? Richard Grenville, commander of the English expedition to found Roanoke Colony 11,560 296 sq mi
(767 km2)
 


Halifax County 083 Halifax 1752 ? George Montagu-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax, President of the Board of Trade 37,355 814 sq mi
(2,108 km2)
 
Hanover County 085 Hanover 1720 ? Electorate of Hanover, from which the current line of British monarchs hailed 99,863 473 sq mi
(1,225 km2)
 
Henrico County 087 Richmond 1617 Original county of the Colony under England Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales, oldest son of James I of England 262,300 238 sq mi
(616 km2)
 
Henry County 089 Martinsville 1777 ? Patrick Henry, governor of Virginia and U.S. Founding Father 57,930 382 sq mi
(989 km2)
 
Highland County 091 Monterey 1847 ? Mountainous topography 2,536 416 sq mi
(1,077 km2)
 


Isle of Wight County 093 Isle of Wight 1634 ? Isle of Wight, England 29,728 316 sq mi
(818 km2)
 


James City County 095 Williamsburg 1617 Original county of the Colony under England King James I of England 67,009 143 sq mi
(370 km2)
 


King and Queen County 097 King and Queen Court House 1691 ? King William III and Queen Mary II 6,630 316 sq mi
(818 km2)
 
King George County 099 King George 1721 ? George I of Great Britain 16,803 180 sq mi
(466 km2)
 
King William County 101 King William 1702 ? William III of England 13,146 275 sq mi
(712 km2)
 


Lancaster County 103 Lancaster 1651 ? Lancaster, United Kingdom 11,567 133 sq mi
(344 km2)
 
Lee County 105 Jonesville 1793 ? Light Horse Harry Lee, Revolutionary War general and governor of Virginia 23,589 437 sq mi
(1,132 km2)
 
Loudoun County 107 Leesburg 1757 ? John Campbell, 4th Earl of Loudoun, British Commander-in-Chief, North America during the Seven Years War 312,311 520 sq mi
(1,347 km2)
 
Louisa County 109 Louisa 1742 ? Princess Louise, youngest daughter of George II 25,627 498 sq mi
(1,290 km2)
 
Lunenburg County 111 Lunenburg 1746 ? Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg, from which the current line of British monarchs hailed 13,146 432 sq mi
(1,119 km2)
 


Madison County 113 Madison 1793 ? James Madison, Congressman from Virginia, principal author of the U.S. Constitution, and future U.S. President 12,520 322 sq mi
(834 km2)
 
Mathews County 115 Mathews 1791 ? Thomas Mathews, British commander in the War of the Austrian Succession 9,207 86 sq mi
(223 km2)
 
Mecklenburg County 117 Boydton 1765 ? Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, wife of King George III 32,380 624 sq mi
(1,616 km2)
 
Middlesex County 119 Saluda 1673 ? Middlesex, United Kingdom 9,932 130 sq mi
(337 km2)
 
Montgomery County 121 Christiansburg 1777 ? Richard Montgomery, Revolutionary War general 83,629 388 sq mi
(1,005 km2)
 


Nelson County 125 Lovingston 1808 ? Thomas Nelson Jr., governor of Virginia and signer of the Declaration of Independence 14,445 472 sq mi
(1,222 km2)
 
New Kent County 127 New Kent 1654 ? Kent County, England 13,462 210 sq mi
(544 km2)
 
Northampton County 131 Eastville 1634 ? Northamptonshire, England 13,093 207 sq mi
(536 km2)
 
Northumberland County 133 Heathsville 1648 ? Northumberland, United Kingdom 12,259 192 sq mi
(497 km2)
 
Nottoway County 135 Nottoway 1789 ? Nodawa tribe 15,725 315 sq mi
(816 km2)
 


Orange County 137 Orange 1734 ? William III of England 25,881 342 sq mi
(886 km2)
 


Page County 139 Luray 1831 ? John Page, governor of Virginia 23,177 311 sq mi
(805 km2)
 
