1684 was a leap year that started on Saturday when using the Gregorian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 16th century17th century18th century
Decades: 1650s  1660s  1670s  – 1680s –  1690s  1700s  1710s
Years: 1681 1682 168316841685 1686 1687
1684 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar1684
Ab urbe condita2437
Armenian calendar1133
Assyrian calendar6434
Balinese saka calendar1605–1606
Bengali calendar1091
Berber calendar2634
English Regnal year35 Cha. 2 – 36 Cha. 2
Buddhist calendar2228
Burmese calendar1046
Byzantine calendar7192–7193
Chinese calendar癸亥(Water Pig)
4380 or 4320
    — to —
甲子年 (Wood Rat)
4381 or 4321
Coptic calendar1400–1401
Discordian calendar2850
Ethiopian calendar1676–1677
Hebrew calendar5444–5445
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1740–1741
 - Shaka Samvat1605–1606
 - Kali Yuga4784–4785
Holocene calendar11684
Igbo calendar684–685
Iranian calendar1062–1063
Islamic calendar1095–1096
Japanese calendarTenna 4 / Jōkyō 1
Javanese calendar1606–1607
Julian calendarGregorian minus 10 days
Korean calendar4017
Minguo calendar228 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar216
Thai solar calendar2226–2227
Tibetan calendar阴水猪年
(female Water-Pig)
1810 or 1429 or 657
    — to —
(male Wood-Rat)
1811 or 1430 or 658


  • July 24 – René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle sails from France, again, with a large expedition designed to establish a French colony on the Gulf of Mexico, at the mouth of the Mississippi River.
  • October 7Japanese Chief Minister Hotta Masatoshi is assassinated, leaving Shogun Tsunayoshi without any adequate advisors, leading him to issue impractical edicts and create hardships for the Japanese people.
  • December 10Isaac Newton's derivation of Kepler's laws from his theory of gravity, contained in the paper De motu corporum in gyrum, is read to the Royal Society by Edmund Halley.


  • France under Louis XIV makes Truce of Ratisbon separately with the Holy Roman Empire (Habsburg) and Spain.
  • Pope Innocent XI forms a Holy League with the Habsburg Empire, Venice and Poland to liberate Europe from the Ottoman Turkish rule.
  • The Japanese poet Saikaku composes 23,500 verses in 24 hours at the Sumiyoshi Shrine at Osaka; the scribes cannot keep pace with his dictation and just count the verses.
  • The British East India Company receives Chinese permission to build a trading station at Canton. Tea sells in Europe for less than a shilling a pound, but the import duty of 5 shillings makes it too expensive for most English people to afford.
  • Smuggled tea is drunk much more than legally imported tea.
  • England has its coldest winter in living memory; the River Thames and the sea as far as 2 miles out from land freezes over.
  • John Bunyan writes The Pilgrim's Progress Part 2.
  • The Chipperfield's Circus dynasty begins when James Chipperfield introduces performing animals to England at the River Thames frost fairs on the Thames in London.


  • January 1 – Arnold Drakenborch, Dutch classical scholar (died 1748)
  • January 14 – Jean-Baptiste van Loo, French painter (died 1745)
  • February 24 – Matthias Braun, Czech sculptor (died 1738)
  • March 15 – Francesco Durante, Italian composer (died 1755)
  • March 19 – Jean Astruc, French physician and scholar (died 1766)
  • April 15 – Catherine I of Russia (died 1727)
  • June 22 – Francesco Manfredini, Italian composer (died 1762)
  • September 18 – Johann Gottfried Walther, German music theorist, organist, and composer (died 1748)
  • October 10 – Antoine Watteau, French painter (died 1721)
  • October 26 – Kurt Christoph Graf von Schwerin, Prussian field marshal (died 1757)
  • December 3 – Ludvig Holberg, Norwegian historian and writer (died 1754)


  • April 1 – Roger Williams, English theologian and colonist (born 1603)
  • April 5 – Lord William Brouncker, English mathematician (born 1602)
  • May 4 – John Nevison, English highwayman (born 1639)
  • May 12 – Edme Mariotte, French physicist and priest (born c.1620)
  • July 2 – John Rogers, American President of Harvard University (born 1630)
  • July 6 – Peter Gunning, English royalist churchman (born 1614)
  • August 8 – George Booth, 1st Baron Delamer (born 1622)
  • October 1 – Pierre Corneille, French playwright (born 1606)
  • October 11 – James Tuchet, 3rd Earl of Castlehaven (born 1617)