European Space Agency
ESA Headquarters in Paris, France
|Established||30 May 1975|
|Headquarters||Paris, Île-de-France, France|
|English, French and German|
| €5.72 billion |
(~US$6.6 billion) (2019)
The member countries of ESA are Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
ESA's space flight programme includes
- human spaceflight,
- the launch and operations of unmanned exploration missions to other planets and the Moon,
- Earth observation.
- running a major spaceport, the Guiana Space Centre at Kourou, French Guiana,
- designing launch vehicles.
The main European launch vehicle Ariane 5 is operated through Arianespace with ESA sharing in the costs of launching and further developing this launch vehicle.