Minas Gerais (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈminɐs ʒeˈɾajs]) is one of the 26 states of Brazil. It has the second highest number of people. It has the fourth largest area. The capital is the city of Belo Horizonte, near the center of the state. The name means "General mines". Minas Gerais was formed mainly by colonists searching for gold, gemstones and diamonds.
State of Minas Gerais
Libertas Quae Sera Tamen (Latin)
"Freedom albeit Late"
Location of State of Minas Gerais in Brazil
|Capital and Largest City||Belo Horizonte|
|• Governor||Romeu Zema (Novo)|
|• Total||586,528.29 km2 (226,459.84 sq mi)|
|• Density||34/km2 (88/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||14th|
|• Year||2006 estimate|
|• Total||R$ 214,814,000,000 (3rd)|
|• Per capita||R$ 11,028 (10th)|
|• Category||0.800 – high (9th)|
|Time zone||UTC-3 (BRT)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-2 (BRST)|
30000-000 to 39990-000
|ISO 3166 code||BR-MG|
Minas Gerais is in the west of the southeastern part of Brazil. That area also has the states of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Espírito Santo. Minas Gerais shares borders with Bahia and Goiás (north), Mato Grosso do Sul (far west), the states of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro (south) and the state of Espírito Santo (east). It also shares a short border with the Brazilian Federal District.
Even though it is not the largest state in Brazil, Minas Gerais is the state with the most cities. Of the more than 5,500 municipalities in Brazil, Minas has more than 850 of them. The most important ones are the capital Belo Horizonte, Contagem, Betim, Juiz de Fora, Montes Claros, Uberlândia and Ouro Preto.
|States of Brazil|
|Acre | Alagoas | Amapá | Amazonas | Bahia | Ceará | Espírito Santo | Goiás | Maranhão | Mato Grosso | Mato Grosso do Sul | Minas Gerais | Pará | Paraíba | Paraná | Pernambuco | Piauí | Rio de Janeiro | Rio Grande do Norte | Rio Grande do Sul | Rondônia | Roraima | Santa Catarina | São Paulo | Sergipe | Tocantins|
|Federal District: Brazilian Federal District|