Nicolae Ceauşescu (pronounced [ni.koˈla.e tʃa.uˈʃes.ku]; 26 January 1918 – 25 December 1989) was the President of Romania from 1965 until 1989. After the Romanian Revolution of 1989 he was deposed, tried and publicly executed by a firing squad along with his wife Elena Ceaușescu. He had been the only Communist dictator of Eastern Europe who had been charged for crimes against humanity and genocide during the revolutions of 1989. As of 2021, his execution was the last one on Romanian soil.
|General Secretary of the Romanian Communist Party|
22 March 1965 – 22 December 1989
|Preceded by||Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej|
|Succeeded by||Party abolished|
|7th President of Romania|
9 December 1967 – 22 December 1989
|Preceded by||Chivu Stoica|
|Succeeded by||Ion Iliescu|
|Born||26 January 1918|
Scorniceşti, Olt, Romania
|Died||25 December 1989 (aged 71)|
Târgovişte, Dâmboviţa, Romania
|Political party||Communist Party of Romania|
|Children||Valentin Ceauşescu, Zoia Ceauşescu, Nicu Ceauşescu|
- "The abolition of capital punishment in Europe". www.capitalpunishmentuk.org. Retrieved 2021-01-21.
- East, Roger; Pontin, Jolyon (2016-10-06). Revolution and Change in Central and Eastern Europe: Revised Edition. Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4742-8748-7.
- "Ceauşescu, între legendă şi adevăr: data naşterii şi alegerea numelui de botez". web.archive.org. 2018-06-12. Retrieved 2021-05-07.