Patrick County 141 Stuart 1791 ? Patrick Henry, governor of Virginia and U.S. Founding Father 19,407 483 sq mi
(1,251 km2)
 
Pittsylvania County 143 Chatham 1767 ? William Pitt, British Prime Minister 61,745 978 sq mi
(2,533 km2)
 
Powhatan County 145 Powhatan 1777 ? Powhatan tribe 22,377 261 sq mi
(676 km2)
 
Prince Edward County 147 Farmville 1754 ? Prince Edward, Duke of York and Albany, brother of George III 19,720 353 sq mi
(914 km2)
 
Prince George County 149 Prince George 1703 From Charles City County Prince George of Denmark, husband of Queen Anne 33,047 266 sq mi
(689 km2)
 
Prince William County 153 Manassas 1731 ? Prince William Augustus, son of George II 402,002 338 sq mi
(875 km2)
 
Pulaski County 155 Pulaski 1839 ? Kazimierz Pulaski, Polish-born Revolutionary War general 35,127 321 sq mi
(831 km2)
 


Rappahannock County 157 Washington 1833 ? Rappahannock River 6,983 267 sq mi
(692 km2)
 
Richmond County 159 Warsaw 1692 ? Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond, illegitimate son of King Charles II 8,809 192 sq mi
(497 km2)
 
Roanoke County 161 Salem 1838 ? Roanoke River 85,778 251 sq mi
(650 km2)
 
Rockbridge County 163 Lexington 1778 ? Natural Bridge 20,808 600 sq mi
(1,554 km2)
 
Rockingham County 165 Harrisonburg 1778 ? Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, British Prime Minister 67,725 851 sq mi
(2,204 km2)
 
Russell County 167 Lebanon 1786 ? William Russell, frontiersman and state representative 30,308 475 sq mi
(1,230 km2)
 


Scott County 169 Gate City 1814 ? Winfield Scott, War of 1812 and later Mexican-American War general 23,403 537 sq mi
(1,391 km2)
 
Shenandoah County 171 Woodstock 1772 ? Shenandoah River 35,075 512 sq mi
(1,326 km2)
 
Smyth County 173 Marion 1832 ? Alexander Smyth, Congressman from Virginia 33,081 452 sq mi
(1,171 km2)
 
Southampton County 175 Courtland 1749 ? Disputed; either Southampton, England or Henry Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of Southampton, one of the founders of the Virginia Company 17,482 600 sq mi
(1,554 km2)
 
Spotsylvania County 177 Spotsylvania Courthouse 1721 ? Alexander Spotswood, colonial lieutenant governor of Virignia 122,397 401 sq mi
(1,039 km2)
 
Stafford County 179 Stafford 1664 ? Stafford, England 128,961 270 sq mi
(699 km2)
 
Surry County 181 Surry 1652 ? Surrey, United Kingdom 6,829 279 sq mi
(723 km2)
 
Sussex County 183 Sussex 1754 ? Sussex, United Kingdom 12,504 491 sq mi
(1,272 km2)
 


Tazewell County 185 Tazewell 1800 ? Henry Tazewell, U.S. Senator from Virginia 44,598 520 sq mi
(1,347 km2)
 


Warren County 187 Front Royal 1836 ? Joseph Warren, Revolutionary War general 31,584 214 sq mi
(554 km2)
 
Washington County 191 Abingdon 1777 ? George Washington, Revolutionary War commander, U.S. Founding Father, and future U.S. President 51,103 564 sq mi
(1,461 km2)
 
Westmoreland County 193 Montross 1653 ? Westmoreland, United Kingdom 16,718 229 sq mi
(593 km2)
 
Wise County 195 Wise 1856 ? Henry Alexander Wise, governor of Virginia 40,123 403 sq mi
(1,044 km2)
 
Wythe County 197 Wytheville 1790 ? George Wythe, legal scholar and signer of the Declaration of Independence 27,599 463 sq mi
(1,199 km2)
 


