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|Timeline of the Nanboku-cho|
- The term "information asymmetry" implicates the study of decision-making where one party has more or better information than the other. In effect, Magog acknowledges an imbalance which might cause decision-making and its consequences to go awry.
- Moral Hazard. Economists distinguish "moral hazard" involving hidden actions from "adverse selection" involving hidden information. Both are special sub-sets of information asymmetry; and both exacerbated in Wikipedia by the unexamined consequences of the hortatory WP:Assume Good Faith.
- Nobel laureate Paul Krugman explains moral hazard as "... any situation in which one person makes the decision about how much risk to take, while someone else bears the cost if things go badly."
- Yuryaku Seamount
- Kimmei Seamount
- Koko Seamount
- Ojin Seamount
- Nintoku Seamount
- Suiko Seamount
- Meiji Seamount
- Cormenin, Louis-Marie de Lahaye. (1859).A complete history of the popes of Rome: from Saint Peter, the first bishop, to Pius the ninth, the present pope, including the history of saints, martyrs, fathers, of the church, religious orders, cardinals, inquisitions, schisms, and the great reformers, Vols. I-II.
From north to south, the traditional regions of Japan are:
- Hokkaidō (the island of Hokkaidō and nearby islands, population: 5,507,456, largest city: Sapporo)
- Tōhoku region (northern Honshū, population: 9,335,088, largest city: Sendai)
- Kantō region (eastern Honshū, population: 42,607,376, largest city: Tokyo)
- Chūbu region (central Honshū, including Mt. Fuji, population: 21,714,995, largest city: Nagoya), sometimes divided into:
- Kansai or Kinki region (west-central Honshū, population: 22,755,030, largest city: Osaka)
- Chūgoku region (western Honshū, population: 7,561,899, largest city: Hiroshima)
- Shikoku (island, population: 3,977,205, largest city: Matsuyama)
- Kyūshū (island, population: 14,596,977, largest city: Fukuoka) which includes:
- Yamato Province (now Nara Prefecture)
- Yamashiro Province (now the southern part of Kyōto Prefecture, including the city of Kyōto)
- Kawachi Province (now the southeastern part of Osaka Prefecture)
- Settsu Province (now the northern part of Osaka Prefecture, including the city of Osaka, and parts of Hyōgo Prefecture)
- Izumi Province (now the southern part of Osaka Prefecture)
The seven dō or circuits were administrative areas stretching away from the Kinai region in different directions. Running through each of the seven areas was an actual road of the same name, connecting the imperial capital with all of the provincial capitals along its route. The seven dō were:
- Tōkaidō (running east along Japan's Pacific coast).
- Tōsandō (northeast through the Japanese Alps).
- Hokurikudō (northeast along the Sea of Japan coast).
- San'indō (west along the Sea of Japan coast).
- San'yōdō (west along the northern side of the Seto Inland Sea).
- Nankaidō (south to the Kii Peninsula and the islands of Awaji and Shikoku).
- Saikaidō (the “western” island, Kyūshū).
The Gokishichidō roads should not be confused with the Edo Five Routes (五街道 Gokaidō), which were the five major roads leading to Edo during the Edo Period (1603–1867). The Tōkaidō (road) was one of the five routes, but the others were not.