Castres, Tarn

commune in Tarn, France

Castres (Occitan: Castras) is a commune in the region of Midi-Pyrénées, in southwestern France. It is the sous-prefecture (capital) of the arrondissement of the same name in the Tarn department.

Houses by the Agout River
Houses by the Agout River
Coat of arms of Castres
Location of Castres
Castres is located in France
Castres is located in Occitanie
Coordinates: 43°36′00″N 2°15′00″E / 43.6000°N 2.2500°E / 43.6000; 2.2500
CantonCastres-1, 2 and 3
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Pascal Bugis
98.17 km2 (37.90 sq mi)
 • Density420/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
81065 /81100
Elevation151–367 m (495–1,204 ft)
(avg. 170 m or 560 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Castres is (after Toulouse, Tarbes and Albi) the fourth largest industrial centre of the mainly rural Midi-Pyrénées région and the largest in that part of Languedoc between Toulouse and Montpellier.

History change

The name of the town comes from Latin castrum, and means "fortified place".

Castres grew up round the Benedictine abbey of Saint Benoît. Castres became an important stop on the international pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela in Spain because its abbey-church, built in the 9th century, was keeping the relics of Saint Vincent, the renowned martyr of Spain. It was a place of some importance as early as the 12th century, and ranked as the second town of the Albigeois behind Albi.

Geography change

Castres is in southern France, in the southwestern part of the Tarn department, to the north of the Montagne Noire, a mountain range in central southern France. Castres is crossed from north to south by the Agout river, a tributary of the Tarn.

The commune has an area of 98.17 km2 (37.90 sq mi) and its average altitude is 259 m (850 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 173 m (568 ft).[1]

Castres is at 42 km (26 mi) southeast of Albi and at 72 km (45 mi) east of Toulouse.

Castres and its neighboring communes

Climate change

The climate of Castres, in the Köppen climate classification, is Cfb - Oceanic climate with template summers.[2]

Population change

The inhabitants of Castres are known, in French, as Castrais (women: Castraises).[3]

The city of Castres has a population, in 2014, of 41,382;[4] its population density is of 422 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Castres

Administration change

Castres is a subprefecture of the Tarn department and the capital of the arrondissement of Castres in the same department. It is also the capital of three Cantons:

  1. Castres-1, formed with a part of Castres (16,890 inhabitants) (2014)
  2. Castres-2, formed with a part of Castres and 6 other communes (15,422 inhabitants) (2014)
  3. Castres-3, formed with a part of Castres and the commune Navès (15,319 inhabitants) (2014)

It is part of the intercommunality Castres - Mazamet (French: Communauté d'agglomération de Castres - Mazamet).

Education change

Sister cities change

Castres is twinned with:

Gallery change

Related pages change

References change

  1. "Castres". Retrieved 1 July 2014.
  2. "La ville de Castres". (in French). Retrieved 1 July 2013.
  3. "Castres (81100)" (in French). Retrieved 1 July 2014.
  4. "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (PDF). Populations légales 2014 (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 1 February 2017.

Other websites change