Madurese people

indigenous Indonesian ethnic group native and originated from the Madura Island

Madurese (Madurese: أَوريڠ مادْوراْ; Javanese: ꦠꦾꦁꦩꦼꦝꦸꦤ꧀ꦠꦼꦤ꧀), also known as Madurans, are an ethnic group native to the Indonesian island of Madura in the Java Sea. They speak the Madurese language and share a common history, traditions, and cultural identity. The Madurese are the fourth-largest ethnic group in Indonesia, and known for their contribution to the national dish Saté.[1][2]

Jârân Bodhâg, one of the Madurese cultural dances.

Approximately six million native Madurese reside on Madura Island, with half a million living in eastern Java. Some Madurese form a subgroup called Pandalungan Madurese, speaking a mix of Javanese and Madurese languages.[3]

Population and Distribution change

Official data on the Madurese population in Indonesia vary. The 2010 census states they make up 3.03% of the country's population, around 7.2 million people. Some sources suggest larger figures of 10.5 to 10.8 million. Regardless, Madurese people are among Indonesia's largest ethnic groups, ranking fourth after the Javanese, Sundanese, and Batak. Historically, Madurese inhabit Madura Island, smaller islands in the Java Sea, and parts of Java and Kalimantan islands. Significant Madurese communities exist in Jakarta, Bali, Bangka Belitung Islands, and even in neighboring countries like Singapore.[4]

Language and Religion change

Radḍin Sâgara, the Madurese manuscript written in Javanese script.

The Madurese people speak the Madurese language, a Madura-Kangeanic language in the Austronesian family. The language varies across Madura Island, with Sumenep Madurese considered the standard. Madurese is recognized by the East Java provincial government and is used as a co-official language in certain regions, mainly in Madura.[5]

The majority of Madurese people practice Islam, mainly following the Sunni sect system of Nahdlatul Ulama. Muslim theologians play a important role in their spiritual and social life. Many Madurese individuals receive education in traditional local Muslim schools called Pondhuk Pâsantrèn, which also contribute significantly to their spiritual and social development.[6]

References change

  1. Farjon, I. (1980). Madura and surrounding islands: an annotated bibliography 1860 - 1942. Bibliographical series / Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde. The Hague: Nijhoff. ISBN 978-90-247-2410-9.
  2. "Madurese | Madurese Culture, Language & Religion | Britannica". Retrieved 2023-12-20.
  3. "Kewarganegaraan, Suku Bangsa, Agama dan Bahasa Sehari-hari Penduduk Indonesia Hasil Sensus Penduduk 2010". 2017-07-10. Archived from the original on 2017-07-10. Retrieved 2023-12-20.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  4. "Madura". Ethnologue. Retrieved 20 December 2023.
  5. Darrell T. Tryon, ed. (2011). Comparative Austronesian Dictionary: An Introduction to Austronesian Studies. Walter de Gruyter. ISBN 978-31-108-8401-2.
  6. Лев Миронович Минц, ed. (2007). "Ûрий Дмитриевич Анчабадзе". Народы мира. ОЛМА Медиа Групп. p. 305. ISBN 978-53-730-1057-3.