Midi-Pyrénées

former administrative region in France

Midi-Pyrénées (Occitan: Miègjorn-Pirenèus or Mieidia-Pirenèus) is a former administrative region of France. It is now part of the administrative region of Occitanie. It is part of the historical region of Occitania.

Midi-Pyrénées
Flag of Midi-Pyrénées
Flag
Coat of arms of Midi-Pyrénées
Coat of arms
Midi-Pyrénées in France.svg
Country France
PrefectureToulouse
Departments
Government
 • PresidentMartin Malvy (PS)
Area
 • Total45,348 km2 (17,509 sq mi)
Population
 (2012-01-01)
 • Total2,926,592
 • Density65/km2 (170/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeFR-N
GDP (2012)[1]Ranked 8th
Total€79.9 billion (US$102.7 bn)
Per capita€27,198 (US$34,982)
NUTS RegionFR6
WebsiteMidi-Pyrenees Region

The name of the region is not based on any old name, like in most other regions, but on the geography of the region, Midi (meaning "southern France") - Pyrénées (Pyrenees mountains that are the highest mountains in the region). The French adjective and name of the people living in the region is Midi-Pyrénéen.

The departments in the region were Ariège, Aveyron, Haute-Garonne, Gers, Lot, Hautes-Pyrénées, Tarn, and Tarn-et-Garonne. Its capital was Toulouse.

GeographyEdit

The Midi-Pyrénées region is the largest region of Metropolitan France. It had an area of 45,348 km2 (17,509 sq mi).[2] It bordered to the south with Spain and Andorra. It also bordered four French regions: Aquitaine to the west, Limousin to the north, Auvergne to the northeast and Languedoc-Roussillon to the east.

The region can be divided into three landscape zones:

The Pic Vignemale (42°46′26″N 0°8′51″E / 42.77389°N 0.14750°E / 42.77389; 0.14750 (Vignemale)), at 3,299 m (10,823 ft), is the highest point of the Midi-Pyrénées region; it is on the border with Spain.[3] The Vignemale is in the Pyrénées National Park.

The main rivers of the region are the Garonne river, that flows through the Haute-Garonne, Hautes-Pyrénées and Tarn-et-Garonne departments;[4] and the Adour river, that flows through the Hautes-Pyrénées and Gers departments.[5]

DepartmentsEdit

The Midi-Pyrénées region was formed by eight departments:

Département Préfecture ISO
3166-2
Population
(2012)[6]
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Ariège Foix FR-09 152,366   4,890 31.2
Aveyron Rodez FR-12 276,229 8,735 31.6
Haute-Garonne Toulouse FR-31 1,279,349 6,309 202.8
Gers Auch FR-32 189,530 6,257 30.3
Lot Cahors FR-46 174,346 5,217 33.4
Hautes-Pyrénées Tarbes FR-65 228,854 4,464 51.3
Tarn Albi FR-81 378,947 5,758 65.8
Tarn-et-Garonne Montauban FR-82 246,971 3,718 66.4

DemographicsEdit

In 2012, The Midi-Pyrénées region had a population of 2,926,592.[7] Its population density was 64.5 inhabitants/km2.

 
Le Capitole, Toulouse

The 10 most important cities in the region were:

City Population
(2012)[6]
Départment
Toulouse 453,317 Haute-Garonne
Montauban 56,887 Tarn-et-Garonne
Albi 49,231 Tarn
Tarbes 41,664 Hautes-Pyrénées
Castres 41,529 Tarn
Colomiers 36,699 Haute-Garonne
Tournefeuille 26,342 Haute-Garonne
Muret 24,492 Haute-Garonne
Rodez 23,744 Aveyron
Blagnac 22,983 Haute-Garonne

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. INSEE. "Produits intérieurs bruts régionaux et valeurs ajoutées régionales de 1990 à 2012". Retrieved 2014-03-04.
  2. "Grands repères" (in French). Région Midi-Pyrénées. Retrieved 10 February 2015.
  3. "Pic Vignemale, France/Spain". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  4. "La Garonne (O---0000))" (in French). SANDRE - Portail national d'accès aux référentiels sur l'eau. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  5. "L'Adour (Q---0000)" (in French). SANDRE - Portail national d'accès aux référentiels sur l'eau. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Populations légales 2012 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 10 February 2015.
  7. "Populations légales 2012 des régions" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 10 February 2015.

Other websitesEdit