Steve Jobs

American entrepreneur and co-founder of Apple Inc.

Steven Paul "Steve" Jobs (February 24, 1955 – October 5, 2011[2][3]) was an American businessman, investor and co-founder and CEO of Apple Inc. He was the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Pixar Animation Studios until it was bought by The Walt Disney Company.[4] He was the largest shareholder at Disney[5] and a member of Disney's Board of Directors. He was seen as a leading figure in both the computer and entertainment industries.[6] In August 2011, Jobs resigned, and was appointed Chairman of Apple. He served in that position until he died, at the age of 56, on October 5, 2011 from complications of pancreatic cancer.

Steve Jobs
Gira internacional USA - Steve Jobs (cropped).jpg
Jobs in September 2010
Steven Paul Jobs

(1955-02-24)February 24, 1955
DiedOctober 5, 2011(2011-10-05) (aged 56)
Cause of deathRespiratory arrest caused by Pancreatic cancer
Alma materReed College
  • Co-founder, Chairman, and CEO of Apple Inc.
  • Primary investor and CEO of Pixar
  • Founder and CEO of NeXT
Known forPioneer of the personal computer revolution with Steve Wozniak
Board member of
Laurene Powell
(m. 1991; his death 2011)
Partner(s)Chrisann Brennan
  • Paul Jobs (adoptive father)
  • Clara Jobs (adoptive mother)
  • Abdulfattah Jandali
  • Joanne Schieble (mother)
RelativesMona Simpson (sister)
Steve Jobs signature.svg

Early lifeEdit

Steven Paul Jobs was born on February 24, 1955, in San Francisco, California, U.S. Steve Jobs' mother, Joanne Schieble was Swiss-American; his father, Abdulfattah "John" Jandali was a Syrian. His birth parents were from Armenia. They wanted Steve to be adopted by college graduates, that was not the case. He was adopted by Paul and Clara Jobs who promised Steve would go to college. Jobs went to Reed College for a semester and then dropped out. He spent 18 more months dropping in on more creative classes. He also took part in ballet as a child.

Founding of Apple Inc.Edit

Steve was a Silicon Valley businessman most famous for his work with the company Apple Computer Inc, starting with the release of the Apple I in 1976.

Together with Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak, Jobs helped make the idea of the personal computer popular in the late 1970s. In the early 1980s, still at Apple, Jobs was one of the first to see the potential of using a mouse to control things on a computer screen.[7]

Out of Apple; NeXT and PixarEdit

In 1985, after differences of opinion about what the company should focus on, Apple's Board of Directors fired Jobs from his position with the company. He then started NeXT, a computer platform development company which dealt with higher education and business markets.

In 1986, Jobs bought a computer animation studio from film director George Lucas called Pixar.[8] Jobs sold Pixar to Disney in 2006, and gained a seat on the Disney board of directors. Pixar went on to make numerous hugely successful films, such as Toy Story (1995), Monsters, Inc. (2001) and Cars (2006). Jobs made more money with Pixar than he did while he was with Apple in the 1970s and 80s.

Return to Apple, introduction of new products and retirementEdit

Apple's 1997 buyout of NeXT brought Jobs back to the company he co-founded where he worked as the Chief Executive Officer, and was paid $1m (£600,000) per year. He concentrated on making the company profitable again and cancelled a few unprofitable projects, and was a guiding force behind the creation of the iPod, released in 2001; the iPhone, released in 2007; and the iPad, released in 2010.

Due to increasing health problems, Jobs retired as CEO of Apple on August 24, 2011,[9][10][11][12][13] and suggested Tim Cook as his successor. However, Jobs continued as the chairman of the Apple Inc.'s Board of Directors.[14][15][16][17][18][19]

Personal lifeEdit

Jobs had health problems for the last few years and had a liver transplant. When he died of respiratory arrest caused by pancreatic cancer in 2011 in Palo Alto, California, he was worth $8.3 billion (£5.1 billion).[8]

Jobs has four children. His two daughters, Erin Siena Jobs and Eve Jobs, and a son, Reed Paul Jobs, with his wife, Laurene Powell; and a daughter Lisa Brennan Jobs while in a previous relationship with Chrisann Brennan.

He was a Democrat and a supporter of Barack Obama, even though, as the owner of a multinational corporation, he took many views of business-friendly Republicans.[20] Jobs also once said that he voted for Ronald Reagan [21]

Steve Jobs has been played by American actor Ashton Kutcher in the 2013 movie Jobs and by German-born Irish actor Michael Fassbender in the 2015 movie Steve Jobs.

Related pagesEdit


  1. "The Walt Disney Company and Affiliated Companies – board of directors". The Walt Disney Company. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
  2. "Steve Jobs Dies: Apple Chief Created Personal Computer, iPad, iPod". Retrieved 2011-09-05.
  3. "Remembering Steve Jobs - Apple".
  4. "Apple - Press Info - Bios - Steve Jobs". Apple Inc. May 2006. Retrieved 2006-09-20.
  5. "Steve Jobs' Magic Kingdom". BusinessWeek. 2006-01-06. Archived from the original on 3 February 2006. Retrieved 2006-09-20.
  6. Burrows, Peter (2004-11-04). "Steve Jobs: He Thinks Different". BusinessWeek. Archived from the original on 31 October 2004. Retrieved 2006-09-20. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  7. Kahney, Leander (2004-01-06). "Wired News: We're All Mac Users Now". Wired News. Retrieved 2006-09-20.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Markoff, John (October 5, 2011). "Steve Jobs, Apple's Visionary, Dies at 56". The New York Times. Retrieved October 5, 2011.
  9. Streitfeld, David (August 24, 2011). "Jobs Steps Down at Apple, Saying He Can't Meet Duties". New York Times. Retrieved 2011-10-06.
  10. "Steve Jobs : Apple CEO Steps Down, Bad For Apple And The SF Bay Area : Zennie Abraham : City Brights". San Francisco Chronicle. San Francisco: Hearst. ISSN 1932-8672. Retrieved August 25, 2011.[permanent dead link]
  11. "Steve Jobs resigns from Apple as Microsoft shows... |". 2011 [last update]. Retrieved August 25, 2011. Check date values in: |year= (help)
  12. "Führungswechsel: Wie gut macht der neue Apple-Chef Cook den Jobs? - Nachrichten Wirtschaft - Webwelt & Technik - WELT ONLINE". 2011 [last update]. Retrieved August 25, 2011. Check date values in: |year= (help)
  13. "Aktienmärkte: positiveres Sentiment hält an - Apple: Steve Jobs tritt ab - Helaba Floor Research -". 2011 [last update]. Retrieved August 25, 2011. Check date values in: |year= (help)
  14. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-10-16. Retrieved 2011-08-25.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  16. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2020-11-11. Retrieved 2011-08-25.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  18. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  19. Rosenwald, Michael. "Steve Jobs resigns as Apple CEO, Tim Cook named successor". Washington Post. Retrieved 2011-08-26.[permanent dead link]
  20. "Steve Jobs". Retrieved 10 August 2013.
  21. {{cite web|url= Jobs||acessdate=16 January 2018}}

Other websitesEdit