2005 Atlantic hurricane season

Period of formation of tropical cyclones in the North Atlantic Ocean in 2005

The 2005 Atlantic hurricane season was the time from June 1 to November 30, 2005 when hurricanes officially formed in the Atlantic Ocean. Storms sometimes form before and after these dates but most storms form during the season. Tropical Storm Zeta formed on December 30 and dissipated on January 6, which is after the November 30 end of the season. It was the most active Atlantic hurricane season in recorded history.

2005 Atlantic hurricane season
Tracks of about 28 tropical storms, including 15 hurricanes, cluster in the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico, with some scattered in the Atlantic. Seven hurricanes are major, and most of them make landfall on the U.S. Gulf coast.
Season summary map
First storm formed June 8, 2005
Last storm dissipated January 6, 2006
(record latest, tied with 1954)
Strongest storm Wilma (Most intense hurricane in the Atlantic basin) – 882 mbar (hPa) (26.06 inHg), 185 mph (295 km/h) (1-minute sustained)
Total depressions 31 (record high)
Total storms 28
Hurricanes 15 (record high)
Major hurricanes (Cat. 3+) 7 (record high, tied with 2020)
Total fatalities 3,960 total
Total damage $180.7 billion (2005 USD)
(Second-costliest tropical cyclone season on record)
Atlantic hurricane seasons
2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007
Related articles

2005 broke many records set. There were 28 storms that were tropical storms which was broken by 2020 and 15 that became hurricanes. For the first time ever storms were named by the Greek alphabet as the normal name list had been used up. The storm which caused the most damage was Hurricane Katrina, which hit New Orleans, USA, and killed over 1000 people. The strongest storm of the season was not Katrina, it was Hurricane Wilma. Wilma was the strongest hurricane ever in the Atlantic Ocean, reaching a record low pressure of 882 mbar.

Storms change

2005 Atlantic hurricane season
TS Arlene
TS Bret
1 Cindy
 4  Dennis
5 Emily
TS Franklin
TS Gert
TS Harvey
2 Irene
TD 10
TS Jose
5 Katrina
TS Lee
3 Maria
1 Nate
 1  Ophelia
1 Philippe
5 Rita
TD 19
1 Stan
SS Unnamed
TS Tammy
SD 22
1 Vince
5 Wilma
TS Alpha
3 Beta
TS Gamma
TS Delta
1 Epsilon
TS Zeta
STORM CLASSIFICATIONS: Numbers 1 - 5 indicate Hurricanes, from 1 (weakest) to 5 (strongest)
TS Tropical Storm | TD Tropical Depression | SS Subtropical Storm | SD Subtropical Depression

Tropical Storm Arlene change

Tropical storm
DurationJune 8 – June 13
Peak intensity70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min)  989 mbar (hPa)

Arlene, the first storm of the season, formed near Honduras on June 8 and moved north. It came close to western Cuba on June 10 before entering the Gulf of Mexico. Arlene strengthened just below hurricane strength before making landfall on western Florida. The storm quickly weakened while moving inland, and later became an extratropical remnant on June 13.[1]

Tropical Storm Bret change

Tropical storm
DurationJune 28 – June 30
Peak intensity45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min)  1002 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Bret was a weak tropical storm that formed as Tropical Depression Two in the western Gulf of Mexico, then quickly became Tropical Storm Bret. The storm made landfall in Tuxpan, Veracruz, Mexico the next morning. It dissipated on June 30. The storm cause 2 deaths and $9 million in damage.[2]

Hurricane Cindy change

Category 1 hurricane
DurationJuly 3 – July 7
Peak intensity75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min)  991 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Cindy was a tropical cyclone that reached minimal hurricane strength for a very short time in the Gulf of Mexico during July and made landfall in Louisiana. It was the third named storm and first hurricane of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season. Hurricane Cindy left 3 deaths and $320 million in damage.[3]

Hurricane Dennis change

Category 4 hurricane
DurationJuly 4 – July 13
Peak intensity150 mph (240 km/h) (1-min)  930 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Dennis was very powerful hurricane that reached a peak of 150 mph. Hurricane Dennis moved mostly northwestward in its track. It made landfall in Grenada, and almost made landfall in Jamaica, and also made landfall in Cuba, and Florida (United States).[4]

Hurricane Emily change

Category 5 hurricane
DurationJuly 11 – July 21
Peak intensity160 mph (260 km/h) (1-min)  929 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Emily was the strongest and only known category 5 hurricane in July. It beat a record in strength set by Hurricane Dennis only 6 days before. Hurricane Emily was one of four category 5 hurricanes in 2005. Hurricane Emily caused about 17 deaths and $1.014 billion in damage.[5]

