Xbox 360

video game console developed by Microsoft

The Xbox 360 is the second video game console released by Microsoft, after 2001's Xbox. It was released on November 16, 2005, 1462 days after the original Xbox. The Xbox 360 competes against the Nintendo Wii and Sony PlayStation 3. All three are called next-generation or seventh generation[source?] consoles. The Xbox 360 was officially revealed on MTV on May 12, 2005. The successor to the Xbox 360, the Xbox One, was announced on May 21, 2013. Even though the Xbox One was released on November 22, 2013, the Xbox 360 continued to be sold until April 20, 2016. However, games are still being made for the system.

Xbox 360
Left: Xbox 360 Elite, Center: Xbox 360 S and new-style controller, Right: Xbox 360 E and new-style controllerLeft: Xbox 360 Elite, Center: Xbox 360 S and new-style controller, Right: Xbox 360 E and new-style controllerLeft: Xbox 360 Elite, Center: Xbox 360 S and new-style controller, Right: Xbox 360 E and new-style controller
Left: Original model Xbox 360 Premium (2005)
Center:
Redesigned slim model Xbox 360 S (2010)
Right:
Latest model Xbox 360 E (2013) An Xbox 360 Elite and an Xbox 360 S with a black 360 S controller.
DeveloperMicrosoft
ManufacturerFlextronics, Wistron, Celestica, Foxconn[1][2]
Product familyXbox
TypeHome video game console
GenerationSeventh generation
Release date
November 22, 2005[5]
  • Original Xbox 360
    • NA: November 22, 2005
    • EU: December 2, 2005
    • JP: December 10, 2005
    • CO|MX: February 2, 2006
    • KR: February 24, 2006
    • AU: March 23, 2006
    • CL: July 7, 2006
    • IN: September 25, 2006
    • ZA: September 29, 2006
    • CZ|PL: November 3, 2006
    • BR: December 1, 2006
    • RU: February 11, 2007
    • PE: February 25, 2008
    • UAE: October 28, 2008
    • SC: Spring 2010
  • Xbox 360 S
    • NA: June 18, 2010
    • AU: July 1, 2010
    • NZ: July 8, 2010
    • EU: July 16, 2010
  • Xbox 360 E
Lifespan2005–2016
Introductory priceUS$299, 299, £209 (Xbox 360 Core)
US$399, €399, £279 (Xbox 360 (20 GB))
Discontinued
  • WW: April 20, 2016[6]
Units soldWorldwide: 84 million (as of June 9, 2014)[7] (details)
MediaDVD, CD, digital distribution
Add-on: HD DVD (discontinued)
Operating systemXbox 360 system software
System-on-chip usedXCGPU (Xbox 360 S and E models only)
CPU3.2 GHz PowerPC Tri-Core Xenon
Memory
  • 512 MB of unified GDDR3 RAM clocked at 700 MHz
  • 10MB of eDRAM cache on Xenos GPU
Storage
Storage media
    • Detachable Hard Drives
      20, 60, 120 or 250 GB (older models); 250, 320, or 500 GB (Xbox 360 S models)
    • Memory Cards (Removable) (Original design only)
      64 MB, 256 MB, 512 MB
    • On-board storage chip
      • Arcade Consoles (later models)
        256 MB, 512 MB
      • Budget level "Xbox 360 S" consoles:
        4 GB
    • USB storage device (requires system software update)
      1 GB to 32 GB
    • Cloud storage (requires Xbox LIVE Gold Membership)
      2 GB [8]
Display
Video output formats
Graphics500 MHz ATI/AMD Xenos
Sound
  • Analog stereo
  • Stereo LPCM (TOSLINK and HDMI)
  • Dolby Digital 5.1 (TOSLINK and HDMI)
  • Dolby Digital with WMA pro (TOSLINK and HDMI)
Controller input
Controllers
ConnectivityOriginal models

