Sacramento, California

capital city of California, United States

Sacramento is the capital of the U.S. state of California. The governor and legislature of California are in Sacramento. About 520,000 people live in Sacramento. About 2,000,000 live in and around Sacramento.

Sacramento, California
City of Sacramento
Downtown Sacramento
California State Capitol
Crocker Art Museum West
Sacramento Riverfront
California Supreme Court
Flag of Sacramento, California
Official seal of Sacramento, California
Latin: Urbs Indomita
(English: "Indomitable City")
Location within Sacramento County in California
Location within Sacramento County in California
Sacramento is located in California
Location within the United States
Sacramento is located in the United States
Sacramento (the United States)
Sacramento is located in North America
Sacramento (North America)
Coordinates: 38°34′54″N 121°29′40″W / 38.58167°N 121.49444°W / 38.58167; -121.49444
CountryUnited States
RegionSacramento Valley
IncorporatedFebruary 27, 1850; 174 years ago (1850-02-27)[1]
Chartered1920; 104 years ago (1920)[2]
Named forSacrament of the Holy Eucharist
 • TypeCity Council[3]
 • BodySacramento City Council
 • MayorDarrell Steinberg (D[4])
 • City Council[4]
Council Members
  • Angelique Ashby
  • Sean Loloee
  • Jeff Harris
  • Katie Valenzuela
  • Jay Schenirer
  • Eric Guerra
  • Rick Jennings II
  • Mai Vang
 • City99.77 sq mi (258.41 km2)
 • Land97.68 sq mi (253.00 km2)
 • Water2.09 sq mi (5.41 km2)  2.19%
Elevation30 ft (9 m)
 • City524,943
 • Rank35th in the United States
6th in California
 • Density5,374.11/sq mi (2,074.87/km2)
 • Metro2,397,382 (26th)
Time zoneUTC−8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP codes
942xx, 958xx
Area code916 and 279
Interstates [9]
U.S. routes[9]
State highways [9]

Sacramento comes from Spanish and Portuguese for holy rite. A sacrament is a religious act that gives people divine grace (being liked or favored by God.)

Sacramento was started in 1848 by John Sutter. It was a very important place during the California Gold Rush. The Gold Rush was the time after gold was found in California. Many people came to California to find gold. They did this to make money. During the Gold Rush, Sacramento was where the railroad ended. It was also where the Pony Express stopped.

Sacramento is near where the American River meets the Sacramento River. This was important when Sacramento was founded. It meant that ships could bring things to Sacramento from the Pacific Ocean. Sacramento was a railroad town. This made Sacramento a port town. This made it a very important place for business.

The majority of Sacramento's foreign-born population are from Mexico, the Philippines, Vietnam, Ukraine and Laos.[10]

The Sacramento River and the buildings in the background.
Old Town Sacramento


  1. "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on February 21, 2013. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  2. "City Hall". City of Sacramento. Archived from the original on February 21, 2015. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
  3. "City Hall". City of Sacramento. Archived from the original on February 21, 2015. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Mayor & Council". City of Sacramento. Archived from the original on December 16, 2014. Retrieved December 14, 2014.
  5. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  6. "Sacramento". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved January 28, 2013.
  7. "QuickFacts: Fresno city, California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 August 2021.
  8. "2020 Population and Housing State Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 August 2021.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 "Sacramento".
  10. "SACRAMENTO - USC Dornsife - University of Southern California" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2023-10-12. Retrieved 2023-11-19.