York County 199 Yorktown 1634 ? James Stuart, Duke of York, the future King James II 65,464 106 sq mi
(275 km2)
 
City of Alexandria 510 N/A 1902[4] From Alexandria County before 1870[5] Phillip & John Alexander, brothers and area plantation owners 139,966 15 sq mi
(39 km2)
 
City of Bedford 515 N/A 1968 ? John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford, British politician and negotiator of the Peace of Paris 6,299 7 sq mi
(18 km2)
 
City of Bristol 520 N/A 1902[4] From Washington County in 1890[5] Bristol, England 17,367 12 sq mi
(31 km2)
 
City of Buena Vista 530 N/A 1902[4] From Rockbridge County in 1892[5] from the Buena Vista Company, which founded an iron mine in the area and established the town for its laborers 6,349 7 sq mi
(18 km2)
 
City of Charlottesville 540 N/A 1902[4] From Albemarle County in 1888[5] Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, wife of King George III 45,049 10 sq mi
(26 km2)
 
City of Chesapeake 550 N/A 1963 Formed out of consolidation of Norfolk County (extinct) and City of South Norfolk (extinct)[6] Chesapeake tribe 222,209 341 sq mi
(883 km2)
 
City of Colonial Heights 570 N/A 1948 ? From the actions of Revolutionary War general Gilbert du Motier, marquis de Lafayette; his soldiers, nicknamed the "Colonials," placed a artillery on high ground overlooking Petersburg 16,897 8 sq mi
(21 km2)
 
City of Covington 580 N/A 1952 ? Leonard Covington, hero of the Siege of Fort Recovery and Congressman from Maryland 6,303 4 sq mi
(10 km2)
 
City of Danville 590 N/A 1902[4] From Pittsylvania County before 1870[5] Dan River 48,411 43 sq mi
(111 km2)
 
City of Emporia 595 N/A 1967 ? Emporia, Kansas 5,665 7 sq mi
(18 km2)
 
City of Fairfax 600 N/A 1961 ? Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, only resident British noble in colonial Virginia 21,498 6 sq mi
(16 km2)
 
City of Falls Church 610 N/A 1948 ? The Falls Church 12,332 2 sq mi
(5 km2)
 
City of Franklin 620 N/A 1961 ? Benjamin Franklin, publisher, scholar, orator, and U.S. Founding Father 8,346 8 sq mi
(21 km2)
 
City of Fredericksburg 630 N/A 1902[4] From Spotsylvania County before 1870[5] Frederick, Prince of Wales, eldest son of King George II 24,286 10 sq mi
(26 km2)
 
City of Galax 640 N/A 1952 ? the galax shrub 6,837 8 sq mi
(21 km2)
 
City of Hampton 650 N/A 1908 Founded 1610. Current city formed by consolidation of Elizabeth City County and City of Hampton in 1952[6] Disputed; either Southampton, England or Henry Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of Southampton, one of the founders of the Virginia Company 146,437 52 sq mi
(135 km2)
 
City of Harrisonburg 660 N/A 1916 From Rockingham County in 1916[5] Thomas Harrison, pioneering settler and town founder 40,468 18 sq mi
(47 km2)
 
City of Hopewell 670 N/A 1916 From Prince George County in 1916[5] The Hopewell, a ship that carried some of the early English settlers to Virginia 22,354 10 sq mi
(26 km2)
 
City of Lexington 678 N/A 1966 ? Revolutionary War Battle of Lexington 6,867 2 sq mi
(5 km2)
 
City of Lynchburg 680 N/A 1902[4] From Campbell County before 1870[5] John Lynch, ferry operator and constructor of the first ridge across the James River in the area 65,269 49 sq mi
(127 km2)
 
City of Manassas 683 N/A 1975 ? Manassas Gap Railroad 37,821 10 sq mi
(26 km2)
 
City of Manassas Park 685 N/A 1975 ? Manassas Gap Railroad and Manassas National Battlefield Park 14,273 2 sq mi
(5 km2)
 