Tropical Storm Franklin change

Tropical storm
DurationJuly 21 – July 29
Peak intensity70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min)  997 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Franklin formed north of the Bahamas on July 21 and moved steadily across the western Atlantic while coming close to Bermuda on July 26. Later, Franklin became an extratropical cyclone near Newfoundland, before being absorbed by another non-tropical system. Franklin caused no damages and killed no people while it stayed in the ocean during most of its life.[6]

Tropical Storm Gert change

Tropical storm
DurationJuly 23 – July 25
Peak intensity45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min)  1005 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Gert was a weak and short lived storm. Tropical Storm Gert formed in the Bay of Campeche on July 23. The storm made landfall in Mexico and dissipated on July 25.[7]

Tropical Storm Harvey change

Tropical storm
DurationAugust 2 – August 8
Peak intensity65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min)  994 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Harvey was a strong tropical storm that moved across the Atlantic Ocean from August 2 to August 8. Harvey caused no damages or deaths and was the eighth named storm of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season. Tropical Storm Harvey only affected Bermuda.[8]

Hurricane Irene change

Category 2 hurricane
DurationAugust 4 – August 18
Peak intensity105 mph (165 km/h) (1-min)  970 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Irene was a rather long lived storm (about 2 weeks). It took it a while to become a hurricane. The only effects from Irene were large waves. Irene caused no damage or deaths.[9]

Tropical Storm Jose change

Tropical storm
DurationAugust 22 – August 23
Peak intensity60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  998 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Jose was a strong but very short lived storm. It quickly formed in the Bay of Campeche and made landfall in Mexico. Tropical Storm Jose dissipated the next day. Tropical Storm Jose caused 8 deaths and $45 million in damages.[10]

Hurricane Katrina change

Category 5 hurricane
DurationAugust 23 – August 30
Peak intensity175 mph (280 km/h) (1-min)  902 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Katrina was a powerful category 5 hurricane. Katrina was the costliest hurricane in U.S. history. Katrina devastated the U.S. Gulf Coast, especially New Orleans, a city in Louisiana. It beat the old record from Hurricane Andrew. Katrina left $125 billion in damage and 1,836 dead.[11]

Tropical Storm Lee change

Tropical storm
DurationAugust 28 – September 2
Peak intensity40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1006 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Lee formed east of the Lesser Antilles as a tropical depression on August 28. On the next day, the depression weakened into a tropical low. The low then moved north and became stronger. It became a tropical storm for a short time on August 31. Lee quickly weakened again into a remnant low and was absorbed by a cold front on September 2.[12]

Hurricane Maria change

Category 3 hurricane
DurationSeptember 1 – September 10
Peak intensity115 mph (185 km/h) (1-min)  962 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Maria was a major hurricane in September 2005. This storm was rare because it affected New Jersey, Iceland, Scotland, and Norway. Hurricane Maria caused 3 deaths and $3.1 million in damage.[13]

Hurricane Nate change

Category 1 hurricane
DurationSeptember 5 – September 10
Peak intensity90 mph (150 km/h) (1-min)  979 mbar (hPa)

Nate was a category 1 hurricane. Hurricane Nate also helped Hurricane Maria kill one person in Bermuda, and another in New Jersey.

Hurricane Ophelia change

Category 1 hurricane
DurationSeptember 6 – September 17
Peak intensity85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  976 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Ophelia was a category 1 hurricane in September of 2005. It moved strangely just offshore of the United States. In all, Ophelia killed 3 people and caused $70 million in damage, mostly to North Carolina.

Hurricane Philippe change

Category 1 hurricane
DurationSeptember 17 – September 23
Peak intensity80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min)  985 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Philippe was a category 1 hurricane that moved near land, but did not affect land. This was the third of eleven uses of a "P" name.

Hurricane Rita change

Category 5 hurricane
DurationSeptember 18 – September 26
Peak intensity180 mph (285 km/h) (1-min)  895 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Rita was a powerful category 5 hurricane that started east of the Bahamas on September 26. It moved south of Florida and into the Gulf of Mexico. Rita became a category 5 hurricane very fast, then made landfall. Hurricane Rita made landfall as a category 3 hurricane in Texas, on September 24. By September 26, Rita had died over the U.S. The hurricane killed about 120 people and caused $10 billion in damage. This was only the second time that an "R" name was used in the Atlantic, the first being Roxanne.

Hurricane Stan change

Category 1 hurricane
DurationOctober 1 – October 5
Peak intensity80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min)  977 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Stan was the sixth of the seven storms in 2005 to make landfall in Mexico. The storm caused $1 billion in Mexico and the Central American region. The exact number of people killed is unknown, but the guess is around 1,660, though it could be up to 2,000.

