State of Paraíba
Location of State of Paraíba in Brazil
|Capital and Largest City||João Pessoa|
|• Governor||Ricardo Coutinho|
|• Vice Governor||Rômulo Gouveia|
|• Total||56,584.6 km2 (21,847.4 sq mi)|
|• Density||67/km2 (170/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||8th|
|• Year||2006 estimate|
|• Total||R$ 19,953,000,000 (19th)|
|• Per capita||R$ 5,507 (24th)|
|• Category||0.718 – medium (24th)|
|Time zone||UTC-3 (BRT)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-02 (Brasília Summer)|
58000-000 to 58990-000
|ISO 3166 code||BR-PB|
The area was found to be perfect for making sugar. The French, the Dutch and the Portuguese all fought to have the Paraíba region to grow sugarcane in. The fortress of Santa Catarina, near João Pessoa, was built to protect the city from the Dutch.
In late 1989 a team looking for gemstone and led by Heitor Dimas Barbosa found what some people believe are the best tourmaline crystals ever found. Copper in the crystals gives the tourmalines a bright turquoise color that had never been seen before in the gems. The mountains have been searched after this, but no more crystals have been found.
The word nego is Portuguese for "I deny". It refers to protests in the 1920s in Paraíba against Júlio Prestes becoming the President of Brazil. State president João Pessoa supported these protests. João Pessoa joined the alliance to the overthrow of the federal government. This group caused Getúlio Vargas to become president. The rebellion lead to João Pessoa being killed.
|States of Brazil|
|Acre | Alagoas | Amapá | Amazonas | Bahia | Ceará | Espírito Santo | Goiás | Maranhão | Mato Grosso | Mato Grosso do Sul | Minas Gerais | Pará | Paraíba | Paraná | Pernambuco | Piauí | Rio de Janeiro | Rio Grande do Norte | Rio Grande do Sul | Rondônia | Roraima | Santa Catarina | São Paulo | Sergipe | Tocantins|
|Federal District: Brazilian Federal District|