Murad II

6th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (r. 1421–1444, 1446–1451)

Murad II (Ottoman Turkish: مراد ثانى, romanized: Murād-ı sānī, Turkish: II. Murad, 16 June 1404[1][2] – 3 February 1451) was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1421 to 1444 and from 1446 to 1451.

Murad II
Painting of Murad II by Paolo Veronese, c. 16th century
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (Padishah)
First reign26 May 1421 – August 1444
PredecessorMehmed I
SuccessorMehmed II
Second reignSeptember 1446 – 3 February 1451
PredecessorMehmed II
SuccessorMehmed II
Born16 June 1404[1][2]
Amasya, Ottoman Empire
Died3 February 1451(1451-02-03) (aged 46)
Edirne, Ottoman Empire
IssueSee below
Full name
Sultan Murad Şah bin Mehemmed Şah Khan[3]
FatherMehmed I
MotherEmine Hatun or Şehzade Hatun
ReligionSunni Islam
TughraMurad II's signature

Murad II's reign was a period of important economic development. The amount of trade grew during his rule. Ottoman cities grew larger as well. In 1432, Bertrandon de la Broquière noted that Ottoman yearly revenue rose to 2,500,000 ducats. He said that if Murad II had used all of the resources of the Empire, he could easily have invaded Europe.[4] Murad II defeated a large group of Crusader armies from different states of Europe at the Battle of Varna.

Refernces change

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Murad II | Ottoman sultan". Encyclopedia Britannica.
  2. 2.0 2.1 محمد فريد; حقيق: الدُكتور إحسان حقّي (2006). تاريخ الدولة العليَّة العُثمانيَّة. Beirut - Lebanon. p. 153.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  3. Avery Plaw, (2012), The Metamorphosis of War, p. 128
  4. Halil İnalcık (1973). The Ottoman Empire: The Classical Age 1300-1600. pp. 21–22.