Meitei culture

(Redirected from Manipuri culture)

The culture of Meitei civilization evolved over thousands of years, beginning in Ancient Manipur, continuing most notably into Medieval Manipur, while influencing the neighboring states and kingdoms.

Iputhou Pakhangba Laishang, an ancient temple dedicated to Pakhangba, a primordial deity of traditional ancient Meitei religion, located in Kangla.
The Temple of Shri Govindaji in Imphal, is the center of Meitei Vaishnavism of the Meitei Hindus in Meitei world.



The architecture of the Inner Entrance Gate, along with the statues of a pair of Kanglashas, the dragon lions, inside the Kangla, the old metropolis of Ancient Manipur.

The architectural works of the Meitei ethnicity is best known through its Meitei temples as well as ancient buildings including palaces, court halls, offices, entrance gates and so on.


  Meitei literature dates back right from the 15th century BC, during the era of Tangcha Lee La Pakhangpa (Tangja Leela Pakhangba) (1445 BC-1405 BC) in Ancient Manipur. The Puya (Meitei texts) account for most of the accounts for the literary works till Medieval Manipur.[1]

Some of the most prominent Puyas, written in Meitei language (Manipuri language),[2] are given below in alphabetical order:

Public holidays and festivalsEdit

Important days fall in different times of a year according to Meitei calendar. Some are as follows in alphabetical order:


The Iputhou Pakhangba Laishang, an ancient temple, inside the Kangla.

Sanamahism, the Meitei religion, is no doubt the oldest religion in the world. It evolved many thousands of years ago.[3] There are thousands of Meitei deities in the ancient Meitei paganism. The List of figures in Meitei mythology accounts for the characters in Meitei mythology, the receptacle of the Meitei religion.[4]

Lai HaraobaEdit

  The "Lai Haraoba" festival is an ancient ritualistic music and dance festival, often performed in order to please the Umang Lais and the Lam Lais, whose pantheons are found scattered in the plains of Manipur still today.[5][6][7][8][9][10][11]

Jagoi, originally spelled as Chatkoi, is the traditional form of dancing, performed by the devotees to please the deities. Here is a list of the "Chatkoi"s ("Jagoi"s) :







Death ceremonyEdit

The Meitei people perform four types of death ceremony since time immemorial. These are:

  1. Air ceremony (Disposal to the space)
  2. Earth ceremony (Burial)
  3. Fire ceremony (Burning)
  4. Water ceremony (Disposal to the water bodies)


  Manipur, the Meitei kingdom, has risen to prominence in a number of sporting areas since ancient times till today. Polo, the equine sports played all over the world, is developed from Sagol Kangjei, the primitive form of the game. Ancient Manipur is the native birth place of the modern polo.[12]