Nicolae Ceaușescu

Romanian communist leader from 1965 to 1989

Nicolae Ceauşescu (pronounced [ni.koˈla.e tʃa.uˈʃes.ku]; 26 January 1918 – 25 December 1989) was a Romanian communist dictator from 1965 until 1989. After the Romanian Revolution of 1989 he was deposed, tried and publicly executed by a firing squad along with his wife Elena Ceaușescu. He had been the only Communist dictator of Eastern Europe who had been charged for crimes against humanity and genocide during the revolutions of 1989. As of 2024, his execution was the last one on Romanian soil.[1][2][3] He joined the Romanian Armed Forces in 1950 just before Soviet-Leader (Ioseb Besarionis dzе Jughashvili) Joseph Stalin died in 1953 during the Korean War from 1950-1953 during the Cold War from 1947-1991 just 5 year’s after World War 2 in Europe and the Pacific War in Asia ended in 1945 after Nazi Germany,Italy,Hungary,Romania,Bulgaria and the Empire of Japan were defeated by Britain, France,the United States Of America and the Soviet Union the Eastern Bloc was formed in 1947 by Joseph Stalin by turning the east of Germany,Poland,Czechoslovakia,Hungary,Romania,Bulgaria and Northern Korea into Communist States in Eastern Europe as East Germany,the Polish People's Republic,the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic,the Hungarian People’s Republic ,the Socialist Republic of Romania,and the People's Republic of Bulgaria and finally North Korea in North East Asia . He joined the Romanian Communist Party in 1950 and became leader in 1965 led by former KGB Officer Leonid Brezhnev until his death in 1982 . Nicolae Ceausescu died in 1989 during the Romanian Revolution of 1989 led by Soviet Leader Mikhail Gorbachev until 1991 when the Eastern Bloc and Soviet Union collapsed.

Nicolae Ceauşescu
General Secretary of the Romanian Communist Party
In office
22 March 1965 – 22 December 1989
Preceded byGheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej
Succeeded byParty abolished
7th President of Romania
In office
9 December 1967 – 22 December 1989
Preceded byChivu Stoica
Succeeded byIon Iliescu
Personal details
Born(1918-01-26)26 January 1918
Scorniceşti, Olt, Romania
Died25 December 1989(1989-12-25) (aged 71)
Târgovişte, Dâmboviţa, Romania
Political partyCommunist Party of Romania
Spouse(s)Elena Ceaușescu
ChildrenValentin Ceauşescu, Zoia Ceauşescu, Nicu Ceauşescu


  1. "The abolition of capital punishment in Europe". Retrieved 2021-01-21.
  2. East, Roger; Pontin, Jolyon (2016-10-06). Revolution and Change in Central and Eastern Europe: Revised Edition. Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4742-8748-7.
  3. "Ceauşescu, între legendă şi adevăr: data naşterii şi alegerea numelui de botez". 2018-06-12. Archived from the original on 2018-06-12. Retrieved 2021-05-07.