Espírito Santo

state in the Southeast Region of Brazil

Espírito Santo is one of the states of southeastern Brazil. It is often referred to as "ES". The capital of ES is Vitória and its largest city is Vila Velha. Those who are born in the state are known as "Capixabas", but the more correct word is "Espiritossantenses". The name means "holy spirit" after the Holy Ghost of Christianity.

State of Espírito Santo (English: Holy Spirit)
Flag of State of Espírito Santo (English: Holy Spirit)
Coat of arms of State of Espírito Santo (English: Holy Spirit)
Trabalha e Confia (Portuguese)
"Works and Trusts"
Location of State of Espírito Santo in Brazil
Location of State of Espírito Santo in Brazil
Coordinates: 20°19′08″S 40°20′16″W / 20.31889°S 40.33778°W / -20.31889; -40.33778
Country Brazil
 • GovernorRenato Casagrande
 • Vice GovernorGivaldo Vieira
 • Total46,077.519 km2 (17,790.630 sq mi)
 • Rank23rd
 • Total3,578,067
 • Rank15th
 • Density78/km2 (200/sq mi)
  • Rank7th
Demonymcapixaba or espiritossantense
 • Year2006 estimate
 • TotalR$ 52,782,000,000 (11th)
 • Per capitaR$ 15,236 (5th)
 • Year2005
 • Category0.802 – high (6th)
Time zoneUTC-03:00 (BRT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-02:00 (BRST)
Postal Code
29000-000 to 29990-000
ISO 3166 codeBR-ES



This Brazilian state is in the southeastern subdivision of Brazil, which also contains the states of São Paulo, Minas Gerais and Rio de Janeiro. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean (east), the state of Bahia (north), the state of Minas Gerais (north and west), and the state of Rio de Janeiro (south). Espírito Santo's other main cities are Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, Colatina, Linhares, São Mateus and Aracruz.



At 46,180 km2 (17,830.2 sq mi), it is about the size of Estonia. The state has many different types of habitats, for example coastal planes, lakes, mountain forest and mangroves.

The islands of Trindade and Martim Vaz, 715 km (444.3 mi) east of Vitória in the Southern Atlantic Ocean, are also a part of Espirito Santo state.

Notable people



  1. "IBGE | Portal do IBGE | IBGE".
  2. Milagres, Leonardo (29 July 2023). "Recorde mundial? Homem morre aos 127 anos em MG, diz cartório". G1 (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 1 August 2023.

States of Brazil  
Acre | Alagoas | Amapá | Amazonas | Bahia | Ceará | Espírito Santo | Goiás | Maranhão | Mato Grosso | Mato Grosso do Sul | Minas Gerais | Pará | Paraíba | Paraná | Pernambuco | Piauí | Rio de Janeiro | Rio Grande do Norte | Rio Grande do Sul | Rondônia | Roraima | Santa Catarina | São Paulo | Sergipe | Tocantins
Federal district: Distrito Federal