2.4 GHz wireless, 3 × USB 2.0, IR receiver, 100 Mbit/s Ethernet
Add-on: Wifi 802.11 a/b/g, Wifi 802.11a/b/g/n[11]
Revised "S" models
2.4 GHz wireless, 5 × USB 2.0, Digital Optical audio out, IR receiver, 100 Mbit/s Ethernet, Wifi 802.11b/g/n, AUX port, HDMI port
Revised "E" models

2.4 GHz wireless, 4 × USB 2.0, IR receiver, 100 Mbit/s Ethernet, Wifi 802.11b/g/n, AUX port, HDMI port
Online servicesXbox Live
Best-selling gameKinect Adventures! (24 million as pack-in game for Kinect)[12][13]
Backward
compatibility
Selected Xbox games[14][15] (requires hard drive and the latest update)
PredecessorXbox
SuccessorXbox One
Websitexbox.com/en-US/xbox-360

DevelopmentEdit

Before Microsoft revealed the console's real name, it was called the Xbox 2, Xenon, Xbox Next, NextBox, and other names[source?]. During the development, Microsoft, said it would launch the High-Definition era for video game consoles, promising visuals looks that would look better and much more real. The Xbox 360 uses standard DVD's to play games and other media.[16]

ReleaseEdit

The Xbox 360 was released in the United States and Canada on November 22, 2005[17] in Europe on December 2, 2005, and in Japan on December 10, 2005. It was later launched in Malaysia, Mexico, Colombia, South Korea, Hong Kong, Singapore, Taiwan, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Chile, India, Brazil, Poland, Czech Republic, and Russia. When the console was first released in North America, demand was more than the supplies and the console sold out at many stores. Many people sold the console on eBay for higher prices, and it was not until early 2006 that the Xbox 360 became more available in stores again.

ModelsEdit

  • Xbox 360 Core – this was the first basic package of the Xbox 360, featuring only the console and a wired controller. This has been discontinued and replaced by the Arcade as the cheapest model.
  • Xbox 360 Arcade – this was the second basic package of the Xbox 360, featuring only the console with HDMI output capabilities, a wireless controller, a 256 MB memory card, 5 Xbox Live Arcade games and Standard-definition video cables.
  • Xbox 360 (commonly called the Premium or Pro) – this package was featuring the console (with HDMI output), 60 GB hard drive, wireless controller, Ethernet cable, headset, High-definition video cables and one month Xbox Live Gold trial.
  • Xbox 360 Elite – this was the most expensive package of the Xbox 360, featuring a black-colored console (with HDMI output), HDMI cable, 120 GB hard drive, headset, wireless controller, Ethernet cable, High-definition video cables and one month Xbox Live trial.
  • Xbox 360 Slim - Piano Black (Matte Black on the 4 GB console), HDMI, 250 or 120 GB HDD and 4 GB SSD, headset (120/250 GB consoles only), wireless controller, ethernet cable, HD video cable, one month Xbox Live trial.
  • Xbox 360 E - Half gloss, half matte finish, HDMI, one month Xbox Live membership trial, comes in 4GB and 250 GB models

AccessoriesEdit

A number of accessories can be purchased for the Xbox 360. These include both wired and wireless controllers, custom faceplates that cover the front of the console, headsets for chatting while online,a webcam, a steering wheel for driving games and various other accessories.

Kinect is a major accessory that Microsoft is planning for the Xbox 360. It is a new way to control games without a controller. Kinect is being developed, and may be in stores in late 2010. It has already won many awards. When it was first being made, it was called Project Natal.

SoftwareEdit

The Xbox 360 is a multimedia console. It can play music and videos streamed or downloaded from a computer. It can also play DVDs and HD-DVDs if a HD-DVD Drive is connected. The Xbox 360 plays games on either a disc or on its hard drive. There are many games for Xbox 360.

