- This article is about the American television channel. For international versions, see Cartoon Network (international)
Cartoon Network (often abbreviated as CN and stylised as CARTOON NETWORK) is an American television channel. It broadcasts television programs that are suitable for older children and teenagers. Most of the shows are animated cartoon series, but some live-action shows are also broadcast. However, at night Cartoon Network switches to Adult Swim which broadcasts programs for adults instead.
|Picture format||1080i HDTV|
(downscaled to letterboxed 480i for the SDTV feed)
|Owner||Warner Bros. Discovery|
|Parent||The Cartoon Network, Inc.|
|Launched||October 1, 1992|
(channel space shared with nighttime programming block Adult Swim and preschool programming block Cartoonito)
|Available on most cable providers||Channel slots vary on each system|
|Dish Network||Channel 176 (East)|
Channel 177 (West)
|DirecTV||Channel 296 (East)|
Channel 297 (West)
Channel 1296 (VOD)
|Google Fiber||Channel 351|
|YouTube TV, Hulu + Live TV, Sling TV|
Cartoon Network first launched in October 1, 1992 through cable and satellite television in the United States by Turner Broadcasting System (or TBS for short). In the early years, many of the shows featured on the channel were classic cartoons and Hanna-Barbera shows. TBS later launched Cartoon Network Studios to make flagship original shows specifically for Cartoon Network.
After successfully launching the channel in the United States, TBS decided to launch the channel in other countries. The Cartoon Network channels in other countries distributes Cartoon Network's original shows in different languages.
On August 9, 1986, Turner Broadcasting System acquired Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer/United Artists. On October 18, Turner forcibly sold back MGM. However, Turner kept much of the film and television library made before May 1986 (including some of the UA library) and formed Turner Entertainment Co. On October 8, 1988, its cable channel Turner Network Television was launched and gained an audience with its extensive film library. In 1991, Turner also purchased the library of animation studio Hanna-Barbera. Ted Turner selected Betty Cohen (then-Senior Vice President of TNT) to devise a network to house these programs. On February 18, 1992, Turner Broadcasting announced its plans to launch Cartoon Network as an outlet for an animation library. On October 1, 1992, the network officially launched as the first 24-hour single-genre cable channel with animation as its main theme. The continuity announcers would call it "The Cartoon Network," until 1995, when it was simply dubbed Cartoon Network as it is today.
In 1994, Hanna-Barbera's new division Cartoon Network Studios was founded and started production on What a Cartoon! This show debuted in 1995, offering original animated shorts. In 1996, Cartoon Network aired two programs: Big Bag, a live-action/puppet show produced by Children's Television Workshop (not counting Sesame Street), and Small World an anthology TV series. Turner Broadcasting System merged with Time Warner, which consolidated/reverted ownership of all the Warner Bros. cartoons. The network could then continue more original productions.
Cartoon Network Studios is the channel’s production company. it was founded in 1995.
- ↑ Delugach, Al (March 4, 1986). "Way Cleared for Turner's MGM Deal". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on May 11, 2011. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
- ↑ Hall, Jane (January 23, 1990). "Ted Turner's TNT Exploding Onto the Cable Scene". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on September 25, 2010. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
- ↑ "TBS Buys Animator Hanna-Barbera Library for $320 Million". Los Angeles Times. Oct 29, 1991. Archived from the original on December 14, 2019. Retrieved December 14, 2019.
- ↑ "Turner Buying Hanna-Barbera". The New York Times. October 30, 1991. Archived from the original on May 10, 2013. Retrieved June 13, 2012.
- ↑ "Betty Cohen". SheMadeIt.com. The Paley Center for Media. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2015-10-17.
- ↑ Carter, Bill (February 19, 1992). "THE MEDIA BUSINESS; Turner Broadcasting Plans To Start a Cartoon Channel". The New York Times. Archived from the original on October 1, 2013. Retrieved April 28, 2013.
- ↑ Lander, Mark (September 23, 1995). "Turner To Merge Into Time Warner, A $7.5 Billion Deal". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 13, 2011. Retrieved July 30, 2010.