Elizabeth Mary Truss  known as Liz Truss, is a British politician. Truss was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Conservative Party from 5 September 2022 to 24 October 2022.(born 26 July 1975),
|Prime Minister of the United Kingdom|
6 September 2022 – 25 October 2022
|Preceded by||Boris Johnson|
|Succeeded by||Rishi Sunak|
|Leader of the Conservative Party|
5 September 2022 – 24 October 2022
|Chairman||Sir Jake Berry|
|Preceded by||Boris Johnson|
|Succeeded by||Rishi Sunak|
|Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs|
15 September 2021 – 6 September 2022
|Prime Minister||Boris Johnson|
|Preceded by||Dominic Raab|
|Succeeded by||James Cleverly|
|Member of Parliament|
for South West Norfolk
|Assumed office |
6 May 2010
|Preceded by||Christopher Fraser|
Elizabeth Mary Truss
26 July 1975
|Political party||Conservative (1996–present)|
|Liberal Democrats (before 1996)|
Hugh O'Leary (m. 2000)
|Education||Merton College, Oxford (BA)|
She had been the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs from September 2021 to September 2022 in Boris Johnson's cabinet. She was the Chief Secretary to the Treasury from 2017 to 2019 and Member of Parliament (MP) for South West Norfolk since 2010.
She also served as the Secretary of State for Justice and Lord High Chancellor from 2016 to 2017, Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs from 2014 to 2016 and Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Education and Childcare from 2012 to 2014.
In July 2022, Truss announced her candidacy for Conservative Party leader to replace Boris Johnson in the 2022 Conservative Party leadership election. On 20 July 2022, Truss advanced to the final round of the election and faced Rishi Sunak. On 5 September 2022, it was announced that Truss had defeated her opponent Rishi Sunak in the Conservative leadership race. Truss announced her resignation as leader of the Conservative party on 20 October 2022 after criticisms of her leadership and economic policies which caused a national crisis.
She was replaced by Rishi Sunak after 50 days in office. She was the shortest serving Prime Minister in British history.
Early life Edit
Mary Elizabeth Truss was born on 26 July 1975 at John Radcliffe Hospital in Oxford, England to John Kenneth and Priscilla Mary Truss (née Grasby). From an early age, she has been known by her middle name. Her father worked at the University of Leeds, while her mother was a nurse and teacher.
Parliament career Edit
On 4 September 2012, Truss was appointed as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Department for Education. In this role, she developed some of the policy areas that she had pursued as a backbencher.
In July 2014, Truss was appointed Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. Truss said that she fully believed that climate change is happening, and that "human beings have contributed to that".
In July 2016, Truss was appointed as Secretary of State for Justice and Lord Chancellor in Theresa May's first ministry. Truss became the first woman to hold either position and the first female Lord Chancellor in the thousand-year history of the office.
After Boris Johnson became Prime Minister, Truss was seen as a candidate for an important cabinet role because of her support of Johnson during the 2019 leadership election. She became Johnson's Secretary of State for International Trade and President of the Board of Trade. After the resignation of Amber Rudd, Truss was also made Minister for Women and Equalities.
In September 2021, Johnson promoted Truss from International Trade Secretary to Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, becoming the second woman to hold the position after Margaret Beckett.
2022 Conservative Party leadership election Edit
Truss and Rishi Sunak were chosen by Conservative Party MPs to compete in the final stage of the leadership election. On 5 September 2022, she won the election, beating Sunak by 81,326 votes to 60,399.
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Edit
On 6 September 2022 Queen Elizabeth II appointed Truss as Prime Minister. Two days later, Elizabeth II died at the age of 96. Truss is the first British prime minister during Charles III's reign.
When Truss became prime minister, she picked Thérèse Coffey, a close friend, as Deputy Prime Minister and Health Secretary. Truss also picked Kwasi Kwarteng as Chancellor of the Exchequer, James Cleverly as Foreign Secretary and Suella Braverman as Home Secretary. This was the first time in British political history in which no white men were in these four roles.
Early during her time as prime minister, she was criticized over her handling of the economy through tax cuts and limiting energy prices. She cut taxes on businesses and reduced government regulation. Her tax plans were called Trussonomics and were inspired by by the economic policies of U.S. President Ronald Reagan, known as Reaganomics, and Margaret Thatcher-era Chancellor of the Exchequer, Nigel Lawson. Her tax policies were criticized by the International Monetary Fund, U.S. President Joe Biden, senior Conservative politicians Michael Gove and Grant Shapps, and the Bank of England. Her policies caused the pound to fall to a record low against the US dollar and an increase in the cost of government borrowing. In response, she fired Exchequer Chancellor Kwarteng and replaced him with Jeremy Hunt on 14 October 2022.
Five days after firing Kwarteng, Suella Braverman resigned as Home Secretary after 43 days, because of an "honest mistake" involving sharing secure information on a private phone. She also criticized Truss’s leadership in her resignation letter. Truss replaced her with Grant Shapps.
After strong criticisms against her leadership and economic policies, especially from members of her party, on 20 October 2022, Truss announced her plan to resign as prime minister after 45 days in office, making her the shortest serving prime minister in the history of the United Kingdom. She was replaced by former Chancellor of the Exchequer and leadership party rival Rishi Sunak on 25 October 2022, 50 days after being in office. The short length of her premiership was the subject of many jokes. This included a livestream of a lettuce head, comparing the shelf-life of the lettuce to her remaining term.
Personal life Edit
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- Morris, Nigel (18 July 2014). "Former Environment Secretary Owen Paterson to deliver keynote speech at climate-sceptic organisation's lecture". The Independent. Archived from the original on 4 April 2015. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
- "Environment Secretary Liz Truss says climate change 'is happening'". Western Morning News. 9 January 2015. Archived from the original on 29 September 2015. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
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- "Rishi Sunak Is Britain's Next Prime Minister. Here's What To Know". TIME. Retrieved 25 October 2022.
- Mason, Alistair (20 October 2022). "Lettuce declares victory over Liz Truss as PM steps down". WalesOnline. Retrieved 20 October 2022.
- Turner, Camilla (18 October 2022). "Liz Truss most unpopular PM on record, poll finds". The Telegraph – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
- "Liz Truss approval ratings reach new lows after Tory conference", 8 October 2022. The Guardian
- Rowena Mason (16 October 2022). "Rees-Mogg, Coffey, and Hunt would lose seats in election, poll suggests". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 October 2022.
- "Latest GB Voting Intention". Redfield & Wilton strategies. 17 October 2022. Retrieved 19 October 2022.
- "Hugh O'Leary: Who is Liz Truss's husband and the country's next first man?". MSN. Retrieved 2022-09-05.
- "Tory Elizabeth Truss faces deselection vote in two weeks over affair". The Guardian. 5 November 2009. Retrieved 24 July 2022.
Other websites Edit
- Free Enterprise Group official website
- "Profile". Archived from the original on 2014-05-16. on Conservative Party website
- Profile at Parliament of the United Kingdom
- Voting record at Public Whip
- Record in Parliament at TheyWorkForYou
- Appearances on C-SPAN