City of Martinsville 690 N/A 1928 ? Joseph Martin, Revolutionary War general 15,416 11 sq mi
(28 km2)
 
City of Newport News 700 N/A 1902[4] From Warwick County in 1896[5] Uncertain—see main city article 180,150 68 sq mi
(176 km2)
 
City of Norfolk 710 N/A 1845[7] Founded 1682.[8] Incorporated as City in 1845 from Lower Norfolk County (extinct)[6] Norfolk, England 242,803 54 sq mi
(140 km2)
 
City of Norton 720 N/A 1954 ? Eckstein Norton, president of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad 3,904 7 sq mi
(18 km2)
 
City of Petersburg 730 N/A 1902[4] From Prince George County before 1870[5] Peter Jones, early settler and merchant 33,740 23 sq mi
(60 km2)
 
City of Poquoson 735 N/A 1975 From York County An Algonquin term roughly translating to "great marsh" or "flat land" 11,566 16 sq mi
(41 km2)
 
City of Portsmouth 740 N/A 1858[6] Founded 1752.[9] Incorporated as City in 1858 from Norfolk County (extinct)[6] Portsmouth, England 100,565 33 sq mi
(85 km2)
 
City of Radford 750 N/A 1902[4] From Montgomery County in 1892[5] Dr. John Blair Radford, owner of a plantation that included that town's lands 15,859 10 sq mi
(26 km2)
 
City of Richmond 760 N/A 1902[4] From Henrico County before 1870[5] Richmond, Surrey, England 204,214 60 sq mi
(155 km2)
 
City of Roanoke 770 N/A 1902[4] From Roanoke County in 1884[5] Roanoke River 94,911 43 sq mi
(111 km2)
 
City of Salem 775 N/A 1968 ? After Salem, New Jersey, home of town founder William Bryan 24,747 15 sq mi
(39 km2)
 
City of Staunton 790 N/A 1902[4] From Augusta County before 1870[5] Lady Rebecca Staunton, wife of colonial Lieutenant Governor William Gooch 23,853 20 sq mi
(52 km2)
 
City of Suffolk 800 N/A 1910[10] Founded 1742.[10] Incorporated as City in 1910 from Nansemond County (extinct)[10] Suffolk, England 63,677 400 sq mi
(1,036 km2)
 
City of Virginia Beach 810 N/A 1963 Founded 1906 around existing community of Seatack. Incorporated as City in 1963 from Princess Anne County County (extinct)[6] The city's coastal location 437,994 248 sq mi
(642 km2)
 
City of Waynesboro 820 N/A 1948 ? Anthony Wayne, Revolutionary War general 19,520 14 sq mi
(36 km2)
 
City of Williamsburg 830 N/A 1902[4] From James City County William III of England 14,068 9 sq mi
(23 km2)
 
City of Winchester 840 N/A 1902[4] From Frederick County in 1874[5] Winchester, England 23,585 9 sq mi
(23 km2)
 

ReferencesEdit

  1. "EPA County FIPS Code Listing". EPA.gov. Retrieved 2008-02-23.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 National Association of Counties. "NACo - Find a county". Retrieved 2007-04-26.
  3. "Virginia Historical Counties". Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. Chicago: Newberry Library. Retrieved 2010-07-10. Select the map for December 31, 1634 (the earliest date available).
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 "Virginia Historical Counties". Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. Chicago: Newberry Library. Retrieved 2010-07-09. Compare the maps for July 9 and July 10, 1902.
  5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 Census Office (1920). Fourteenth Census of the United States. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 Durman, George W. "Current Virginia Counties & Independent Cities". Germanna Colonies. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
  7. City of Norfolk. "19th Century History". City of Norfolk History. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
  8. City of Norfolk. "17th Century History". City of Norfolk History. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
  9. City of Portsmouth. "City of Portsmouth, Virginia - History". City of Portsmouth. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 City of Suffolk. "All About Suffolk: History". Suffolk: Community. Retrieved 31 January 2012.