UpdatesEdit

The NXE (New Xbox Experience) update had many new features. One new feature is an avatar system. You can make the avatar look like you. The avatar is used in games and more. The menus were changed too. The NXE shows your friends and what they are doing. Another new feature is the ability to add people to an Xbox Live Party. People can talk online in a party. It does not matter if you are on the dashboard or playing another game, up to seven of your friends or anyone else can join a party. Another option is to add friends to the party and game, which will invite them to both your game and party.

Xbox Live now has Facebook, Twitter, and Last.fm. You can use them on Xbox Live, but some features are different. 1080p High definition movies are also on Xbox Live. You can pay to download them.

The most recent update on the 360 was allowing users to input a USB memory device, allowing USB drives with memory over 1 GB to be used for storing data such as avatar items, or game saves, up to a maximum of 16 GB of data.

Red Ring of DeathEdit

 
The "red ring of death" being displayed on a Xbox 360 console, 3/4 red lights flashing on the console to indicate that it is not functioning

The Xbox 360 Red Ring of death issue is very common on older consoles. When this happens, what is known as the Red Ring of Death (RRoD) appears: three of the four warning lights surrounding the power button on the console flash in red. The Red Ring of Death shows that there is a hardware problem, which usually means that the console no longer works. The white Arcade console breaks down a lot. On later models for example, the Xbox 360 S, these three lights show that there is an over-heating problem.

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Radd, David (August 16, 2005). "Xbox 360 Manufacturers Revealed". Bloomberg Businessweek. Archived from the original on August 17, 2010. Retrieved August 19, 2010.
  2. Ashcraft, Brian (November 19, 2010). "Report: Foxconn Denies Protest Over Pay | Kotaku Australia". Kotaku.com.au. Archived from the original on August 20, 2012. Retrieved October 23, 2011.
  3. "New Xbox 360 model on sale now for £149 in the UK". Archived from the original on June 22, 2013. Retrieved June 22, 2013.
  4. "E3 2013: New Xbox 360 Model Revealed - IGN" – via www.ign.com.
  5. Dybwad, Barb (September 15, 2005). "Xbox 360 launch date is November 22". Engadget. Archived from the original on June 15, 2013. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
  6. "Achievement Unlocked: 10 Years – Thank You, Xbox 360". Xbox Wire. Archived from the original on February 16, 2017. Retrieved January 22, 2017.
  7. "E3 2014: $399 Xbox One Out Now, Xbox 360 Sales Rise to 84 million". GameSpot. Archived from the original on March 25, 2017. Retrieved March 24, 2017.
  8. "Xbox 360 Cloud Storage Size Revealed". Psu.com. Archived from the original on April 28, 2015. Retrieved September 19, 2012.
  9. Xbox 360 D-Terminal HD AV Cable, archived from the original on 2010-10-31, retrieved 2019-12-29
  10. Sam Byford (January 20, 2012). "Xbox 360 color space fix coming, still no word on restoring 1080p playback". The Verge. Archived from the original on November 15, 2012. Retrieved September 19, 2012.
  11. "Microsoft confirms Xbox 360 802.11n adapter". joystiq. September 21, 2009. Archived from the original on August 26, 2011. Retrieved November 23, 2009.
  12. Dean Takahashi (January 9, 2012). "Xbox 360 surpasses 66M sold and Kinect passes 18M units". VentureBeat. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved January 10, 2012.
  13. "Microsoft sells 24 million Kinects". Joystiq. Archived from the original on February 13, 2013. Retrieved February 12, 2013.
  14. "Original Xbox Games Playable on Xbox 360". Archived from the original on May 12, 2008. Retrieved November 17, 2009.
  15. Corriea, Alexa Ray (May 2, 2015). "Why Are Current Consoles Not Backward Compatible?". GameSpot. Archived from the original on February 10, 2018. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
  16. Padilla, Raymond (2005-03-08). "We Got Next—Part One (Xbox)". GameSpy. Retrieved 2018-03-06.
  17. Xbox 360 Launch