European Space Agency

European organisation dedicated to space exploration
(Redirected from ESA)

European Space Agency or ESA (ESA; French: Agence spatiale européenne, ASE) is an international organisation with 22 member countries. Its job is to explore space.

European Space Agency
  • Czech: Evropská kosmická agentura
  • Danish: Den Europæiske Rumfartsorganisation
  • German: Europäische Weltraumorganisation
  • Estonian: Euroopa Kosmoseagentuur
  • French: Agence spatiale européenne
  • Finnish: Euroopan avaruusjärjestö
  • Greek: Ευρωπαϊκός Οργανισμός Διαστήματος
  • Hungarian: Európai Űrügynökség
  • Irish: Gníomhaireacht Spáis na hEorpa
  • Italian: Agenzia Spaziale Europea
  • Luxembourgish: Europäesch Weltraumorganisatioun
  • Dutch: Europese Ruimtevaartorganisatie
  • Norwegian: Den europeiske romfartsorganisasjon
  • Nynorsk: Den europeiske romfartsorganisasjonen
  • Polish: Europejska Agencja Kosmiczna
  • Portuguese: Agência Espacial Europeia
  • Romanian: Agenția Spațială Europeană
  • Romansh: Agenzia spaziala europeica
  • Spanish: Agencia Espacial Europea
  • Swedish: Europeiska rymdorganisationen
ESA Headquarters in Paris, France
  • ESA
  • ASE
Formation30 May 1975; 49 years ago (1975-05-30)
HeadquartersParis, Île-de-France, France
Official language
English, French and German[1][2]
Johann-Dietrich Wörner
Director General
Guiana Space Centre
Parent organisation
Increase 5.72 billion
(~US$6.43 billion) (2019)[3]

Its headquarters are in Paris, France. ESA has a staff of more than 2,000 with an annual budget of about €4.43 billion / US$5.51 billion (2015).[4]

The member countries of ESA are Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

ESA's space flight programme includes

  • human spaceflight,
  • the launch and operations of unmanned exploration missions to other planets and the Moon,
  • Earth observation.
  • running a major spaceport, the Guiana Space Centre at Kourou, French Guiana,
  • designing launch vehicles.

The main European launch vehicle Ariane 5 is operated through Arianespace with ESA sharing in the costs of launching and further developing this launch vehicle.

On February 21, 2024, the agency's ERS-2 satellite came into the atmosphere of the Earth.[5][6] The gravitational field (or gravity) of Earth [resulted] in the satellite ending up hitting the ocean.[5] Earlier the satellite functioned (or worked) as a European Remote-Sensing Satellite.[7]


  1. "Languages". Retrieved 5 November 2017.
  2. esa. "Frequently asked questions". Archived from the original on 27 August 2017. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
  3. "ESA budget 2019". 3 February 2019.
  4. "ESA Budget for 2015". 16 January 2015.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Retrieved 2024-02-22
  6. Retrieved 2024-02-21
  7. ['A satellite weighing more than two tons will plunge into the atmosphere next week - parts may fall to Finland as well']. Retrieved 2024-02-17

Other websites


  Media related to European Space Agency at Wikimedia Commons