Tropical Storm Tammy change

Tropical storm
DurationOctober 5 – October 6
Peak intensity50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  1001 mbar (hPa)

Tammy was a tropical storm that only existed for a total of two days and brought minor damages to the southeastern United States. It peaked with 50 mph (85 km/h) just before making landfall on the northern Florida coast. Tammy formed from a strong non-tropical low on October 5 just off the Floridan coast. It moved north, peaking with 50 mph (85 km/h) winds just before making landfall on Atlantic Beach, Florida on October 6. Tammy died shortly later. Most of the damages were losses from FEMA that totaled up to $30 million. Tammy also killed 10 people. This was only the second time that a name starting with the letter "T" in the Atlantic Ocean. The first use was from Hurricane Tanya in 1995.

Hurricane Vince change

Category 1 hurricane
DurationOctober 8 – October 11
Peak intensity75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min)  988 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Vince was a very rare and unusual hurricane. Hurricane Vince formed in the Atlantic, in a location where the water was too cold for a storm to form. It was only a hurricane for about 6 hours. The storm performed another rare feat, which was making landfall in Spain. This was the first time that a "V" name had been used in the Atlantic.[14]

Hurricane Wilma change

Category 5 hurricane
DurationOctober 15 – October 25
Peak intensity185 mph (295 km/h) (1-min)  882 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Wilma was the strongest hurricane ever recorded in the Atlantic Ocean. Hurricane Wilma lasted as a storm from mid to later October in 2005. Wilma left $28.8 billion in damage, mostly to Florida and the Yucatán Peninsula.

Tropical Storm Alpha change

Tropical storm
DurationOctober 22 – October 24
Peak intensity50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  998 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Alpha was the first tropical storm to get a Greek alphabet name. It caused 43 people to die over Haiti, Dominican Republic, and the Bahamas. All of this happened before Hurricane Wilma absorbed Alpha on October 24.

Hurricane Beta change

Category 3 hurricane
DurationOctober 26 – October 31
Peak intensity115 mph (185 km/h) (1-min)  962 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Beta was a category 3 hurricane in late October, 2005. It strengthened fast and made landfall in Nicaragua, before it died on October 31. Beta caused about 4 deaths and $3 million in damage.

Tropical Storm Gamma change

Tropical storm
DurationNovember 14 – November 21
Peak intensity50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  1002 mbar (hPa)

Gamma was a tropical storm that started in the middle of November. It crossed the Caribbean Sea and dissipated during this time. Tropical Storm Gamma reformed north of Honduras, before it again died. The tropical storm killed about 41 people in Honduras.

Tropical Storm Delta change

Tropical storm
DurationNovember 22 – November 28
Peak intensity70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min)  980 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Delta was a strong tropical storm. It killed at least 7 people in the Canary Islands and caused about $360 million in damage. The remains were last seen over Morocco.

Hurricane Epsilon change

Category 1 hurricane
DurationNovember 29 – December 8
Peak intensity85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  981 mbar (hPa)

Epsilon was a rare December hurricane, the first since Hurricane Lili in 1984. Forecasters incorrectly guessed on how much time it would take for Epsilon to dissipate. Epsilon did not come anywhere near land.

Tropical Storm Zeta change

Tropical storm
DurationDecember 30 – January 6
Peak intensity65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min)  994 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Zeta was the last storm of 2005. The storm formed on December 30 over cold waters in the Atlantic. Tropical Storm Zeta dissipated on January 6, 2006. It was only one of two storms to live in two different years (the other was Hurricane Alice, which was in 1954 and 1955). The storm did not affect land or cause any deaths or damage.[15]

Other storms change

There were also four storms in and around the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season that were not given any names: Tropical Depression Ten(10), Tropical Depression Nineteen(19), Subtropical Depression Twenty-two(22), and a subtropical storm that was not found until after it had happened. A subtropical cyclone is a storm that is not quite a tropical cyclone, but is more tropical than an extratropical cyclone.

Retirement change

In the spring of 2006, Hurricane Dennis, Hurricane Katrina, Hurricane Rita, Hurricane Stan, and Hurricane Wilma were retired for the damages they caused, and were replaced by Don, Katia, Rina, Sean and Whitney for 2011.

References change

  1. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-AL012005_Arlene.pdf
  2. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-AL022005_Bret.pdf
  3. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-AL032005_Cindy.pdf
  4. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-AL042005_Dennis.pdf
  5. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-AL052005_Emily.pdf
  6. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-AL062005_Franklin.pdf
  7. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-AL072005_Gert.pdf
  8. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-AL082005_Harvey.pdf
  9. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-AL092005_Irene.pdf
  10. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-AL112005_Jose.pdf
  11. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-AL122005_Katrina.pdf
  12. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-AL132005_Lee.pdf
  13. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-AL142005_Maria.pdf
  14. "Tropical Cyclone Report - Hurricane Vince" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-07-10. Retrieved 2009-08-20.
  15. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-AL312005_Zeta.pdf