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Espírito Santo

federative unit of Brazil

Espírito Santo is one of the states of southeastern Brazil. It is often referred to as "ES". The capital of ES is Vitória and its largest city is Vila Velha. Those who are born in the state are known as "Capixabas", but the more correct word is "Espiritossantenses". The name means "holy spirit" after the Holy Ghost of Christianity.

State of Espírito Santo (English: Holy Spirit)
Flag of State of Espírito Santo (English: Holy Spirit)
Flag
Coat of arms of State of Espírito Santo (English: Holy Spirit)
Coat of arms
Motto(s): 
Trabalha e Confia (Portuguese)
"Works and Trusts"
Location of State of Espírito Santo in Brazil
Location of State of Espírito Santo in Brazil
Coordinates: 20°19′08″S 40°20′16″W / 20.31889°S 40.33778°W / -20.31889; -40.33778Coordinates: 20°19′08″S 40°20′16″W / 20.31889°S 40.33778°W / -20.31889; -40.33778
Country Brazil
CapitalVitória
Government
 • GovernorRenato Casagrande
 • Vice GovernorGivaldo Vieira
Area
 • Total46,077.519 km2 (17,790.630 sq mi)
Area rank23rd
Population
 (2012)[1]
 • Total3,578,067
 • Rank15th
 • Density78/km2 (200/sq mi)
 • Density rank7th
Demonym(s)capixaba or espiritossantense
GDP
 • Year2006 estimate
 • TotalR$ 52,782,000,000 (11th)
 • Per capitaR$ 15,236 (5th)
HDI
 • Year2005
 • Category0.802 – high (6th)
Time zoneUTC-03:00 (BRT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-02:00 (BRST)
Postal Code
29000-000 to 29990-000
ISO 3166 codeBR-ES
Websitees.gov.br

LocationEdit

This Brazilian state is in the southeastern subdivision of Brazil, which also contains the states of São Paulo, Minas Gerais and Rio de Janeiro. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean (east), the state of Bahia (north), the state of Minas Gerais (north and west), and the state of Rio de Janeiro (south). Espírito Santo's other main cities are Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, Colatina, Linhares, São Mateus and Aracruz.

GeographyEdit

At 46,180 km2 (17,830.2 sq mi), it is about the size of Estonia. The state has many different types of habitats, for example coastal planes, lakes, mountain forest and mangroves.

The islands of Trindade and Martim Vaz, 715 km (444.3 mi) east of Vitória in the Southern Atlantic Ocean, are also a part of Espirito Santo state.

ReferencesEdit