Mexican Americans are Americans of Mexican ancestry. They account for 9% of the country's population: about 28.3 million Americans listed their ancestry as Mexican as of 2006. They form the largest Hispanic or Latino group in the United States and contain the largest group of White Hispanics. Mexican Americans trace their ancestry to the modern day country of Mexico or the Southwestern United States.
11.2% of total U.S. population, 2016
|Regions with significant populations|
|West Coast; California, Nevada, Southwest; Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, Texas, and Chicago area; there are also emerging populations in the Southeast, the Upper Midwest, and the Northeast.|
|Primarily Spanish and English, small minorities of Low German (Plautdietsch)  and Indigenous Mexican languages.|
|Predominantly Roman Catholic; also Protestant, Anabaptist, Aztec religion adherent, Atheist|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Other Mexican diaspora|
Most Mexican Americans live in the four states that border Mexico, California, Texas, Arizona and New Mexico. The areas in and around Los Angeles is home to over six million Mexican Americans. Many of these live in mainly Hispanic neighborhoods such as East Los Angeles. Cities and suburbs with a large Mexican population in California are Montebello, Azusa, South Gate, La Puente, Baldwin Park, El Monte and Pico Rivera. There are also a number of large Mexican American communities in other areas of the Western and Southwestern United States. Though Chicago is not in the Western or Southwestern United States, it has 1.4 million Mexican Americans, more Mexican Americans than any city except Los Angeles. The metro areas of Dallas, Houston, and Phoenix each have more than one million Mexicans. There are a growing number of Mexican Americans in the Midwest and South.
Most Mexican Americans are "mestizos", or of more than one ethnicity. Most of their heritage is the indigenous indios of Mexico, but it often contains other groups, such as Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Irish and Native American tribes from the U.S. such as Apache. Mexican Americans also have 4.2% African ancestry. Some Mexican Americans are gypsies, Jews, Europeans, Arabs, Asians and black Mexicans who immigrated from Mexico to the United States.
Cholo is a Mexican American gang subculture. Cholo style includes clothing, makeup, speech patterns, hand signals, tattoos, and graffiti. Cholo slang is called Caló, a term derived from the slang of Roma gypsies from Spain, whose dialect is called Caló.
- US Census Bureau 2016 American Community Survey B03001 1-Year Estimates HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN BY SPECIFIC ORIGIN retrieved September 14, 2017.
- Burke, By Garance. "Agriculture draws Mennonites to Kansas - CJOnline.com". cjonline.com. Retrieved 7 October 2017.
- Tafoya, Sonya (2004-12-06). "Shades of Belonging" (PDF). Pew Hispanic Center. Retrieved 2008-07-09.
- "American Fact Finder". Retrieved 2010-08-08.
- "Mexico". Retrieved 2008-07-09.
- "LOS EXTRANJEROS EN MÉXICO, LA INMIGRACIÓN Y EL GOBIERNO: ¿TOLERANCIA O INTOLERANCIA RELIGIOSA?" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 2008-07-09.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mexican Americans.|
- California Ethnic and Multicultural Archives – In the Chicano/Latino Collections - University of California Santa Barbara
- California Ethnic and Multicultural Archives – Digital Chicano Art - University of California Santa Barbara
- Calisphere > California Cultures > Hispanic Americans - University of California System
- ImaginArte – Interpreting and Re-imaging Chican@Art - University of California Santa Barbara
- Manifest Destinies: The Making of the Mexican American Race (book)
- Mexican-American.org – Network of the Mexican American Community
- Mexican Americans MSN Encarta (Archived 2009-11-01)
- Think Mexican – News, Culture, and Information on the Mexican Community