Trinidad and Tobago

island sovereign state in the Caribbean
(Redirected from Trinidad)

Trinidad and Tobago (officially called the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago) is a country in the south Caribbean Sea. It is 11 km (7 miles) away from Venezuela. The country has two bigger islands, Trinidad and Tobago, and many smaller islands. The capital is Port-of-Spain. The country has about 1,262,366 people in it.

Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
Coat of arms of Trinidad and Tobago
Coat of arms
Motto: "Together we aspire, together we achieve"
Anthem: Forged from the Love of Liberty
Location of Trinidad and Tobago
Location of Trinidad and Tobago
CapitalPort of Spain
Largest cityChaguanas[1]
Official languagesEnglish
Ethnic groups
37.5% Africans
40% Indian (South Asian)
20.5% mixed (Venezuelans, Spaniards, French Creoles, Portuguese, Chinese, Britons, Lebanese, Syrians, Caribs)
Demonym(s)Trinidadian, Tobagonian
GovernmentParliamentary republic
• President
Christine Kangaloo
Keith Rowley
House of Representatives
• from the United Kingdom
31 August 1962
• Republic
1 August 1976
• Total
5,131 km2 (1,981 sq mi) (171st)
• Water (%)
• 2022 estimate
1,531,040[2] (149nd)
• 2011[3] census
• Density
298/km2 (771.8/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2010 estimate
• Total
$26.400 billion[4]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2010 estimate
• Total
$21.195 billion[4]
• Per capita
HDI (2010)Increase 0.736[5]
high · 59th
CurrencyTrinidad and Tobago dollar (TTD)
Time zoneUTC-4
Driving sideleft
Calling code+1-868
ISO 3166 codeTT

Trinidad and Tobago received independence from the United Kingdom on August 31, 1962. Before that, it was ruled by the U.K. Right now, the head of state (person who is in charge of the country) is Ms Paula-Mae Weekes. The head of government (person who is in charge of the government) are Prime Minister Keith Rowley and President Paula-Mae Weekes.

Trinidad and Tobago is very diverse. It has people of many different races and religions. There are people who are children of Africans, Europeans, Arabs, Indians, and Chinese who moved to the islands a long time ago. The biggest religions in the country are Christianity and Hinduism. There are also Islam and African religions in the country. Trinidad and Tobago was home to the indigenous Caribs.

The country has some natural gas beneath the ground and underwater in the ocean. Natural gas is a liquid that makes machines work and heats houses. Also, many people called tourists visit the islands. They take pictures and learn about the islands.

The people in the country are famous for their music and artists such as Nicki Minaj and Haddaway. They also play football and cricket.



The population of Trinidad and Tobago is 1.17 million as of (2002). The ethnic groups of the population are:



  1. [1] Archived 2012-04-25 at the Wayback Machine at Archived 2008-06-04 at the Wayback Machine
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Trinidad and Tobago". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2011-02-18.
  5. "Human Development Report 2010" (PDF). United Nations. 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 November 2010. Retrieved 5 November 2010.

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