1190 (MCXC) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1190th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 190th year of the 2nd millennium, the 90th year of the 12th century, and the 1st year of the 1190s decade.
|Centuries:||11th century – 12th century – 13th century|
|Decades:||1160s 1170s 1180s – 1190s – 1200s 1210s 1220s|
|Years:||1187 1188 1189 – 1190 – 1191 1192 1193|
|Ab urbe condita||1943|
|Balinese saka calendar||1111–1112|
|English Regnal year||1 Ric. 1 – 2 Ric. 1|
|Chinese calendar||己酉年 (Earth Rooster)|
3886 or 3826
— to —
庚戌年 (Metal Dog)
3887 or 3827
|- Vikram Samvat||1246–1247|
|- Shaka Samvat||1111–1112|
|- Kali Yuga||4290–4291|
|Japanese calendar||Bunji 6 / Kenkyū 1|
|Minguo calendar||722 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||1501/1502 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1732–1733|
1316 or 935 or 163
— to —
1317 or 936 or 164
- March 16 — Massacre and mass-suicide of the Jews of York, England prompted by Crusaders and Richard Malebys kill 150–500 Jews in Clifford's Tower.
- June 10 — Third Crusade: Frederick I Barbarossa drowned in the Saleph River while leading an army to Jerusalem.
- October 4 — Richard I of England threatens war against Tancred of Sicily, and captures Messina
- "On the Harmony of Religions and Philosophy" (ar. Kitab fasl al-maqal) first published.
- Coronation of Richard I of England (the Lion-Hearted)
- Anti-Jewish riots in England.
- In Myanmar, Anawrahta's lineage regains control with the assistance of Sri Lanka. Pagan has been in anarchy. The new regime reforms Burmese Buddhism on Sri Lankan Theravada models.
- Henry I becomes Duke of Brabant.
- Richard I of England and Philip II of France meet at Vézelay, beginning the Third Crusade.
- Stevan Nemanja founds the Studenica monastery in Serbia.
- The feudal era of Japan begins.
- Cartmel Priory founded
- Vincent of Beauvais, Dominican friar and encyclopedist (d. 1264)
- Peter I, Duke of Brittany (d. 1251)
- William III of Sicily (d. 1198)
- William of Sherwood, English logician (d. 1249)
- March 15 Isabelle of Hainaut, queen of Philip II of France (b. 1170)
- June 10 — Frederick Barbarossa, Holy Roman Emperor, (drowned) (b. 1122)
- July 25 — Sibylla of Jerusalem, Queen of Jerusalem (b. c. 1160)
- William Fitzstephen, servant of Thomas à Becket and sheriff of Gloucester
- Ranulf de Glanvill, chief justiciar of England
- Robert de Beaumont, 3rd Earl of Leicester