Bill Clements

American businessman, politician and former Governor of Texas (1917–2011)

William Perry "Bill" Clements, Jr. (April 13, 1917 – May 29, 2011) was the 42nd and 44th Governor of Texas, serving from 1979 to 1983 and 1987 to 1991. Clements was the first Republican to have served as governor of the U.S. state of Texas since Reconstruction. Clements' eight years in office were the most served by any Texan governor prior to former Governor Rick Perry.

Bill Clements
42nd & 44th Governor of Texas
In office
January 20, 1987 – January 15, 1991
LieutenantWilliam P. Hobby Jr.
Preceded byMark White
Succeeded byAnn Richards
In office
January 16, 1979 – January 18, 1983
LieutenantWilliam P. Hobby Jr.
Preceded byDolph Briscoe
Succeeded byMark White
United States Secretary of Defense
In office
May 24, 1973 – July 2, 1973
PresidentRichard Nixon
Preceded byElliot Richardson
Succeeded byJames R. Schlesinger
United States Deputy Secretary of Defense
In office
January 30, 1973 – January 20, 1977
PresidentRichard Nixon
Gerald Ford
Preceded byKenneth Rush
Succeeded byCharles Duncan Jr.
Personal details
William Perry Clements Jr.

(1917-04-13)April 13, 1917
Dallas, Texas, U.S.
DiedMay 29, 2011(2011-05-29) (aged 94)
Dallas, Texas, U.S.
Resting placeGrove Hill Memorial Park Dallas, Texas
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)(1) Pauline Allen Gill
(2) Rita Crocker Clements
Children2, 4 stepchildren
ResidenceDallas, Texas
Alma materSouthern Methodist University (dropped out)
ProfessionOil driller
Military service
Allegiance United States
Branch/service United States Army United States Army Corps of Engineers
Years of service1941–1945
Battles/warsWorld War II
(1) In 1979, Clements became Texas's first Republican governor in 105 years. (2) Clements was an early contributor to the 2008 candidacy of Republican presidential candidate U.S. Senator John McCain of Arizona.

Early career change

Clements was born in Dallas and worked as an oil driller for many years. He studied at Southern Methodist University (SMU) but did not finish a degree. He founded SEDCO in 1947, which became the world's largest offshore drilling company. He entered politics as the United States Deputy Secretary of Defense under Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford. From 1975-1977 he worked under Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld.

In 1975, he married political organizer Rita Crocker Clements.

Governor change

On January 16, 1979, Clements replaced Democrat Dolph Briscoe as governor of Texas. He defeated State Representative Ray Hutchison in the Republican primary by a vote of 115,345 to 38,268. Clements won the November 1978 general election defeating Democrat John Hill. Hill had been the Chief Justice of the Texas Supreme Court and had been the Texas Attorney General for six years. Clements got 49.96% of the votes. With help from the votes of several minor candidates he narrowly won the election. Clements ran for reelection in 1982 but was defeated by Democratic Attorney General Mark White. People think that he lost votes because the economy was bad.

The 1986 return change

After being defeated, Clements was chairman of the board of governors of SMU in Dallas. He ran again in 1986 and won a primary against U.S. Representative Thomas Loeffler of New Braunfels and former Democratic turned Republican Congressman Kent Hance of Lubbock. At the election Clements defeated Governor White getting 52.7% of the votes.[1]

Clements as governor change

His first term was marked by SEDCO's involvement in the then largest oil blowout in history, the Ixtoc I oil spill, which caused extensive environmental damage.[2] Charlie Brooks, Jr., became the first prisoner to be executed by lethal injection (December 1982). Clements faced heavily Democratic state legislatures. In 1980, Clements changed the death penalty for Randall Dale Adams to life in prison. Adams was the subject of The Thin Blue Line, an Errol Morris documentary movie. Adams was found to be innocent in 1989 after serving twelve years in prison.

During his second term, Clements worked to reduce crime, improve education, and boost the Texas economy. He tried to improve relations with Mexico, especially on immigration and the War on Drugs.

Football scandal change

Clements's second term was hurt by actions he took at SMU. On March 3, 1987, Clements admitted that he and the SMU board of governors had approved a secret plan to pay 13 college football players using money from an alumnus. The NCAA shut down the SMU football program for the 1987 season. They did not have a team in 1988 as well. The shutdown and other sanctions hurt the team for many years. The College of Bishops of the United Methodist Church investigated the scandal. The discovered Clements had met with athletic director Bob Hitch, and agreed that the payments had to continue.[3] In late 1985 then SMU President L. Donald Shields and board of trustees chairman Edwin L. Cox wanted to stop the payments completely. Clements told President Shields to "stay out of it" and to "go run the university".[4]

A week later, Clements said he was sorry that he kept making the payments. He said the he had learned about the payments in 1984, and discovered that players had been paid since the mid-1970s. The board "reluctantly and uncomfortably" decided to continue paying players who had already been guaranteed payments. However, he now knows that they should have stopped the payments immediately.[5]

Clements faced calls for his impeachment as a result of these statements. Two state legislators argued that he would have never been elected Governor had told the truth about his role in the scandal. Because of this, Clements did not run for a third term as governor. On January 15, 1991, Democratic state Treasurer Ann Richards replaced him.

Post-political life change

William P. Clements State Office Building in Austin, Texas

After leaving the governorship, Clements worked hard to help Republican candidates seeking office in Texas. He lived in Dallas with his second wife, Rita Crocker. She was later appointed to the University of Texas Regents by Governor George W. Bush. Clements was known for his acerbic, energetic personality, which Democrats hated but Republicans loved. In 1993, he unsuccessfully supported the conservative Congressman Joe Barton in a special election for the U.S. Senate.

Clements High School

In 2006, Clements raised money for U.S. Senator John McCain to run for President.

In June 2009, Clements donated $100 million to UT Southwestern Medical Center, the largest civic donation in Dallas history. A high school in Sugar Land, Texas and a state office building in Austin, Texas are named in honor of Clements.

Death change

On Memorial Day weekend in 2011, Clements died at age 94 in a Dallas hospital from natural causes.[6]

References change

  1. "Bill Clements, Texan to his toenails", Carolyn Barta, Eakin Press 1996, p. 336
  2. See "Oil Rig Disasters at: Archived 2018-08-06 at the Wayback Machine and "Incident News", NOAA site at:
  3. Wangrin, Mark. 20 years after SMU's football scandal Archived 2009-08-03 at the Wayback Machine. San Antonio Express-News, 2007-03-03.
  4. "Bishop's Committee Report on SMU" (PDF). June 19, 1987. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 6, 2012. Retrieved October 28, 2011.
  5. Munoz, T. James. Clements apologizes for SMU role; governor fails to name others involved in football payments[permanent dead link]. The Washington Post, 1987-03-11.
  6. James C. McKinley, Jr. (May 30, 2011). "Bill Clements Dies at 94; Set Texas on G.O.P. Path". The New York Times.

Further reading change

  • Bridges, Kenneth William. "The Twilight of the Texas Democrats: The 1978 Governor's Race," Ph.D. dissertation, University of North Texas, 2003, 281 pages; AAT 3117260 in Proquest

Other websites change